Flashcards in Ch 28: Cold War Conflict and Consensus Deck (128)
The rivalry between the Soviet Union and unites States that divided much of Europe into two blocs
post war refugees, including Germans, former Nazi prisoners and forced laborers, and children
Organization that opened Displaced Persons camps and spent money to house, feed, and clothe refugees
Unites Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)
Why was going home not always the best option for refugees?
-Soviet union saw citizens who had spent time in the west politically unreliable
-Persistant antisemitism made Jewish people unwelcome in their homelands
________ families and communities were destroyed in the war
After WWII Germany and Austria was split into four occupational zones controlled by what four countries?
US, SU, UK, France
_______ collected substantial reparations from their zone in Eastern Germany and former allies Hungary and Romania
French women were accused of _________, having sexual relations with Nazi soldiers
Germany and Austria set up ___________ procedures that involved eradicating the National Socialist ideology and punishing Nazis
Tried highest ranking Nazi military and civilian leaders, marked the last time the four allies worked closely together
Thourough denazification was ________ and those who cooperated with the allies were given leniancy
The Big Three
Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill
Conference crucial for determining post war wold, reaffirmed the allied determination to crush Germany, discussed Poland's post war boundaries and war strategy
What did Stalin ask Churchill and Roosevelt at the Teheran Conference?
Open a second front in Germany occupied France
How did Churchill respond to Stalins proposition?
He said that the UK and US should indirectly attack Germany
What did Roosevelt believe about opening a second front?
He agreed with Stalin, but the invasion date was set later than Stalin wanted
What was determined at the Yalta conference?
- Each occupied power would control a German Zone
- Germany would pay heavy reparations to the SU
- Stalin would declare war on Japan after German defeat
- SU would incorporate the polish territories it had acquired
- New governments in SU occupied Europe would be freely elected
What term of the Yalta conference was violated by the SU immediately after the war?
Freely elected Eastern Europe
Stalin was determined to establish a _________ zone of sympathetic stares around the Soviet Union
When did Truman cut aid to the soviet union?
After Japanese defeat
Who said that an "iron curtain" had descended across Europe?
What Eastern Bloc nation initially had free elections that had communist success?
What country had the largest communist party outside of the soviet occupied nations?
Americas policy geared to containing communist to countries under soviet control
The United States provided aid to ________ and ________ to help counter Soviet threat. They both remained in the west bloc
Turkey and Greece
Why did America provide economic aid to West Europe?
Truman recognized that a stable Western Europe would be necessary to block soviet appeal
American plan for providing economic aid to Western Europe, one of the most successful foreign programs in history. Initially offered to eastern nations, but rejected
Economic organization of Communist states intended to rebuild the East Bloc independently of the West
Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON)
In which the SU blocked all traffic through the soviet zone of Germany