Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

English Vocab > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (25):
1

acrid

adj.
1. Unpleasantly sharp, pungent, or bitter to the taste or smell.
2. Caustic in language or tone: an acrid political campaign.

2

boorish

adj.
Resembling or characteristic of a boor; rude and clumsy in behaviour.

3

epistle

n.
1. A letter, especially a formal one.
2. A literary composition in the form of a letter.

4

heresy

a. A controversial or unorthodox opinion or doctrine, as in politics, philosophy, or science.
b. Adherence to such controversial or unorthodox opinion.

5

lance

n.
A thrusting weapon with a long wooden shaft and a sharp metal head; spear, spike, javelin

6

terse

adj.
Brief and to the point; effectively concise

7

acrophobia

n.
An abnormal fear of high places.

8

debility

The state of being weak or feeble; infirmity.

9

epistolary

adj.
1. Of or associated with letters or the writing of letters.
2. Being in the form of a letter: epistolary exchanges.
3. Carried on by or composed of letters: an epistolary friendship.

10

languid

adj.
1.
a. Lacking energy or disinclined to exert effort; listless: feeling languid from a fever.
b. Slow-moving or weak in force: languid breezes.
2. Showing little or no vitality or animation: languid prose.
3. Characterized by or conducive to indolence or inactivity: a languid afternoon.

11

resplendent

adj.
Splendid or dazzling in appearance; brilliant.

12

acuity

n.
Acuteness of vision or perception; keenness.

13

braggart

n.
One given to loud, empty boasting; a bragger.

14

debunk

v.
To expose or ridicule the falseness, sham, or exaggerated claims of: debunk a supposed miracle drug.

15

hidebound

adj.
1. Stubbornly prejudiced, narrow-minded, or inflexible.
2. Having abnormally dry, stiff skin that adheres closely to the underlying flesh. Used of domestic animals such as cattle.
3. Having the bark so contracted and unyielding as to hinder growth. Used of trees.

16

languish

v.
1. To be or become weak or feeble; lose strength or vigor: crops languishing from a lack of rain.
2. To exist or continue in miserable or disheartening conditions: languished away in prison.
3. To remain unattended or be neglected: legislation that continued to languish in committee.
4. To become downcast or pine away in longing: languish apart from friends and family; languish for a change from dull routine.

17

obsequious

adj.
Servile, submissive

18

equivocate

v.
1. To use equivocal language in an attempt to mislead; to avoid telling the truth
2. To speak or write in an indecisive, ambiguous, or noncommittal manner

19

larceny

n.
The unlawful taking and removing of another's personal property with the intent of permanently depriving the owner; theft.

20

ponderous

adj.
1. Heavy
a. Slow and labored because of great bulk or weight
b. Difficult to maneuver or control because of great bulk or weight: ponderous luggage.
c. Slow or difficult to manage, especially because of complexity: ponderous legal procedures.
3. Dull and lacking grace or fluency: a ponderous speech.

21

timorous

adj.
Full of apprehensiveness; timid.

22

adroit

adj.
Quick and skillful in body or mind; deft.

23

largess

n.
1.
a. Liberality in bestowing gifts, especially in a lofty or condescending manner.
b. Money or gifts bestowed.
2. Generosity of spirit or attitude.

24

pontificate

1. To express opinions or judgments in a dogmatic or pompous way.
2. To administer the office of a pontiff.

25

reticent

adj.
1. Inclined to keep one's thoughts, feelings, and personal affairs to oneself.
2. Restrained or reserved