Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

English Vocab > Chapter 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (25):
1

credulous

adj.
1. Disposed to believe too readily; gullible.
2. Arising from or characterized by credulity.

2

lachrymose

adj.
1. Weeping or inclined to weep; tearful.
2. Causing or tending to cause tears.

3

obfuscate

v.
1. To make so confused or opaque as to be difficult to perceive or understand
2. To render indistinct or dim; darken: The fog obfuscated the shore.

4

plethora

n.
An abundance or excess of something

5

repudiate

v.
To shun, eschew

1. To reject the validity or authority of
2. To reject emphatically as unfounded, untrue, or unjust: repudiated the accusation.
3. To refuse to recognize or pay: repudiate a debt.
4.
a. To disown (e.g. a child).
b. To refuse to have any dealings with.

6

tedium

n.
The quality or condition of being tedious; tediousness or boredom.

7

abstemious

adj.
1. Eating and drinking in moderation.
2. Characterized by abstinence or moderation: an abstemious way of life.

8

blithe

adj.
1. Carefree and lighthearted.
2. Lacking or showing a lack of due concern; casual: spoke with blithe ignorance of the true situation.

9

crepuscular

adj.
1. Of or like twilight; dim
2a. Active primarily at dawn or dusk or both. Used of animals.
b. Occurring at dawn or dusk or both: crepuscular foraging; a crepuscular stroll through the park.

10

pliable

adj.
1. Easily bent or shaped
2. Capable of being changed or adjusted to meet particular or varied needs: a pliable policy.
3. Easily influenced, persuaded, or controlled

11

rescind

v.
To make void; repeal or annul.

12

temper

v.
1. To moderate
2. To bring to a desired consistency, texture, hardness, or other physical condition by blending, mixing, or kneading: temper clay; paints that had been tempered with oil.
3. To harden or strengthen (metal or glass) by application of heat or by heating and cooling.
4. To strengthen through experience or hardship; toughen: soldiers who had been tempered by combat.
5. Music: To adjust (the pitch of an instrument) to a temperament.

13

abstruse

adj.
Difficult to understand; obscure

14

blunderbuss

n.
1. A short musket of wide bore and flaring muzzle, formerly used to scatter shot at close range.
2. A person regarded as clumsy and stupid.

15

envenom

v.
1. To make poisonous or noxious.
2. To embitter.

16

hedonism

n.
Pursuit of or devotion to pleasure, especially to the pleasures of the senses.

17

laconic

adj.
Using or marked by the use of few words; terse or concise.

18

plumage

n.
1. The covering of feathers on a bird.
2. Feathers used ornamentally.
3. Elaborate dress; finery.

19

accolade

n.
1.
a. An expression of approval; praise.
b. A special acknowledgment; an award.
2. A ceremonial embrace, as of greeting or salutation.
3. Ceremonial bestowal of knighthood.

20

ephemeral

adj.
1. Lasting for a markedly brief time
2. Having a short lifespan or a short annual period of aboveground growth. Used especially of plants.

21

acquiesce

v.
To consent or comply passively or without protest

22

bombast

n.
1. Grandiloquent, pompous speech or writing.
2. Grandiose or overpowering expression, as in music or painting.

23

epicure

n.
1. A person with refined taste, especially in food and wine.
2. A person devoted to sensuous pleasure and luxurious living.

24

lampoon

n.
A written attack ridiculing a person, group, or institution.

25

tenuous

adj.
1.
a. Weak or insubstantial; flimsy: a tenuous argument
b. Precarious or insecure: tenuous survival.
2. Long and thin; slender: tenuous strands.
3. Having a thin consistency: Pluto's tenuous envelope of gas.