Ch 28: Cold War Conflict and Consensus Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 28: Cold War Conflict and Consensus Deck (128)
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1

The rivalry between the Soviet Union and unites States that divided much of Europe into two blocs

Cold War

2

post war refugees, including Germans, former Nazi prisoners and forced laborers, and children

Displaced Persons

3

Organization that opened Displaced Persons camps and spent money to house, feed, and clothe refugees

Unites Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)

4

Why was going home not always the best option for refugees?

-Soviet union saw citizens who had spent time in the west politically unreliable
-Persistant antisemitism made Jewish people unwelcome in their homelands

5

________ families and communities were destroyed in the war

Jewish

6

After WWII Germany and Austria was split into four occupational zones controlled by what four countries?

US, SU, UK, France

7

_______ collected substantial reparations from their zone in Eastern Germany and former allies Hungary and Romania

Soviet Union

8

French women were accused of _________, having sexual relations with Nazi soldiers

Horizontal Collaboration

9

Germany and Austria set up ___________ procedures that involved eradicating the National Socialist ideology and punishing Nazis

denazification

10

Tried highest ranking Nazi military and civilian leaders, marked the last time the four allies worked closely together

Nuremberg Trials

11

Thourough denazification was ________ and those who cooperated with the allies were given leniancy

Impractical

12

The Big Three

Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill

13

Conference crucial for determining post war wold, reaffirmed the allied determination to crush Germany, discussed Poland's post war boundaries and war strategy

Teheran Conference

14

What did Stalin ask Churchill and Roosevelt at the Teheran Conference?

Open a second front in Germany occupied France

15

How did Churchill respond to Stalins proposition?

He said that the UK and US should indirectly attack Germany

16

What did Roosevelt believe about opening a second front?

He agreed with Stalin, but the invasion date was set later than Stalin wanted

17

What was determined at the Yalta conference?

- Each occupied power would control a German Zone
- Germany would pay heavy reparations to the SU
- Stalin would declare war on Japan after German defeat
- SU would incorporate the polish territories it had acquired
- New governments in SU occupied Europe would be freely elected

18

What term of the Yalta conference was violated by the SU immediately after the war?

Freely elected Eastern Europe

19

Stalin was determined to establish a _________ zone of sympathetic stares around the Soviet Union

buffer zone

20

When did Truman cut aid to the soviet union?

After Japanese defeat

21

Who said that an "iron curtain" had descended across Europe?

Winston Churchill

22

What Eastern Bloc nation initially had free elections that had communist success?

Czechoslovakia

23

What country had the largest communist party outside of the soviet occupied nations?

Italy

24

Americas policy geared to containing communist to countries under soviet control

Truman Doctrine

25

The United States provided aid to ________ and ________ to help counter Soviet threat. They both remained in the west bloc

Turkey and Greece

26

Why did America provide economic aid to West Europe?

Truman recognized that a stable Western Europe would be necessary to block soviet appeal

27

American plan for providing economic aid to Western Europe, one of the most successful foreign programs in history. Initially offered to eastern nations, but rejected

Marshall Plan

28

Economic organization of Communist states intended to rebuild the East Bloc independently of the West

Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON)

29

In which the SU blocked all traffic through the soviet zone of Germany

Berline Blockade

30

Why did the SU initiate the Berlin Blockade

-fearful of US presence in Europe after Western nations replaced the currency in West Germany
- Fearful because of growing ties between UK, France, and Netherlands