Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

English Vocab > Chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (25):
1

deride

v.
To laugh at, speak of, or write about dismissively or contemptuously; to ridicule.

2

loquacious

adj.
Very talkative; garrulous.

3

ordain

v.
1.
a. To invest with ministerial or priestly authority; confer holy orders on: ordain a priest.
b. To authorize as a rabbi.
2. To order or decree by virtue of superior authority: The management ordained that business attire should be worn in the office at all times.
3. To prearrange unalterably; predestine: events that were ordained by fate.

4

precinct

n.
1.
a. A subdivision or district of a city or town under the jurisdiction of or patrolled by a specific unit of its police force.
b. The police station situated in and having jurisdiction over such a district.
2. An election district of a city or town.
3. often precincts
a. A place or enclosure marked off by definite limits, such as walls: the mysterious precincts of the old monastery.
b. A boundary: Hunting is not allowed within the precincts of the estate.
4. The neighborhood or surrounding area; the environs.
5. An area of thought or action; a province or domain: "It was in these spacious precincts that Dryden's imagination was most at home"

5

sallow

adj.
Of a sickly yellowish hue or complexion.

6

cantankerous

adj.
1. Ill-tempered and quarrelsome; disagreeable: disliked her cantankerous landlord.
2. Difficult to handle e.g. liquid helium

7

derogatory

adj.
1. Disparaging; belittling: a derogatory comment.
2. Tending to detract or diminish.

8

impecunious

adj.
Having little or no money.

9

lucid

adj.
1. Clearly expressed; easily understood: a lucid analysis of the problem.
2. Thinking or expressing oneself clearly, especially between periods of confusion; clearheaded: The feverish patient was lucid now and then.
3. Brightly lit; luminous e.g. moon
4. Clear; transparent: a lucid stream.

10

ornate

adj.
1. Elaborately, heavily, and often excessively ornamented.
2. Elaborate or showy, as in style: ornate rhetoric.

11

salubrious

adj.
Conducive or favorable to health or well-being.

12

capacious

adj.
Capable of containing a large quantity; spacious or roomy: a capacious office building.

13

desecrate

v.
To violate the sacredness of; profane.

14

impious

adj.
1. Lacking reverence; not pious.
2. Lacking due respect or dutifulness: impious toward one's parents.

15

precipitous

adj.
1. Resembling a precipice; extremely steep.
2. Having several precipices: a precipitous bluff.
3. Extremely rapid, hasty, or abrupt; precipitate: a precipitous collapse in prices.

16

salutary

adj.
1. Effecting or designed to effect an improvement; remedial: salutary advice.
2. Favorable to health; wholesome: a salutary climate.

17

capitulate

v.
1. To surrender under specified conditions: The garrison capitulated after the bombardment.
2. To give up all resistance; acquiesce: capitulate to the pressure of public opinion.

18

exonerate

v.
1. To free from blame.
2. To free from a responsibility, obligation, or task.

19

ossify

v.
1. To change into bone; become bony.
2. To become set in a rigidly conventional pattern: "The central ideas of liberalism have ossified"

20

preclude

v.
1. To make impossible, as by action taken in advance; prevent.
2. To exclude or prevent (someone) from a given condition or activity: Modesty precludes me from accepting the honor.

21

sanctimony

n.
Righteousness accompanied by an unwarranted attitude of moral or social superiority; smug or hypocritical righteousness.

22

carping

adj.
Naggingly critical or complaining.
n.
Constant criticism.

23

desist

v.
To cease doing something.

24

lummox

n.
informal.
A clumsy or stupid person.

25

ostentation

n.
Pretentious display meant to impress others; pretentious showiness.