Chapter 23 Flashcards Preview

English Vocab > Chapter 23 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 23 Deck (25):
1

niggardly

adj.
1. Grudging and petty in giving or spending.
2. Meanly small; scanty or meagre: left the waiter a niggardly tip.

2

capricious

adj.
Characterized by, arising from, or subject to caprice; impulsive or unpredictable: capricious decisions; capricious weather.

3

contrite

adj.
1. Feeling regret and sorrow for one's sins or offences; penitent.
2. Arising from or expressing contrition: contrite words.

4

emancipate

v.
1. To free from bondage, oppression, or restraint; liberate.
2. Law: To release (a child) from the control of parents or a guardian.

5

philistine

n.
1. A member of a people, perhaps of Aegean origin, who settled ancient Philistia around the 12th century BC.
2. A person who is smugly indifferent or hostile to art and culture; uncultured person

6

redolent

adj.
1. Having or emitting an odor or fragrance; aromatic
2. Suggestive; reminiscent: a campaign redolent of machine politics.

7

surreptitious

adj.
Obtained, done, or made by clandestine or stealthy means; sneaky; secret.

8

wilful

adj.
1. Said or done on purpose; deliberate: wilful disregard of the rules.
2. Obstinately bent on having one's own way; stubborn: exasperated by his wilful child.

9

jingoism

n.
Extreme nationalism characterized especially by a belligerent foreign policy; chauvinistic patriotism.

10

phlegmatic

adj.
1. Of or relating to phlegm; phlegmy.
2. Having or suggesting a calm, sluggish temperament; unemotional or apathetic imperturbable.

11

redress

v.
1. To set right (an undesirable situation, for example); remedy or rectify.
2. To make amends to: felt he should be redressed for the loss.

12

benign

adj.
1.
a. Having little or no detrimental effect; harmless: a benign chemical; benign indifference.
b. Of no danger to health; not malignant or disease-causing: a benign tumour.
2. Tending to exert a beneficial influence; favourable: a policy with benign consequences for the economy.
3.
a. Gentle or kind
b. Showing gentleness or kindness: a benign smile.

13

contumacious

adj.
Obstinately disobedient or rebellious; insubordinate.

14

embroil

v.
1. To involve in argument, contention, or hostile actions.
2. To throw into confusion or disorder; entangle.

15

guileless

adj.
Free of guile; artless; frank; straightforward; honest.

16

jocular

adj.
1. Characterized by joking.
2. Given to joking.

17

pillage

v.
1. To rob of goods by force, especially in time of war; plunder.
2. To take as spoils.

18

benignity

n.
1. The quality or condition of being kind and gentle.
2. A kindly or gracious act.

19

contusion

n.
An injury in which the skin is not broken; a bruise.

20

jollity

n.
Convivial merriment or celebration.

21

nonentity

n.
1. A person regarded as being of no importance or significance.
2. Nonexistence.
3. Something that does not exist or that exists only in the imagination.

22

bequeath

v.
1. Law: To leave or give (personal property) by will.
2. To pass (something) on to another; hand down: bequeathed to their children a respect for hard work.

23

conundrum

n.
1. A riddle in which a fanciful question is answered by a pun.
2. A paradoxical, insoluble, or difficult problem; a dilemma.

24

pious

adj.
1.
a. Earnestly compliant in the observance of religion; reverent or devout; very religious: a pious nun.
b. Showing or characterized by religious devotion: pious observance.
c. Expressive of or used in religious devotion; devotional: pious readings.
2.
a. Done for the benefit of others or with the intention of encouraging good: practicers of the noble lie and the pious fraud.
b. Sincere but wishful or far-fetched: a pious hope that the new method will work.
3. Self-righteous or sanctimonious: pious denunciations of sexual harassment.

25

sybarite

n.
1. A person devoted to pleasure and luxury; a voluptuary.
2. A native or inhabitant of Sybaris.