Ch 26: The Age of Anxiety Flashcards Preview

AP European History > Ch 26: The Age of Anxiety > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 26: The Age of Anxiety Deck (100)
Loading flashcards...
1

German philosopher who believed that reason, progress, and respectability were constructs that suffocated excellence, rejected religion though he was the son of a lutheran minister

Friederich Nietzsche

2

Nietzsche's book in which he said that the west had overemphasized rationality and stifled authentic passions and animal instincts

Untimely Meditations

3

Nietzsche warned that wester society was entering a period of _______, the idea that human life is without meaning, truth, or purpose

nihilism

4

Nietzsche's ideas were fundamental to the rise of the philosophy of _____________

existentialism

5

idea that what we know myst be base on empirically proven facts, concluded that theology was meaningless because it could not be proven

logical positivism

6

What Austrian philosopher became associated with Logical positivism

Ludwig Wittgenstein

7

Wittgenstein believed that philosophy should focus on the study of _________

language

8

Where was logical positivism most popular as World War I progressed?

english speaking countries

9

a philosophy that stresses the meaningless of existence and the importance of the individual in searching for moral values in an uncertain world

existentialism

10

As World War I progressed, where was existentialism most popular?

continental Europe

11

What were most existentialists beliefs in god and religion ?

most were atheists

12

How did existentialism gain popularity in Germany in the 1920's?

Philosophers Martin Heidegger and Karl Jaspers found an audience in post war university students

13

When and where did existentialism become the most popular?

France during and immediately after World War II

14

The decades after World War I witnessed a ________ revival

religious

15

people who stressed human's sinful nature, their need for faith, and the mystery of god's forgiveness

Christian Existentialists

16

Christian revival was spread by the work of _____________

Kierkegaard

17

What was Kierkegaard's main belief on religion?

It was impossible to prove hesitance of god, but rejected the notion that christianity was an empty practice

18

Kierkegaard's essay that said that people must take a leap of faith and accept an unknowable but awesome god

Sickness Unto Death

19

Protestant theologian who said that religion shouldn't be approached with reason, but with trust and obedience

Karl Barth

20

This new wave of science challenged the comfort that came with the rational viewpoint that all science could be empirically proven

The New Physics

21

What was the first step to New Physics?

The discovery that atoms were made of smaller particles

22

What was the implication of Planck's quantum theory?

People began to question whether matter and energy were the same thing

23

Einstein's theory that time and space are relative to the observer and only the speed of light remains constant

Theory of Special Relativity

24

What was this age in physics called?

the heroic age in physics

25

Scientist who showed that the atom could be split

Ernest Rutherford

26

principle that nature itself is unknowable and unpredictable, theorized by Werner Heisenberg

Uncertainty Principle

27

Psychologist who theorized that human behavior was driven by the unconscious and was irrational

Sigmund Freud

28

What were the three structures of the self described by Freud?

id, ego, superego

29

Freud's book that said that civilization was possible only when people renounce their irrational instincts to live peacefully in groups

"Civilization and it's Discontents"

30

Label givent to the artistic and cultural movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, radical experimentation that challenged traditional forms of artistic expression

Modernism