Chapter 20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 20 Deck (25):
1

perjury

n.
Law.
1. The crime of willfully and knowingly making a false statement about a material fact while under oath.
2. An act of committing such a crime: testimony full of perjuries.

2

ebullient

adj.
1. Zestfully enthusiastic.
2. Boiling or seeming to boil; bubbling.

3

garrulous

adj.
1. Given to excessive and often trivial or rambling talk; tiresomely talkative.
2. Wordy and rambling: a garrulous speech.

4

invidious

adj.
1. Tending to rouse ill will, animosity, or resentment: invidious accusations.
2. Offensive and unfair: invidious distinctions.
3. Arousing envy

5

moribund

adj.
1. Approaching death; about to die.
2. On the verge of becoming obsolete: moribund customs; a moribund way of life.

6

pernicious

adj.
1. Tending to cause death or serious injury; deadly: a pernicious virus.
2. Causing great harm; destructive: pernicious rumors.

7

strident

adj.
1. Loud, harsh, grating, or shrill: a strident voice.
2. Forcefully assertive or severely critical: strident rhetoric.

8

vociferous

adj.
Making, given to, or marked by noisy and vehement outcry.

9

gaunt

adj.
1. Thin or emaciated: gaunt face
2. Bleak or desolate: old gaunt houses

10

morose

adj.
Sullenly melancholy; gloomy.

11

persnickety

adj.
1.
a. Over particular about trivial details; fastidious; fussy.
b. Snobbish; pretentious.
2. Requiring strict attention to detail; demanding: a persnickety job.

12

ramification

n.
1. A development or consequence growing out of and sometimes complicating a problem, plan, or statement: the ramifications of a court decision.
2.
a. The act or process of branching out or dividing into branches.
b. A subordinate part extending from a main body; a branch.
c. An arrangement of branches or branching parts.

13

condone

v.
To overlook, forgive, or disregard (an offence) without protest or censure.

14

eclectic

adj.
1. Selecting or employing individual elements from a variety of sources, systems, or styles: an eclectic taste in music; an eclectic approach to managing the economy.
2. Made up of or combining elements from a variety of sources: an eclectic collection of artists and writers

15

irascible

adj.
1. Prone to outbursts of temper; easily angered.
2. Characterized by or resulting from anger.

16

voluble

adj.
Marked by a ready flow of speech; fluent.

17

bard

n.
1. One of an ancient Celtic order of minstrel poets who composed and recited verses celebrating the legendary exploits of chieftains and heroes.
2. A poet, especially a lyric poet.

18

edifice

n.
1. A building, especially one of imposing appearance or size.
2. An elaborate conceptual structure: edifice of evolutionary theory.

19

germane

adj.
Related to a matter at hand, especially to a subject under discussion; relevant.

20

ire

n.
Anger; wrath.

21

munificent

adj.
1. Very liberal in giving; generous: a munificent benefactor.
2. Showing great generosity: a munificent gift.

22

bastion

n.
1. A projecting part of a fortification.
2. A well-fortified position; fortress; stronghold.
3. One that upholds or defends something, as against neglect or unpopularity: a college that is a bastion of traditionalism.

23

conflagration

n.
A large destructive fire.

24

efface

v.
1. To rub or wipe out; erase
2. To remove or make indistinct: efface the people's memory
3. To conduct (oneself) inconspicuously

25

germinal

adj.
1. Of, relating to, or having the nature of a germ cell.
2. Of, relating to, or occurring in the earliest stage of development