Chapter 18 Flashcards Preview

English Vocab > Chapter 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (25):
1

insipid

adj.
1. Lacking flavor or zest; not tasty: insipid soup.
2. Lacking qualities that excite, stimulate, or interest; dull.

2

mire

n.
1. An area of wet, soggy, muddy ground; a bog.
2. Deep slimy soil or mud.
3. A disadvantageous or difficult condition or situation: the mire of poverty.

3

penury

n.
Extreme want or poverty; destitution.

4

pusillanimous

adj.
Lacking courage; cowardly.

5

staid

adj.
1. Characterized by sedateness and often a strait-laced sense of propriety; serious and conventional; sober; dull.
2. Fixed; permanent.

6

vestige

n.
A visible trace, evidence, or sign of something that once existed but exists or appears no more: a building that is the area's last vestige of its colonial era.

7

asylum

n.
1. Protection and immunity from extradition granted by a government to a political refugee from another country.
2.
a. A place offering protection and safety; a shelter.
b. Protection or shelter; refuge: viewed her friend's apartment as a place of asylum.
c. A place, such as a church, formerly constituting an inviolable refuge for criminals or debtors.
3. An institution for the care of people, especially those with physical or mental impairments, who require organized supervision or assistance.

8

dolt

n.
A stupid person; a dunce.

9

misanthrope

n.
One who hates or mistrusts humankind.

10

pyromania

n.
The irresistible urge to start fires.

11

vignette

n.
1. A decorative design placed at the beginning or end of a book or chapter of a book or along the border of a page.
2. An unbordered picture, often a portrait, that shades off into the surrounding color at the edges.
3.
a. A short, usually descriptive literary sketch.
b. A short scene or incident, as from a movie.

12

colloquial

adj.
1. Characteristic of or appropriate to the spoken language or to writing that seeks the effect of speech; informal.
2. Relating to conversation; conversational.

13

dotage

n.
A deterioration of mental faculties associated with aging.

14

misnomer

n.
1. An error in naming a person or place.
2.
a. Application of a wrong name.
b. A name wrongly or unsuitably applied to a person or object.

15

percipient

adj.
Having the power of perceiving, especially perceiving keenly and readily; insightful.

16

quaff

v.
To drink (a beverage) heartily: quaffed the ale with gusto.

17

vilify

v.
To attack the reputation of (a person or thing) with strong or abusive criticism

18

atrophy

n.
1. A wasting or decrease in size of a body organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use: muscular atrophy
2. A wasting away, deterioration, or diminution: intellectual atrophy.

19

misogynist

n.
One who hates or mistrusts women.

20

perdition

n.
1.
a. Loss of the soul; eternal damnation.
b. Hell
2. Utter ruin.

21

quagmire

n.
1. Land with a soft muddy surface.
2. A difficult or precarious situation; a predicament.

22

vindicate

v.
1. To clear of accusation, blame, suspicion, or doubt with supporting arguments or proof: vindicate their reputations
2. To defend, maintain, or insist on the recognition of (e.g. one's rights).
3. To demonstrate or prove the value or validity of; justify: The results of the experiment vindicated her optimism.

23

attenuate

v.
1. To make slender, fine, or small: The drought attenuated the river to a narrow channel.
2. To reduce in force, value, amount, or degree; weaken: Medicine attenuated the fever's effect.

24

commandeer

v.
1. To seize for military or police use; confiscate.
2. To take arbitrarily or by force; appropriate.
3. To force into military service.

25

drivel

n.
1. Saliva flowing from the mouth.
2. Stupid or senseless talk.