Ch 14: European Exploration and Conquest Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 14: European Exploration and Conquest Deck (95)
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1

Center of afroeurasion trade

Indian Ocean

2

Venetian trader and explorer whose stories fueled western fantasies, travelled to China

Marco Polo

3

The Mongols fell to the ___________

Ming dynasty

4

Led treasure fleet" on multiple explorations, China turned away from external trade after his death

Zheng He

5

Was one of the most powerful African empires until their defeat by the ottomans in 1517

Egypt

6

________ was practiced in Africa and everywhere else

Slavery

7

Legends about Africa were ____________

Romanticized

8

What did people believe about Africa?

It was a Christian nation ruled by the descendent of one of the three kings; prestor John

9

The Middle East was an ___________ for the afroeurasion trade

Intermediary

10

There was a religious clash between the ____________ and ______________

Persians and Turks

11

What religion were Persians?

Shi'ite Muslim

12

What religion did the ottoman Turks follow?

Sunnism

13

The Turks and Persians competed for ____________

Trade routes

14

Under Sultan Mohammed II the ottomans captured the largest European city _____________

Constantinople

15

What did the ottomans rename Constantinople?

Istanbul

16

The ottomans expanded ___________

Rapidly

17

In the late Middle Ages who controlled trade with east?

Venice and Genoa

18

Revival of the economy after the _____________ was a cause of expansion

Black Plague

19

Europeans wanted to spread ______________

Christianity

20

Spanish soldier explorers who sought to conquer the new world for the Spanish

Conquistadors

21

Fictitious travel book that convinced Europeans and romanticized exploration

The travels of John mandeville

22

Older ships propelled by slaves

Galleys

23

New ships developed by Portuguese

Caravel

24

Depicted the world as round and introduced concepts of latitude and longitude

Ptolemys geography

25

Who reintroduced Europeans to Ptolemys geography?

Arabs

26

Instruments invented by greeks, determine location by the elevation of the sun

Astrolabe

27

Who perfected the astrolabe

Muslim navigators

28

Supported study of geography and navigation, dubbed the navigator, convinced the Portuguese monarch to open a school of navigation

Prince Henry

29

The Portuguese conquest of Moroccan city ________ marked the beginning of European overseas expansion

Cuera

30

Sailed to the end of the cape of good hope, storms forced him to turn back

Bartholemew Diaz