Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

English Vocab > Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (25):
1

intransigent/ intransigeant

adj.
Refusing to moderate a position, especially an extreme position; uncompromising.

He remained intransigent, no matter what the others said.

2

fractious

adj.
1. Inclined to make trouble; unruly.
2. Having a peevish nature; cranky.

3

querulous

adj.
1. Given to complaining; peevish.
2. Expressing a complaint or grievance; grumbling: a querulous voice; querulous comments

4

predicate

v.
1. To base or establish (a statement or action, for example): I predicated my argument on the facts.
2. To state or affirm as an attribute or quality of something: The sermon predicated the perfectibility of humankind.
3. To carry the connotation of; imply.
4. To proclaim or assert; declare.

5

abhor

v.
To regard with horror or loathing; detest

6

bigot

n.
One who is strongly partial to one's own group, religion, race, or politics and is intolerant of those who differ.

8

bilk

v.
1. a. To defraud, cheat, or swindle: made millions bilking wealthy clients on art sales.
b. To evade payment of: bilk one's debts.
2. To thwart or frustrate: "Fate ... may be to a certain extent bilked".
3. To elude.
n.
1. One who cheats.
2. A hoax or swindle.

9

covert

adj.
1. Not openly practiced, avowed, engaged in, accumulated, or shown: covert military operations; covert funding for the rebels
2. Covered or covered over; sheltered.
n. 1. A covering or cover.
2. a. A covered place or shelter; hiding place.
b. Thick underbrush or woodland affording cover for game.

10

engender

v.
1. To bring into existence; give rise to: "Every cloud engenders not a storm" (Shakespeare).
2. To procreate; propagate.

11

abase

v.
To lower in rank, prestige, or esteem.

12

harangue

n.
1. A long pompous speech, especially one delivered before a gathering.
2. A speech or piece of writing characterized by strong feeling or expression; a tirade.

13

plaintiff

n.
Law: The party that institutes a suit in a court.

14

replete

adj.
1. Abundantly supplied; abounding: a stream replete with trout
2. Filled to satiation; gorged.

15

abrogate

v.
To abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority

16

enigma

n.
1. One that is puzzling, ambiguous, or inexplicable.
2. A perplexing speech or text; a riddle.

17

harbinger

n.
One that indicates or foreshadows what is to come; a forerunner.

18

enfranchise

v.1. To endow with the rights of citizenship, especially the right to vote.2. To free, as from bondage.3. To bestow a franchise on.

19

reprehensible

adj.
Deserving rebuke or censure; shameful

20

absolution

n.
1. The act of absolving or the state of being absolved.
2. The formal remission of sin imparted by a priest, as in the sacrament of penance.

21

laceration

n.
A jagged wound or cut.

22

obdurate

adj.
1. Not changing in response to argument or other influence; obstinate or intractable
2. a. Hardened in wrongdoing or wickedness; stubbornly impenitent
b. Hardened against feeling; hardhearted: an obdurate miser.

23

reprieve

n.
1. a. The prevention or suspension of a scheduled or expected punishment.
b. A court order or other official notification preventing or suspending a scheduled or expected punishment.
2. Temporary relief, as from danger or pain.

24

tawdry

adj.
1. Gaudy and cheap in nature or appearance.
2. Shameful or indecent: tawdry secrets.

25

blight

n.
1. a. An agent or action that harms or ruins the value or success of something: "the heavy-handed, moralistic parenting that was the blight of the traditional family".
b. A condition or result of harmful or ruinous action: policies that lifted the city from economic blight.

26

plaudit

n.Enthusiastic expression of praise or approval: a new play that opened to the plaudits of the critics.