Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (25):
1

dichotomy

n.
A division into two contrasting things or parts

2

palpable

adj.
1.
a. Capable of being handled, touched, or felt; tangible: "Anger rushed out in a palpable wave through his arms and legs" (Herman Wouk).
b. Medicine Capable of being felt by palpating: a palpable tumor.
2. Easily perceived; obvious: "There was a palpable sense of expectation in the court"

3

pretentious

adj.
1. Claiming that or behaving as if one is important or deserving of merit when such is not the case; self-important; pompous: a pretentious socialite.
2. Showing or betraying an attitude of superiority: made pretentious remarks about his education.
3. Marked by an extravagant or presumptuous outward show; ostentatious: a pretentious house.

4

unfetter

v.
1. To free from fetters or other physical bonds.
2. To free from restraints or inhibitions.

5

censure

v.
To express strong disapproval of or criticize severely, especially in an official capacity; to blame

6

didactic

adj.
1. Intended to instruct.
2. Morally instructive.
3. Inclined to teach or moralize excessively.

7

extrinsic

adj.
1. Not forming an essential or inherent part of a thing; extraneous.
2. Originating from the outside; external.

8

malediction

n.
1. A curse.
2. Slander.

9

panacea

n.
A remedy for all diseases, evils, or difficulties; a cure-all.

10

prevaricate

v.
To speak or write evasively.

11

scuttle

v.
1. Nautical
a. To cut or open a hole or holes in (a ship's hull).
b. To sink (a ship) by this means.
2. To thwart, ruin, or terminate e.g. a plan

12

unfrock/ defrock

v.
1. To strip of priestly privileges and functions.
2. To deprive of the right to practice a profession.
3. To deprive of an honorary position.

13

annex (v)

v.
1. To append or attach, especially to a larger or more significant thing.
2. To incorporate (territory) into an existing political unit such as a country, state, county, or city; to take possession of; seize; capture
3. To add or attach, as an attribute, condition, or consequence.

14

cerebral

adj.
1. Of or relating to the brain or cerebrum.
2. Appealing to or requiring the use of the intellect; intellectual rather than emotional

15

diffident

adj.
Lacking or marked by a lack of self-confidence; shy and timid: He was too diffident to express his opinion.

16

malefactor

n.
1. One who has committed a crime; a criminal.
2. A wrongdoer or evildoer.

17

paradigm

n.
1. One that serves as a pattern or model; an example.
2. A set or list of all the inflectional forms of a word or of one of its grammatical categories: the paradigm of an irregular verb.
3. A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline; a way of looking at things

18

indelible

adj.
1. Impossible to remove, erase, or wash away; permanent: indelible ink.
2. Making a mark not easily erased or washed away: an indelible pen for labeling clothing.
3. Unable to be forgotten; memorable: an indelible memory.

19

malinger

v.
To feign illness or other incapacity in order to avoid duty or work.

20

charlatan

n.
A person who makes elaborate, fraudulent, and often voluble claims to skill or knowledge; a quack or fraud.

21

paragon

n.
A model of excellence or perfection of a kind; a peerless example: a paragon of virtue.

22

unwitting

adj.
1. Not knowing; unaware: an unwitting subject in an experiment.
2. Not intended; unintentional: an unwitting admission of guilt.

23

chary

adj.
1. Very cautious; wary.
2. Not giving or expending freely; sparing: was chary of compliments.

24

dilatory

adj.
1. Causing or intended to cause delay: dilatory tactics in the legislature.
2. Characterized by or given to delay or slowness: dilatory in his work habits.

25

prodigal

adj.
1. Rashly or wastefully extravagant: prodigal expenditures on unneeded weaponry; a prodigal nephew who squandered his inheritance.
2. Giving or given in abundance; lavish or profuse.