Chapter 14 Exploration Flashcards Preview

AP Euro Vocabulary > Chapter 14 Exploration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14 Exploration Deck (53):
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Prince Henry the navigator

Founded a school for navigators on the south western coast of Portugal

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Bartholomew DIas

Portuguese explorer Bartholomew Diaz read the first European expedition around the Cape of Good Hope and 1488

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Vasco da Gama

First person to sell directly from Europe to India

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Christopher Columbus

Italian explorer who worked for the queen of Spain
Discovered the New World

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Ferdinand Magellan

Led the first European book voyage of discovery to circumnavigate the globe

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Treaty of tordesillas

Divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe between Portugal and Spain how long American 370 leagues west of the kids Verde islands

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Hernando Cortes

Conquistador who conquered the vast Aztec empire in Central America

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Francisco Pizarro

Explorer and Conquistador Francisco Pizarro help to Vasco Nunez the bubblewrap discover the Pacific ocean and after conquering Peru found it it's capital city Lima

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Triangular Trade

Connected Europe Africa and the American continents that characterize the new Atlantic economy

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Mercantilism

Name historians use to identify a set of economic tendencies that came to dominate economic practices in the 17th century

Focused on the role of the state believing that state intervention in some aspects of the economy was desirable for the sake of the national good

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Dutch East India Company

The Dutch East India Company was a chartered company established in 1602, when the States General of the Netherlands granted it a 21-year monopoly to carry out trade activities in Asia.

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British East India Company

The East India Company, originally chartered as the Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies, and more properly called the Honourable East India Company, was an English, ... Wikipedia

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Navigation acts Britain

Navigation Acts were a series of laws that restricted the use of foreign ships for trade between Britain and its colonies. They began in 1651 and ended 200 years later.

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Joint stock trading Company

A joint-stock company is a business entity where different stakes can be bought and owned by shareholders. Each shareholder owns company stock in proportion, evidenced by his or her shares (certificates of ownership).

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Spanish Inquisition

Spanish Inquisition (Started Nov. 1, 1478 by King Ferdinand of Aragon (Isabella was from Castille)). Cardinal Ximenes was the Franciscan monk put over the inquisition and the effort to keep Protestantism out of Spain. Ximenes founded a number of Christian Humanist universities, used the Inquisition to push only the orthodox Catholic faith, then eventually directly pushed the Inquisition (an instrument to either force out non-Catholics, or force them to convert.)

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Ignatius of Loyola


3. Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556)—In his early years, Ignatius was a soldier. He eventually left his career of soldiering and became a monk. He was able to start his own monastic order—for people that were completely & totally zealously devoted to the pope in 1534. Jesuits took a vow of poverty and chastity, and were completely devoted to battling against the forces of Reformation. The monastic order Ignatius created was called the ―Society of Jesus, also known as

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Who were the first Europeans to discover the New World?

The first Europeans to discover the New World were the Vikings.
The organization of the Vikings was not such as to engage in a massive colonization effort. After all the Vikings were still raiding European cities, and attempting to win huge tracts of land in England.

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Who was involved in the hundred years war?

France and England were involved in the Hundred Years War. After that, England became involved in the (Civil) Wars of the Roses,

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Inflation

Inflation—Spain was bringing hordes of silver (and a
little gold) from America. This led to a general inflation across the Spanish empire. Due to inefficient taxation systems and spending policies, the Spanish government never really profited (long-term) from all this new money.

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Battle of Lepanato

he Battle of Lepanto (1571), in which the navies of the “Holy League” (Spain, Venice, and the Papal States) annhilated the Ottoman Navy. However the Holy League did not press the victory, made no strategic gains, and the Ottomans quickly rebuilt their navy.

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The Netherlands

The Netherlands—Had been a Hapsburg possession since the generation of Ferdinand and Isabella (longer than Spain had been Hapsburg). Was geographically separated from Spain, located on a number of crossroads between Germany, England, and France. As a result, the Reformation had taken hold there.

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Pacification of Ghent

Pacification of Ghent (1576) was the treaty among the Dutch republics that unified the nation (where they pledged to drive out the Spaniards). [Roughly modern day Holland/ the Netherlands]. Fighting lasted off and on from 1565-1609. Spain never acknowledged Holland‘s independence until the Treaty of Westphalia, 1648.

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Portolani

Charts made by medieval navigators and mathematicians in a 13th and 14th century were more usual

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Where did Portuguese ships reach?

The Senegal river north of Cape Verde it brought a cargo a black Africans most slaves

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What did da Gama find?

He went to search for Christians and spices but he didn't find Christians but he did find spices

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Portuguese Armada defeated...?

A combined fleet of Turkish an Indian shipped off the coast of India

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Admiral Alfonso Albuquerque

Set up port facilities at Goa

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Why were the Portuguese so successful?

Because of their guns and seamanship

And effective use of Naval technology

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What did Columbus believe?

He felt that Asia could be reached by sailing west instead of around Africa

He was rejected by the Portuguese he persuaded Queen Isabella of Spain to finance his expedition

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Columbus's ships

Santa Maria the Niña and the pita

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John Cabot

Explored the new England coastline of the Americas under a license from King Henry VII of England

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Vasco Nunez de Balboa

expedition across the isthmus of Panama and reach the Pacific ocean in 1513

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The Maya

Built temples and pyramids were accomplished artist and develop a sophisticated calendar as accurate as any in existence in the world at the time

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Aztecs

Established their capital at technotichlon on the island in the middle of like Texico

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The Inca

Small community

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Pachakuti

Incas powerful ruler
Divided his realm into four quarters each ruled by a governor the quarters were intern divided into provinces each also ruled by the governor

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Anton Montesino

Said this in Santo Domingo

And you are here heading for damnation for you are destroying and innocent people for they are gods people these innocent to me destroyed by what right do you make them die mining gold for you and your minds or working for you and your fields by what right do you unleash insulating wars upon them they lived in peace in this land before you came in peace in their own homes they did nothing to harm you to cause you to slaughter them pull a sale

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What were the Catholic monarchs of Spain appointed to do?

They could appoint bishops and clergy build churches collect fees and supervise the various religious orders that sought to Christianize the heathen

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Where did the Portuguese build forts?

On both the western and eastern coast of Africa and try to dominate the trade in gold

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Cane sugar

First trying to introduce to Europeans in the middle eastern the Crusades

Set up on the eastern coast of Brazil and on several islands in the Caribbean

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Middle passage

Journey of slaves from Africa to the Americas

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King of Fonzo of Congo

so great sire a corruption and license to sniff that our country is being completely depopulated

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Dutch slave trader

From us they have learned strife Corling drunkenness trickery theft and brittle desire for what is not one's own misdeeds unknown to them before and that accursed lust for gold

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Why did Portuguese efforts to dominate the trade didn't succeed?

They lacked the numbers in the wealth to overcome local resistance and colonize Asian regions their empire was simply too large and Portugal too small to maintain

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Portuguese chronicler laminated

My country oh my country too heavy is a task that has been laid on your shoulders day after day I watch the ships leaving your Shores field always with your best and greatest man into many do not return who then is left to tell the fields to harvest the grapes to keep the enemy on our front tears at bay

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Where do the Dutch establish a fort?

Batavia modern Jakarta

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The Mughal Empire

Founder Babur
Greatest Indian empire

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Dutch and the French

The Dutch didn't concentrate on the spice trade but the French for more persistent and establish their own fortes on the East Coast

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How many colonies of British North America have?

13 colonies

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Mercantilism focused...

On the role of the state they believe the state in some aspects of the economy was desirable for the sake of the nations good

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Mateo Reesie described the Jesuit approach

In order that the appearance of a new religion might not Arosa's mission among the Chinese people the Jesswhit fathers to not speak only about a religious matters when they begin to appear in public they did however try to teach this pageant people in a more direct way namely my virtue of their example by the sent to the other lives

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What territory did the Dutch seize around the globe?

South Africa and it was later called the Dutch East India Company

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Columbian exchange

It was the trading exportation and imprecation of animals and plants between the Europeans and Americans