Flashcards in Ch 16: Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution Deck (127)
Before the scientific revolution, most knowledge of motion and astronomy was derived from ____________
Aristotle's ideas were applied to ___________ theology
Encompassed what we know as science today
What did Aristotle believe about astronomy?
A motionless earth was the center of the universe and surrounded by ten crystal spheres, beyond of which was heaven
Who theorized that planets move in small epicycles?
Many developments in the European scientific revolution were borrowed from ________ scholars
The union of _________ and natural philosophy would be the hallmark of the scientific revolution
How did the Renaissance stimulate the scientific revolution?
-patrons funded scientific expeditions as well
-geometry and realism in art
-rediscovery of ancient texts
Fascination with discoveries during the scientific revolution led to an increase in __________
Navigational problems in ___________ led to technological innovations
He was the first to theorize the heliocentric model of the universe
What was the name of Copernicus's book?
On the revolution of the heavenly spheres
What was the major religious problem posed by the heliocentric model?
Where was heaven?
Who observed the new star of 1572?
New tables of planetary motion created by Thycho Brah
Thycho Brah was restricted by his limited understanding of _______
Brah's young assistant who believed that the world was built off of mathematical relationships
Kepler created the _________________which were published in "the new astronomy"
Three laws of planetary motion
Kepler also pioneered which field?
Who's greatest achievement was an elaboration on the experimental method?
Galileo furnished the law of ________, "an object in motion tends to stay in motion..."
Galileo thought it dangerous to publicly show support for the ____________ model
Galileos book that was viewed negatively by the church
"Dialogue on the chief systems of the world"
What was the result of Galileos book?
He was arrested, put on trial for heresy, and forced to recant
The book that laid down Newtons three laws of motion
"Mathematical principles of Natural Philosophy"
Newtons law that all objects are attracted to each other by a precise math equation
Law of universal gravitation
Greatest early propagandist for the experimental method
Bacon believed knowledge had to be persued by _________
Bacons followers created the ____________ where they met to discuss ideas