Ch 29: Challenging the Postwar Order Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 29: Challenging the Postwar Order Deck (82)
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1

in the mid to late 1960's much of western Europe moved politically to the ______

left

2

Became the first social democratic West German Chancellor

Will Brandt

3

What countries were exceptions to the leftist movement of western Europe?

France, Spain, Portugal, Greece

4

How did the leftist shift affect the Cold War?

It caused a gradual relaxation of cold war tensions, western leaders took huge steps to normalize relations with the east bloc

5

What western leader took the lead normalizing relations with the East Bloc?

Willy Brandt

6

West Germany's attempt in the 1970's to ease diplomatic tensions with East Germany, exemplifying the policies of detente

Ostpolitik

7

What countries did Brandt make treaties with, accepting their existing state boundaries as they were, in return for a mutual renunciation of force or threat of force?

SU, Czechoslovakia, Poland

8

The progressive relaxation of Cold War tensions that emerged in the early 1970's

Detente

9

when the US, Canada, and all European Nations agreed that Europe's existing political frontiers could not be changed by force

Helsinki Accords

10

European spending on healthy, education, and benefits ___________

increased

11

What exemplified the limits of the growing prosperity?

-Living standards of workers and immigrants didn't rise as fast
-Expanding economy did not always reach developing regions

12

What was the most noticeable leisure time development?

Travel and tourism

13

With the rise of consumer society, church attendance _________ significantly

declined

14

A meeting of catholic leaders that initiated a number of reforms, including replacement of latin with local languages in church services, designed to democratize the church and renew its appeal

Second Vatican Council

15

Family ties _________ in the age of affluence

weakened

16

Movement that challenge the growing conformity that seemed to be an inherent part of consumer society and the unequal distribution of wealth

Counterculture movement

17

Who led the culture counter movement?

Baby Boomers

18

A 1960's counterculture movement that embraced updated forms o Marxism to challenge both Western capitalism and Soviet Style Communism

New Left

19

in the 60's, _____ and daily life merged

politics

20

the 60's was characterized by a new openness about _______

sexuality

21

What war was the growth of the counterculture movement linked to?

Vietnam

22

Eisenhower refused to sign these accords that would temporarily divide Vietnam into two states

Geneva Accords

23

Initial support for the America's involvement in vietnams was ________

Strong

24

Who led the anti war demonstrations in America?

College students

25

Nixon's plan to give the South responsibility for the war and reduce american presence

Vietnamization

26

French conflict between college students and police during the protests of 1968, triggered a national revolt

May Events

27

How did the French government get "May Event" strikers to return to work

promised work place reforms

28

East bloc economies ___________ the West

lagged behind

29

How did communist nations attempt to fix the economic situation in the East Bloc?

cautious decentralization and limited market policies

30

Most successful financial reform in East Bloc, broke up monopolies, allowed some private retail, encouraged private agriculture. Hungary

New Economic Mechanism