Unit 1 Essay Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1 Essay Questions Deck (24):

To what extent and in what ways did woman participate in the Renaissance?

• Women were supposed to be seen and not heard

Rarely seen

Upper-class women were only allowed to express

Women were inferior to men

Low class women were expected to be housewives and take care of everything that has to do with the house

Working-class women had to help their husbands and work for them and run their business


Discuss how the Renaissance ideas are expressed in the Italian art of the period Referring to specific works and artists?


More emphasis individual

Harmony balance and order

Rafael pretrade ideas in his artwork




To what extent is a term Renaissance: A valid concept for a distinct period In early modern European history?

Has to do with art religion


How and to what extent did the methods and ideas of Renaissance humanism contribute to the Protestant Reformation?

Roman Catholic church was very powerful

Holy Roman empire made up of German regions

Sale of indulgences


The art that was depicted in the Renaissance was religious

Anything other than religious with frowned upon

Lutheranism spread quickly


Compare and contrast the motives and actions of Martin Luther in the German states in King Henry VII in England and bringing about religious change during the reformation.

Martin Luther was concerned with the sale of indulgences

95 theses

Exposed church corruption

Argue that only two of the seven sacraments were valid

Agreed with the Roman Catholic Church

Ideas caused peasant revolt

King Henry VII
This tradition of rights of crown vs pope

English you humanist supported for protist in ideas

Defended seven sacraments


Discuss the political and social consequences of the Protestant Reformation in the first half of the 16th century.

– Bloody warfare 30 years war
– Persecution of Protestants (bloody Mary)
-peasants revolt
– Church planned under control of state
- Anabaptist persecuted and repressed

--Family placed at Center social life
-Women suppressed further into domestic role removed from and religious rules
-Education for boys and girls
– Religious practices
-emphasis on Bible reading


Compare and contrast the attitudes of Martin Luther and John Calvin toward political authority and social order.

Martin Luther
-legion only two sacraments Lord supper and baptism
-want to church reforms
-disliked indulgences
-deny doctrine of transubstantiation
-believed in importance of scripture
-diet of Augsburg

John Calvin
-believed in doctrine of justification by faith only
-more emphasis on absolute sovereignty of God
-believed in predestination

Both wanted reform for church
Only believed in two sacraments been valid
Both believed in doctrine of justification by faith


Compare and contrast the Lutheran reefer mission in the Catholic reformation of the 16th century regarding the reform of both religious doctrines and religious practices.

95 theses Lutheranism Calvinism Anabaptist and king Henry vii who broke from the Catholic Church


Describe and analyze the ways in which 16th century Roman Catholics defend their faith against the Protestant information

They built up the counterreformation creating more reasonable reform seem to pull Paul the third along with the instilling the Council of Trent


Describe the effect of printing press on culture and religion

For more books to be created
More books were created more people were able to get these books
They were cheaper
Literacy rates rose
Information was spread faster
More Bibles were created
Luthers 95 theses were spread rapidly


Describe and analyze the Cutrone economic interactions between Europe and the Western Hemisphere as a result of the Spanish and Portuguese exploration and settlement

Brought over religion and diseases forcing them into encomienda system and exporting gold and goods from plantations


Analyze the effects of the Columbian exchange

Agriculture potato
Animals that cause diseases


Analyze the reasons for the decline of the Holy Roman Empire as a force and European politics. 1517 to 1648.

Barbarian invasion Christianity natural disasters slave labor failing a call call me antagonism between the Senate in the Emperor


-Louis X IV analyze methods that can use to achieve this objective and discuss the extent to which she was successful "one king, one law, one ."

Wanted to be the king and sole ruler of France
-why did no one to think they had even close to the amount of power he had
-had less success in internal administration
-Bribed officials to gain more control
-improved communications through new roads and cana

-Held power through absolute monarchy
-Created Versailles
-Antagonized Huguenots so they can become Catholics


Analyze the influence of the theory of mercantilism on the domestic and foreign policies of France



Explain the reasons for the rise of the Netherlands as a leading commercial power in the. 1552 165



Describe and analyze the changes in the role of Parliament and English politics of succession of James 1st and the glorious qWrevolution

At the start he received a good welcome from the Parliament

Wanted to discuss its powers and rights but James was not going to allow it

Parliament did not succeed


Analyze the ways in which both the theory and the practice of the monarchy evolved in England from 1603 the death of Elizabeth I to the chorus revolution

Constitutional monarchy is a system of government where the power of the ruler is limited

Glorious Revolution establish the victory of Parliament over the king

At the beginning parliament was losing not having enough power


Compare and contrast the political ideas of Hobbs and Locke

Both are political philosophers

Political thinker
View the exercise of political power quite differently from Hobbs and argued against absolute rule of one man


Political thinker
Believed strong powerful government
He claimed that in the state of nature before society was organized human life was solitary poor nasty brutish and short



Identify and analyze the economic developments between 1415 and 1700 that helped bring about the shift

"in the 15th century European society was still centered on the Mediterranean region but by the end of the 17th century the focus of Europe had shifted north

Increases in trouble and economic roots resulted in the rise of the empires Portuguese empire Spanish Empire in British Empire

Development of Industrial Revolution printing press


Describe and analyze how overseas expansion by European states affected global trade and international relations.



Compare and contrast the economic and social development of Russia with that if the Netherlands in the. 1600 through 1725



Analyze the various Protestant views of the relationship between church and state. 1500 to 1700



Analyze the various effects of expansion of the Atlantic trade on the economy in Western Europe in the. 1415 through 1700