Ch 28. Cold War And A New Western World Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 28. Cold War And A New Western World Deck (19):
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Truman doctrine

Pres. Harry Truman alarmed by British weakness and the possibility of Soviet expansion into the eastern Mediterranean

It said that the United States would provide money to countries that claimed they were threatened by communist expansion

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The Marshall plan

Program following the Truman doctrine
Intended to rebuild prosperity instability this included $13 billion for the economic recovery of war torn Europe underlying it was the belief that communist aggression fed off economic turmoil

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Containment

George kennon American diplomat against further aggressive Soviet moves favored counterforce

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Berlin blockade

Soviet did it it allowed no trucks were trains to enter the three Western zones of Berlin they wanted to secure economic control of all Berlin and force the Western powers to hold the creation of a separate west German state

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NATO

The north Atlantic Treaty organization formed in Belgium brewery in Denmark France Iceland in Italy Luxembourg the Netherlands Norway in Portugal signed a treaty with United States and Canada they provided mutual assistance if anyone of them was attacked later West Germany Greece and Turkey joined

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Warsaw Pact

Albania Bulgaria Czechoslovakia east Germany Hungary Poland Romania and the Soviet Union organized formal military alliance in the Warsaw Pact

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Mutual deterrence

The belief that an arsenal of nuclear weapons prevented war by assuring that if one nation launched its nuclear weapons in a preemptive first-rate the other nation would still be able to respond and devastate the talker

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Korean War

war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union. The war arose from the division of Korea at the end of World War II and from the global tensions of the Cold War that developed immediately afterwards.

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Nikita Khrushchev

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev was a Russian politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War. Wikipedia

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Sputnik I

Sputnik 1 was the first artificial Earth satellite. It was a 58 cm diameter polished metal sphere, with four external radio antennas to broadcast radio pulses. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957. Wikipedia

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Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall was a barrier that divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989, constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East ... Wikipedia

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MAD

Ok

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Francis Gary powers the U2

Francis Gary Powers (August 17, 1929 – August 1, 1977) was an American pilot whose Central Intelligence Agency[1] U-2 spy plane was shot down while flying a reconnaissance mission over Soviet Union airspace, causing the 1960 U-2 incident.

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Bay of pigs

was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961. A counter-revolutionary military, trained and funded by the United States

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Cuban missile crisis

Brought the world close to nuclear war

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Domino theory

American policymakers saw it in terms of domino theory concerning the spread of communism

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Dien bien phu

was the climactic confrontation of the First Indochina War between the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps and Viet Minh communist-nationalist revolutionaries. It

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Vietnam war

also known in Vietnam as Resistance War Against America (Vietnamese: Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a Cold War-era proxy war[36] that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955[A 1] to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War (1946–54) and was fought between North Vietnam—supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies—and the government of South Vietnam—supported by the United States and other anti-communist allies.[41

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Detente

noun
the easing of hostility or strained relations, especially between countries.
"a serious effort at detente with the eastern bloc"