Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (25):
1

sanction

v.
1. To give official authorization or approval to: voting rights that are sanctioned by law.
2. To encourage or tolerate by indicating approval: His colleagues sanctioned his new research.
3. To penalize, as for violating a moral principle or international law

2

turpitude

n.
1. Depravity; baseness.
2. A base act.

3

cartography

n.
The art or technique of making maps or charts.

4

despondent

adj.
Feeling or expressing despondency; dejected; depressed.

5

inadvertent

adj.
1. Marked by or resulting from carelessness; negligent: an inadvertent error; an inadvertent omission.
2. Not deliberate or considered; unintentional: an inadvertent remark; inadvertent humor.
3. Not intending to be so; unwitting

6

luscious

adj.
1. Sweet and pleasant to taste or smell: a luscious melon.
2. Richly appealing to the senses or the mind: a luscious, vivid description.
3. Having strong sensual or sexual appeal; attractive.

7

oust

v.
To eject from a position or place; force out

8

tyro

n.
A beginner in learning something.

9

castigate

v.
To punish or rebuke severely.

10

expedient

adj.
1. Suitable or efficient for accomplishing a purpose; practical: thought e-mail was the most expedient way to communicate with distant relatives.
2. Convenient but based on a concern for self-interest rather than principle: changed his position when it was politically expedient.

n.
1. Something that is a means to an end, especially when based on self-interest: compromised only as an expedient to boost his career.
2. Something contrived or used to meet an urgent need: exhausted every expedient before filing a lawsuit.

11

lynch

v.
To punish (a person) without legal process or authority, especially by hanging, for a perceived offense or as an act of bigotry; assassinate; illegal hanging

12

overt

adj.
1. Open and observable; not hidden, concealed, or secret: overt hostility; overt intelligence gathering.

13

ubiquitous

adj.
Being or seeming to be everywhere at the same time; omnipresent.

14

amorphous

adj.
1. Lacking physical form or shape.
2. Lacking organization; formless
3. Lacking a crystalline structure: Glass is an amorphous material.

15

catharsis

n.
1. Purgation, especially for the digestive system.
2. A purifying or figurative cleansing of the emotions, especially pity and fear, described by Aristotle as an effect of tragic drama on its audience.
3. A release of emotional tension, as after an overwhelming experience, that restores or refreshes the spirit.

16

expedite

v.
To speed up the progress of or execute quickly: expedite the review of a legal case; expedite a loan application.

17

preeminent

adj.
Superior to or notable above all others; outstanding.

18

incarceration

v.
1. To put in a prison or jail.
2. To shut in; confine.

19

sardonic

adj.
1. Scornfully or cynically mocking: a sardonic sense of humor.

20

unalloyed

adj.
1. Not in mixture with other metals; pure.
2. Complete; unqualified: unalloyed blessings; unalloyed relief.

21

analgesic

n.
A medication that reduces or eliminates pain.

22

caucus

n.
a. A meeting of the local members of a political party especially to select delegates to a convention or register preferences for candidates running for office.
b. A closed meeting of party members within a legislative body to decide on questions of policy or leadership.
c. A group within a legislative or decision-making body seeking to represent a specific interest or influence a particular area of policy: a minority caucus.

23

exposition

n.
1. A setting forth of meaning or intent; clear explanation.
2.
a. A statement or rhetorical discourse intended to give information about or an explanation of difficult material.
b. The art or technique of composing such discourses.

24

maelstrom

n.
1. A violent or turbulent situation: caught in the maelstrom of war.
2. A whirlpool of extraordinary size or violence.

25

prerogative

n.
1. An exclusive right or privilege held by a person or group, especially a hereditary or official right.
2. The exclusive right and power to command, decide, rule, or judge