Flashcards in Ch. 18 Enlightened Absolutism Deck (23):
Louis XV (France)
Decided to rule alone but he was lazy and weak. Had many mistresses and they began to influence his control. One of his mistresses Madame de Pompadour.
Madame de Pompadour
Louis XV mistress. Gained power and wealth by advancing appointments for foreign policy.
Louis XIV (France)
An adherent of the concept of the divine right of kings, which advocates the divine origin of monarchical rule, Louis continued his predecessors' work of creating a centralized state governed from the capital. He sought to eliminate the remnants of feudalism
Louis XVI wife. Austrian princess.
Second in line to the British throne after about 50 Catholics higher in line were excluded by the Act of Settlement, which restricted the succession to Protestants
Bonnie Prince Charlie
Charles is perhaps best known as the instigator of the unsuccessful Jacobite uprising of 1745, in which he led an insurrection to restore his family to the throne of the Kingdom of Great Britain, which ended in defeat at the Battle of Culloden that effectively ended the Jacobite cause.
Prime minister. Pursued a peaceful foreign policy to avoid new land taxes.
William Pitt the Elder
Prime minister who furthered the imperial ambitions by acquiring Canada and india in the seven years war.
Frederick William I (Prussia)
Developed the two major institutions ARMY & BUREAUCRACY. They were the backbone of Prussia.
The rigid class stratification had emerged in Brandenburg. He used nobles as officers which strikes a great bond.
Frederick II the Great (Prussia)
He explained the services a monarch must provide for his people.
-strict execution of justice
-take care of agriculture
This utilitarian argument was reinforced by the praises of the philosophes.
Established a single code of laws for his territories that eliminated the use of torture except and treason and murder cases as well as complete religious toleration.
Okshe was forced to except the privileges of the Hungarian ability and the right of her Hungarian subjects to have their own laws she did abolished the Austrian and Bohemian chancelleries and replace them with departments of foreign affairs justice or commerce and internal affairs that function for both territories.
She curtailed the role of the diets or province you'll assemblies and taxation and local administration
Maria's son. He was determined to make changes at the same time he carried on his mother's chief goal of enhancing Habsburg power within the monarchy and Europe.
He said," I have made philosophy lawmaker of my empire her logical applications are going to transform Austria."
-Abolished serfdom and try to give the peasants hereditary right to their holdings
-abandoned economic restraints by eliminating internal trade barriers and the monopolies and removing the old restrictions
Issued 6000 decrees and 11,000 laws in his effort to transform Austria
Catherine II The Great
She claimed that she wished to reform Russia along the lines of enlightenment ideas but she was always shrewd enough to realize that her success depended on the support of the palace guard and the gentry class from which it stand she cannot afford to alienate the Russian nobility.
He called for the election of an assembly to debate the details of the new law code
And her INSTRUCTUON written as a guide to the deliberations Catherine questioned ✔ the institutions of serfdom torture and capital punishment and even advocated that principle of that you quality of all people in the eyes of the law
Repressed the peasants
An illiterate person she succeeded in welding the disparate elements of the disc content into a mass revolt.
He freed all peasants from oppressive taxes and military services but the rebellion faltered and he was captured tortured and executed.
War of Austrian succession
Austria signed a peace treaty with Prussia, officially ceding Silesia to Prussia
The diplomatic revolution
1. After the War of Austrian Succession—A series of events took place that was largely exploited by a chief Austrian diplomat, Count Kaunitz. Maria Theresa and Kaunitz realized that there was a greater enemy to Austria than France— Prussia, which had just seized the huge territory of Silesia.
Seven years war French and Indian war
Fight was because of the waterways of the golf of St. Lawrence and the unsettled Ohio River Valley
The Seven-Years war saw the real birth of Prussian nationalism
George I I I
George III was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of these two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death
Putting out system domestic system
The putting-out system is a means of subcontracting work. Historically it was also known as the workshop system and the domestic system. In putting-out, work is contracted by a central agent to subcontractors who complete the work in off-site facilities, either in their own homes or in workshops with multiple craftsmen.
The South seas bubble
The South Sea Company (officially The Governor and Company of the merchants of Great Britain, trading to the South Seas and other parts of America, and for the encouragement of fishing) was a British joint-stock company founded in 1711, created as a public–private partnership to consolidate and reduce the cost of national debt.
Sir Richard Arkwright was an inventor and a leading entrepreneur during the early Industrial Revolution.