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Flashcards in Word Roots Deck (324):
1

a-, an-
Greek
anhydrous, atypical

without, not

2

ab-, a-, abs-
Latin
abnormal, abrasion, absent, abstain, abstraction, aversion

away from
"away"

3

acu-
Latin
acupuncture, acute, accurate

sharp or pointed

4

acerb-
Latin
acerbus

sharp, bitter, sour

5

acid-
Latin
acidosis

sour or acid

6

acr-
Greek
acrobatics, acromegaly, acronym, acrophobia

height, summit, tip

7

acr-, acri-
Latin
acer, acris
acrid, acrimony

bitter, pungent, sharp, sour

8

acu-
Latin
acupuncture, acute, acutifoliate

sharp

9

ad-, a-, ac-, af-, ag-, al-, ap-, ar-, as-, atm
Latin
accept, adapt, affect, approximate, ascend

movement to or toward; in addition to

10

adip-
Latin
adipose

fat

11

aer-
Greek
aeronautics, aerosol

air, atmosphere

12

aesthet-
Greek
aesthetics, anaesthetic

feeling, sensation

13

agr-
Greek
agronomy

field

14

agri-, -egri-
Latin
agriculture, peregrine

field

15

alb-
Latin
albedo, albino, albumen

dull white

16

am-, amat-, amor-
Latin
amateur, amorous, amiable, enamoured

love, loved

17

ambi-
Latin
ambidexterity, ambivalent

both, on both sides

18

amic-, -imic
Latin
amicable, inimical

friend

19

amph-, amphi-
Greek
amphibian, amphibolic, amphoterism

around, about, both, on both sides of, both kinds

20

ampl-
Latin
amplification

ample, abundant, bountiful

21

ana-, an-
Greek
anabaptist, anaphylaxis, anion, anode

again, against, back, up

22

andr-
Greek
androgen, android

male, masculine

23

anem-
Greek
anemometer

wind

24

anim-
Latin
animal, animation

breath

25

ann-, -enn-
Latin
anniversary, annual, biannual, millennium

year, yearly

26

ant-, anti-
Greek
antagonist, antibiotic, antipodes

against, opposed to, preventive

27

ante-, anti-
Latin
antebellum, antediluvian, anticipate, antiquarian

before, in front of, prior to

28

anth-
Greek
anther, anthology

flower

29

anthrop-
Greek
anthropology, anthropomorphic

human

30

ap-, apo-
Greek
apocrine, apogee, apostasy

away from, separate, at the farthest point

31

aqu-
Latin
aquamarine, aquarium, aqueduct, aquifer

water

32

ar-
Latin
arable

plow, till

33

ar-
Latin
arid

be dry

34

arche-, archi-
Greek
archangel, archetype

ruler

35

archae-, arche-
Greek
archaeology or archeology, archaic

ancient

36

arct-
Greek
Arctic Ocean

Relating to the North Pole or the region near it;
relating to cold; used as the scientific name of
some bear species, e.g. Ursus arctos horribilis

37

argent-
Latin
argent, Argentina

silver

38

arist-
Greek
aristocracy

excellence

39

arthr-
Greek
arthritis, arthropod

joint

40

astr-
Greek
asterisk, astrology, astronomy, disaster

star, star-shaped

41

athl-
Greek
athlete, pentathlon

prize

42

audi-
Latin
audible, auditorium, auditory

hearing, listening, sound

43

aug-, auct-
Latin
augend, augmentation

grow, increase

44

aur-
Latin
aureate, aureole

relating to gold, or gold-colored

45

auri-
Latin
auricle

relating to the ear

46

aut-, auto-
Greek
autograph, automobile, autonomy

self; directed from within

47

avi-
Latin
aviary, aviation

bird

48

axi-
Latin
axisymmetry

axis

49

axio-
Greek
axiology

merit

50

bac-
Latin
bacilla, bacteria

rod-shaped

51

bar-
Greek
barograph, barometer

weight, pressure

52

basi-
Greek
basic, basis

at the bottom

53

bathy-, batho-
Greek
batholith, bathyscaphe

deep, depth

54

be-, beat-
Latin
beatification

bless

55

bell-
Latin
antebellum, bellicose, belligerent

war

56

ben-
Latin
benefit, benignity

good, well

57

bi-
Latin
binary, binoculars, bigamy, biscotti

two

58

bib-
Latin
imbibe

drink

59

bibl-
Greek
bible, bibliography

book

60

bio-
Greek
biography, biology, biologist, biosphere, bioluminescent

life

61

blenn-
Greek
blennophobia, blennosperma

slime

62

blast-
Greek
blastula, fibroblast, osteoblast, sideroblast

germ, embryo, bud, cell with nucleus

63

bon-
Latin
bonify, bonitary

good

64

bor-
Greek / Latin
borealis

north

65

botan-
Greek
botany

plant

66

bov-
Latin
bovine

cow, ox

67

brachi-
Greek
brachial artery, brachiosaurus

arm

68

brachy-
Greek
brachydactyly

short

69

brady-
Greek
bradycardia

slow

70

branchi-
Greek
branchiopod, nudibranch

gill

71

brev(i)-
Latin
abbreviation, brevity

brief, short (time)

72

briz-
Greek

nod, slumber

73

brom-
Greek
Bromus ramosus

oats

74

brom-
Greek
bromide

stench

75

bronch-
Greek
bronchitis, bronchus, bronchiole

windpipe

76

bront-
Greek
Brontosaurus

thunder

77

bucc-
Latin
buccal, buccinator muscle

cheek, mouth, cavity

78

bulb-
Latin
bulbous, bulbule

bulbous

79

bull-
Latin
ebullient, ebullism

bubble, flask

80

burs-
Latin
bursa, bursar, bursary, disburse

pouch, purse

81

cac-
Greek
cacophony

bad

82

cad-, -cid-, cas-
Latin
accident, cadence, case

fall

83

caed-, -cid-, caes-, -cisc
Latin
caesura, incisor

cut

84

calc-
Latin and Greek
calcite, calcium, calculus

stone

85

call-, calli-
Greek
calligraphy

beautiful

86

calor-
Latin
calorie

heat

87

calyp-
Greek
apocalypse

cover

88

camer-
Latin
bicameral, camera

vault

89

camp-
Latin
champion, campaign

field

90

can-
Latin
canine, Canis Major

dog

91

can-, -cin-, cant-
Latin
cantata, canto, cantor

sing

92

cand-
Latin
candela, candid, candle, candor, incandescent, incendiary, incense

glowing, iridescent

93

cap-, -cip-, capt-, -cept
Latin
capture, captive, conception, recipient

hold, take

94

capit-, -cipit-
Latin
capital, decapitation, precipitation

head

95

capr-
Latin
Capricorn, caprine

goat

96

caps-
Latin
capsule

box, case

97

carbo-
Latin
carbon

coal

98

carcer-
Latin
incarceration

jail

99

carcin-
Latin from Greek
carcinogenic, carcinoma

cancer (disease)

100

cardi-
Greek
cardiograph, cardiology

relating to the heart

101

cardin-
Latin
cardinal

hinge

102

carn-
Latin
carnal, carnival, carnivore

flesh

103

carp-
Greek
carpology

relating to fruit

104

carp-
Greek
carpal, carpal tunnel syndrome

relating to the wrist

105

cast-
Latin
caste, castigate, castrate

pure

106

cata-, cat-
Greek
catabolic, catalyst, catastrophe, catatonia, cathode, cation

down

107

caten-
Latin
catenary, concatenation

chain

108

cathar-
Greek
catharsis

pure

109

caud-
Latin
caudal

tail

110

caus-, -cus-
Latin
causative

cause or motive

111

cav-
Latin
cave, cavity, excavation

hollow

112

ced-, cess-
Latin
ocession, recede, secede

go

113

celer-
Latin
acceleration, celerity

quick

114

cen-
Greek
Cenozoic

new

115

cen-
Greek
cenotaph

empty

116

cens-
Latin
census

estimate (?)

117

cent-
Latin
cent, centennial, centurion

hundred

118

centen-
Latin
centenary

hundred each

119

centesim-
Latin
centesimal, centesimation

hundredth

120

centr-
Greek
eccentric

center

121

cephal-
Greek
cephalic, cephalopod, encephalogram

head

122

ceram-
Greek
ceramic

clay

123

cerat-
Greek
keratin

horn

124

cern-
Latin
discern, secern

sift

125

cervic-
Latin
cervix, cervical

relating to the neck, relating to the cervix

126

ceter-
Latin
et cetera

other

127

chir-
Greek
chiral, chiropractic, chiroptera

of the hand or hands

128

chelon-
Greek
chelonia

relating to a turtle

129

chlor-
Greek
chlorine, chlorophyll, chloroplast

green

130

chore-
Greek
choreography

relating to dance

131

chord-
Latin and Greek
chordata

cord

132

chrom-
Greek
chromium, chromosome, monochrome

color

133

chron-
Greek
chronic, chronology, chronometer

time

134

chrys-
Greek
chrysolite

gold

135

cili-
Latin
cilia, supercilious

eyelash

136

cine-
Greek
cinema

motion

137

ciner-
Latin
incineration

ash

138

cing-, cinct-
Latin'
succinct

gird

139

circ-
Latin
circus

circle

140

circum-
Latin
circumcise, circumference, circumlocution, circumnavigate

around

141

cirr-
Greek
cirrhosis

orange

142

cirr-
Latin
cirrus

curl, tentacle

143

civ-
Latin
civility

citizen

144

clad-
Greek
clade

branch

145

clar-
Latin
clarity, declaration

clear

146

clast-
Greek
iconoclast, osteoclast

broken

147

claud-, -clud-, claus-, -clusc
Latin
clause, exclusion, include

close

148

clav-
Greek
clavichord, clavicle, conclave

key

149

cl(e)ist-
Greek

closed

150

cleithr-
Greek
cleithrum

bar, key

151

clement-
Latin
clemency, inclement

mild

152

clin-
Latin
declination, inclined

bed, lean, recline

153

cochl-
Greek
cochlea

shell

154

coel-
Greek
blastocoel, coelom, spongocoel

hollow

155

cogn-
Latin
cognitive, cognizant, recognize

know

156

col-
Latin
colander

strain

157

coll-
Latin
colline

hill

158

coll-
Latin
collar

neck

159

color-
Latin
coloration, coloratura, tricolor

color

160

con-, co-, col-, com-, cor-
Latin
coagulate, collide, compress, connect, contain, corrode

with, together

161

con-
Greek
conic, conical, conoid

cone

162

condi-
Latin
condiment

season

163

contra-
Latin
contradiction, contrast

against

164

copr-
Greek
coprolite, coprophagia, coprophilia

dung

165

corac-
Greek
coracoid

raven

166

cord-
Latin
accord, cordial

heart

167

corn-
Latin
cornea, cornucopia, unicorn

horn

168

coron-
Latin
corona, coronation

crown

169

corpor-
Latin
corporation, corpse, corpuscle

body

170

cortic-
Latin
corticosteriod

bark

171

cosm-
Greek
cosmic, cosmonaut

universe

172

cosmet-
Greek
cosmetics, cosmetology

?

173

cost-
Latin
costal

rib

174

cotyl-
Greek
cotyledon

cup

175

-cracy, -crat
Greek
democracy

government, rule, authority

176

crani-
Greek
cranium

skull

177

crass-
Latin
crassitude

thick

178

cre-
Latin
creation, creature

make

179

cred-
Latin
credentials, credibility, creditor, incredible

believe, trust

180

crep-
Greek

boot, shoe

181

cribr-
Latin
cribble, cribrate

sieve

182

cris-, crit-
Greek
crisis, critic

judge

183

crisp-
Latin
crispate

curled

184

crist-
Latin
cristate

crest

185

cross-
Greek

fringe, tassel

186

cruc-
Latin
crucial, crucifix, crucify, excruciating

cross

187

crur-
Latin
crural

leg, shank

188

crypt-
Greek
cryptic, cryptography

hidden

189

cten-
Greek
ctenophore

comb

190

cub-
Greek
cubic, cuboid

cube

191

cub-
Latin
incubation, succuba

lie

192

culin-
Latin
culinary

kitchen

193

culp-
Latin
culpable, exculpate

blame, fault

194

cune-
Latin
cuneiform

wedge

195

curr-, curs-
Latin
concurrent, current, cursive, recursion

run

196

curv-
Latin
curvature

bent

197

cuspid-
Latin
bicuspid

lance, point

198

cut-
Latin
cuticle

skin

199

cyan-
Greek
cyanide

blue

200

cycl-
Greek
bicycle, cycle, cyclone

circular

201

cylind-
Greek
cylinder

roll

202

cyn-
Greek
cynosure

dog

203

cyst-
Greek
cystic

capsule

204

cyt-
Greek
cytoplasm, cnidocyte

cell

205

dactyl-
Greek
dactylology, pterodactyl

finger, toe, digit

206

damn-, -demn
Latin
condemn, damnation

to inflict loss upon

207

de-
Latin
deletion, dementia, descend

from, away from, removing, down

208

deb-
Latin
debit

owe

209

deca-, dec-, deka-, dekt
Greek
decagram, decahedron

ten

210

decim-
Latin
decimal, decimate

tenth part

211

delt-
Greek
deltoid

-

212

dem-
Greek
demagogue, democracy

people

213

den-
Latin
denarius, denary

ten each

214

dendr-
Greek
dendrite, dendrochronology

resembling a tree

215

dens-
Latin
condense, density

thick

216

dent-
Latin
dental, dentifrice, dentures

tooth

217

derm-
Greek
dermis, epidermis, hypodermic

skin

218

deuter-
Greek
Deuteronomy, deuterostome

second

219

dexter-
Latin
dexterity, dextrose

right

220

dexi-
Greek
Dexiarchia

right

221

di-
Greek
dicot, diode, dipole

two

222

dia-
Greek
dialysis, diameter, diagram

apart, through

223

dict-
Latin
contradict, dictate, dictation, dictionary, edict, predict

say, speak

224

digit-
Latin
digital

finger

225

dino-
Greek
dinosaur

terrible, fearfully great

226

dipl-
Greek
diploid, diplosis

double; twofold

227

doc-, doct-
Latin
docile, doctor, indoctrinate

teach

228

dodec-
Greek
dodecasyllabic

twelve

229

dogmat-, dox-
Greek
dogmatic, orthodox

opinion, tenet

230

dom-
Latin
dome

house

231

don-
Latin
condone, donation

give

232

dorm-
Latin
dormant, dormitory

sleep

233

dors-
Latin
dorsal

back

234

du-
Latin
dual

two

235

dub-
Latin
dubious

doubtful

236

duc-,
Latin
abduct, conduct, introduce, produce,
reducte, deduce

to lead, take, bring

237

dulc-
Latin
dulcet

sweet

238

dur-
Latin
durable, duration, duress, endure, obdurate

hard

239

dy-
Greek
dyad

two

240

dynam-
Greek
dynamism, dynasty, dynamite

power

241

dys-
Greek
dysentery, dysplasia, dystrophy

badly, ill

242

ec-
Greek
eccentric

out

243

eco-
Greek
ecology, economics, ecumenism

house

244

ecto-
Greek
ectoderm

outside

245

ed-, es-
Latin
edible

eat

246

ego-
Latin, Greek
egocentric

self, I (first person)

247

ego-, eg-
Greek
egophony

goat

248

em-, empt-
Latin
exemption, preempt, redeem

buy

249

eme-
Greek
emetic

vomit

250

emul-
Latin
emulator

striving to equal, rivaling

251

en-, em-
Greek
emphasis

in

252

endo-
Greek
endocrine, endocytosis

inside

253

engy-
Greek

narrow

254

ennea-
Greek
ennead, enneagon

nine

255

ens-
Latin

sword

256

eo-, eos-, eoso-
Greek
Eocene

dawn, east

257

ep-, epi-
Greek
epicenter, epitaph, epoch

upon

258

epistem-
Greek
epistemic

knowledge or science

259

equ-, -iqu-
Latin
equal, equivalence

even, level

260

equ-
Latin
equestrian

horse

261

erg-
Greek
ergonomics

work

262

err-
Latin
aberration, errant

stray

263

erythr-
Greek
erythrocyte

red

264

eso-
Greek
esoteric

within

265

etho-, eth-, ethi-
Greek
ethology

custom, habit

266

ethm-
Greek
ethmoid

sieve

267

ethn-
Greek
ethnarch, ethnic

people, race, tribe, nation

268

etym-
Greek
etymology

true

269

eu-
Greek
euphoria, euthanasia

well, good

270

eur-
Greek
Europe

wide

271

ex-, e-, ef-
Latin
exclude, extend, extrude

from, out

272

exo-
Greek
exoskeleton, exothermic

outside

273

exter-, extra-
Latin
exterior

outer

274

extrem-
Latin
extremity, extremophile

outermost, utmost

275

fa-, fat-
Latin
fate, infant, preface

say, speak

276

fab-
Latin
faba bean

bean

277

ali, allo, alter
alias, alibi, alien, alloy, alter, alter ego, altruism

other

278

-gress
digress, progress, transgress

walk

279

-ject
eject, inject, interject, project, reject, subject

throw

280

fac-, -fic-, fact, -fect-
Latin
defect, factory, manufacture

make

281

falc-
Latin
falciform

sickle

282

fall-, -fell-, fals-
Latin
falsity, infallibility

deceive

283

fallac-
Latin
fallacy

false

284

famili-
Latin
familiarity

a close attendant

285

fant-
Greek
fantasy

to show

286

fasc-
Latin
fasciculation, fascism

bundle

287

fatu-
Latin
fatuous, infatuation

foolish, useless

288

feder-
Latin
confederation, federal

treaty, agreement, contract, league, pact

289

fel-
Latin
Felinae, feline

cat

290

felic-
Latin
felicity

happy, merry

291

fell-
Latin
fellation

suck

292

femin-
Latin
femininity

women, female

293

femor-
Latin
femoral

thigh

294

fend-, fens-
Latin
defend, offense

strike

295

fenestr-
Latin
defenestration

window

296

fer-
Latin
reference, transfer

carry

297

feroc-
Latin
ferocity

fierce

298

ferr-
Latin
ferrous

iron

299

fet-
Latin
fetid, fetor

stink

300

fic-
Latin
Ficus

fig

301

fid-, fis-
Latin
confidence, fidelity

faith, trust

302

fil-
Latin
filament

thread

303

fili-
Latin
affiliation

son

304

fin-
Latin
finish, final

end

305

find-, fiss-
Latin
fission, fissures

split

306

firm-
Latin
confirmation, firmament

fix, settle

307

fistul-
Latin
fistula

hollow, tube

308

fl-
Latin
flatulence, inflation, insufflation

blow

309

flacc-
Latin
flaccid

flabby

310

flav-
Latin
flavonoid

yellow

311

flect-, flex-
Latin
flexible, flexile, flexor, inflection

bend

312

flig-, flict-
Latin
conflict, inflict

strike

313

flor-
Latin
floral, florid

flower

314

flu-, flux-
Latin
effluent, fluency, influx

flow

315

foc-
Latin
focal

hearth

316

fod-, foss-
Latin
fossil

dig

317

foli-
Latin
defoliant

leaf

318

font-
Latin
font, fontal, fontanelle

spring

319

for-
Latin
foralite, foramen, foraminifer, perforation

bore, drill

320

form-
Latin
conformity, deformity, formation, reformatory

shape

321

fornic-
Latin
fornication

vault

322

fort-
Latin
fortification

strong

323

fove-
Latin
fovea

shallow round depression

324

frang-, -fring-, fract-, frag-
Latin
fracture, fragment, frangible, infringe

break