Chapter 1-terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1-terminology Deck (59):
1

forehead

Frons

2

nose

nasus

3

eye

oculus

4

ear

auris

5

cheek

bucca

6

neck

cervicis (cervical)

7

chest

thoracic (thorax)

8

breast

mamma

9

abdominal

abdomen

10

naval

umbilicus

11

pelvis

pelvic

12

hand

manus

13

groin

inguen

14

pubic

pubis

15

thigh

femur

16

foot

pes (pedal)

17

great toe

Hallux

18

toes

digits

19

ankle

tarsus

20

leg

crus

21

kneecap

patella

22

fingers

digits

23

thumb

pollex

24

palm

palma

25

wrist

carpus (carpal)

26

forearm

antebrachium

27

front of the elbow

antecubitis

28

arm

brachium

29

armpit

axilla (axillary)

30

chin

mentis

31

mouth

oris

32

head

cephalon

33

skull

cranium

34

face

Facies

35

sole of the foot

planta

36

heel of the foot

calcaneus

37

calf

sura

38

back of the knee

Popliteus

39

buttock

gluteus

40

lumbar/loin

lumbus

41

back of the elbow

olecranon

42

back

dorsum

43

acromial

shoulder

44

describe anatomical position

the person stands with the legs together and feet flat on the floor. the hands are at the sides and the palms face forward

45

lying supine means the person is....

lying on their back (lying face up)

46

lying prone means the person is....

lying on their belly (lying face down)

47

away from the midline means....

lateral

48

towards the midline

medial

49

away from the attached baSe

distal

50

towards an the attached base

proximal

51

towards the head

cranial or cephalic

52

towards the tail

Caudal

53

the back;behind

posterior
dorsal (when referring to the human body)

54

the front; before

anterior

55

the belly side (equivalent to anterior when referring to the human body)

ventral

56

at, near, or relatively close to the body surface

superficial

57

toward the interior of the body; farther from the surface

deep

58

the ventral body cavity (coelom) contains the organs of which systems?

respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, urinary, and reproductive

59

what cavity is located in the mediastinum?

pericardial cavity