Ch 16: Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution Flashcards Preview

AP European History > Ch 16: Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 16: Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution Deck (127)
Loading flashcards...
1

Before the scientific revolution, most knowledge of motion and astronomy was derived from ____________

Aristotle

2

Aristotle's ideas were applied to ___________ theology

Christian

3

Encompassed what we know as science today

Natural philosophy

4

What did Aristotle believe about astronomy?

A motionless earth was the center of the universe and surrounded by ten crystal spheres, beyond of which was heaven

5

Who theorized that planets move in small epicycles?

Ptolemy

6

Many developments in the European scientific revolution were borrowed from ________ scholars

Arab

7

The union of _________ and natural philosophy would be the hallmark of the scientific revolution

Mathematics

8

How did the Renaissance stimulate the scientific revolution?

-patrons funded scientific expeditions as well
-geometry and realism in art
-rediscovery of ancient texts

9

Fascination with discoveries during the scientific revolution led to an increase in __________

Printing

10

Navigational problems in ___________ led to technological innovations

Exploration

11

He was the first to theorize the heliocentric model of the universe

Nicolaus Copernicus

12

What was the name of Copernicus's book?

On the revolution of the heavenly spheres

13

What was the major religious problem posed by the heliocentric model?

Where was heaven?

14

Who observed the new star of 1572?

Tycho Brah

15

New tables of planetary motion created by Thycho Brah

Rudolphine Tables

16

Thycho Brah was restricted by his limited understanding of _______

Math

17

Brah's young assistant who believed that the world was built off of mathematical relationships

Johann Kepler

18

Kepler created the _________________which were published in "the new astronomy"

Three laws of planetary motion

19

Kepler also pioneered which field?

Optics

20

Who's greatest achievement was an elaboration on the experimental method?

Galileo

21

Galileo furnished the law of ________, "an object in motion tends to stay in motion..."

Inertia

22

Galileo thought it dangerous to publicly show support for the ____________ model

Heliocentric

23

Galileos book that was viewed negatively by the church

"Dialogue on the chief systems of the world"

24

What was the result of Galileos book?

He was arrested, put on trial for heresy, and forced to recant

25

The book that laid down Newtons three laws of motion

"Mathematical principles of Natural Philosophy"

26

Newtons law that all objects are attracted to each other by a precise math equation

Law of universal gravitation

27

Greatest early propagandist for the experimental method

Francis bacon

28

Bacon believed knowledge had to be persued by _________

Empiricism

29

Bacons followers created the ____________ where they met to discuss ideas

Royal society

30

The ______________ extended the use of reason

scientific revolution