Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (25):
1

peremptory

adj.
1.
a. Subject to no further debate or dispute; final and unassailable: a peremptory decree.
b. Not allowing contradiction or refusal; imperative: The officer issued peremptory commands.
2. Offensively self-assured; imperious or dictatorial: a swaggering, peremptory manner.

2

stevedore

n.
One who is employed in the loading or unloading of ships; dockworker.

3

virtuoso

n.
1. A musician with masterly ability, technique, or personal style.
2. A person with masterly skill or technique in the arts.

4

augment

v.
To make (something already developed or well under way) greater, as in size, extent, or quantity: Continuing rains augmented the floodwaters.

5

droll

adj.
Amusingly odd or whimsically comical.

6

galleon

n.
A large three-masted sailing ship with a square rig and usually two or more decks, used from the 15th to the 17th century especially by Spain as a merchant ship or warship.

7

perfidy

n.
1. Deliberate breach of faith; calculated violation of trust; treachery.
2. The act or an instance of treachery.

8

quandary

n.
A state of uncertainty or perplexity.

9

gambol

v.
To leap about playfully; frolic.

10

modicum

n.
A small amount of something

11

perfunctory

adj.
1. Done routinely and with little interest or care; superficial; cursory: perfunctory greeting.
2. Acting with indifference; showing little interest or care.

12

stoic/ stoical

adj.
Seemingly indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive: stoic resignation

13

concatenate

v.
To connect or link in a series or chain.

14

garble

v.
1. To mix up or distort to such an extent as to make misleading or incomprehensible; muddle: The report garbled all the historical facts.
2. To scramble (a signal or message), as by erroneous encoding or faulty transmission.

15

momentous

adj.
Of utmost importance; of outstanding significance or consequence: a momentous occasion; a momentous decision.

16

peripatetic

adj.
Walking about or from place to place; travelling on foot; nomadic.

17

vitriolic

adj.
1. Of, similar to, or derived from a vitriol; corrosive.
2. Bitterly scathing; caustic; strongly attacking: vitriolic criticism.

18

garish

adj.
Overly bright or ornamented, especially in a vulgar or tasteless way; gaudy.

19

intrepid

adj.
Resolutely courageous; fearless.

20

peripheral

adj.
1. Related to, located in, or constituting an outer boundary, edge or periphery.
2. Of minor relevance or importance.

21

stolid

adj.
Having or revealing little emotion or sensibility; impassive: "the incredibly massive and stolid bureaucracy of the Soviet system"

22

vivacity

n.
The quality or condition of being vivacious; liveliness.

23

balk

v.
1. To stop short and refuse to go on: The horse balked at the jump.
2. To refuse obstinately or abruptly: She balked at the very idea of compromise.

24

inveterate

adj.
1. Firmly and long established; deep-rooted: inveterate preferences.
2. Persisting in an ingrained habit; habitual: an inveterate liar.

25

moratorium

n.
1. Law
a. A lawful suspension of the payment of certain debts during a period of financial or civil distress.
b. The period during which such a suspension occurs.
2. A suspension of an ongoing or planned activity: a moratorium on timber cutting.