Ch 17 Enlightenment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 17 Enlightenment Deck (52):
0

Immanuel Kant

German philosopher
Defined the enlightened as "mans leaving his self caused immaturity."
"Dare to know"

1

Bernard de Fontenelle

Especially important as a direct link between the scientific revolution of the 17th century and the philosophes of the 18th

Secretary of the French Royal Academy of science

Contributed to the growing of skepticism

2

Pierre Bayle

Remained a Protestant while becoming a leading critic of traditional religious attitudes he attacked superstition religious intolerance and dogmatismhe argued for complete a religious toleration maintaining that the existence of many religions would benefit rather than harm the state

3

Charles Louis Montesquieu

3 different branches of government


Came from French nobility
Studied law and in his first work the Persian matters use the format of two Persian supposedly traveling in Western Europe and sending their impressions back home to enable him to criticize French institutions especially the Catholic Church and the French monarchy

Spirit of the laws

4

Voltair

Greatest figure of the enlightenment
Play write philosopher
A philosopher was well known for his criticism of traditional religion and his support of religious toleration

5

Denis Diderot

Became a freelance writer so that he can only study many subjects and reading many languages his favorite topic was Christianity which he condemned as fanatical an unreasonable his literary attacks grew vicious when he got older

Wrote "encyclopedia"

6

Herbert of Cherbury & Deism

Founded deism

7

David Hume

An important figure in the history philosophy Hume has also been called a "pioneering social scientists"

Agriculture and

8

Francios Quesnay

Leader of the Physiocrats they claim they would discover the natural economic laws that govern human society

9

Adam Smith

Scottish philosopher and his inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of Nations known simply as a wealth of Nations

He presented a strong attack on mercantilism first he condemned the mercantilist use of tariffs to protect home industries

10

Condorcet & Baron d'Holbach

German aristocrat who settled in Paris preached a doctrine of strict atheism and materialism and his system of nature he argue that everything in the universe consisted of matter in motion

11

Jean Jacques Rousseau

Political believes were presented into major works

12

Mary Wollstonecraft

English writer reviewed by many as the founder of modern European feminism she pointed out to contradictions in the views of women held by such in my fingers as Rousseau

13

Marie-Therese de Geoffrin

Widow whose father had been a valet welcome to the encyclopedias to her salon and offered financial assistance to complete the work in secret

14

Cesar's beccario

He did on crimes and punishments opposed to capital punishment

15

Jacques Louis David

Jacques-Louis David was an influential French painter in the Neoclassical style, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era. Wikipedia

16

Johann Sebastian Bach

Was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He enriched established German styles through his skill in counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and the adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach's compositions include the Brandenburg Concertos

17

George Frederick Handel

George Frideric Handel was a German-born, British Baroque composer famous for his operas, oratorios, anthems and organ concertos. Wikipedia

18

Franz Joseph Haydn

known as Joseph Haydn,[n 1] was a prominent and prolific composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio[1] and his contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet".

19

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood. Wikipedia

20

Edward Gibbon

"Rise and fall of Roman Empire"

21

Cesare Beccaria

Crime and punishments

22

Count Von Zinzendorf

Spread pietism as soon as you question God you become atheist

23

John Wesley

was an Anglican divine[2] and theologian who, with his brother Charles Wesley and fellow cleric George Whitefield, is credited with the foundation of the evangelical movement known as Methodism

24

Gottfried Leibniz

was a German mathematician and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy.

Leibniz developed calculus independently of Isaac Newton, and Leibniz's mathematical notation has been widely used ever since it was published.

25

George Berkeley

"Immaterialism"

26

John Locke

The reasonsabolust of Christianity

27

Discourse in method

Descartes

28

Leviathan

Hobbes

29

Two treatise

John Locke

30

Principia

Newton

31

The prince

Machiavelli

32

Institutes

Calvin

33

Candide

Voltaire

34

Encyclopedia

Denis Diderot

35

Marriage figaro

Mozart

36

Vindication women rights

Mary wollencraft

37

Social contract

Rousseau

38

Wealth of nations

Adam smith

39

Fabric of the human body

Vesalius

40

Motion heart and blood

William Harvey

41

Two chief worlds

Galilieo galilei

42

Heavenly spheres

Copernicus

43

Book of the courtier

Castiglione

44

On crimes and punishments

Cesare beccaria

45

Tabula rasa

"Blank mind" - Locke

46

Philosophes

Literary people

47

What did Voltaire believe

Religious toleration deism

48

Natural laws of economics

Mercantilism and agriculture

49

Pogroms

Communities where Jews were killed

50

Pietism by Nikolas Von zinzendorf

Once you question God you become atheist AND GO TO HELL

51

Statistic

Pascal