Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (60):
1

Amblyopia

Dimness of vision or partial loss of sight without detectable disease

2

Ametropia

Any error of refraction in which images do not focus properly on the retina

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Anisocoria

Pupils are uneven in size

4

Astigmatism

The eye does not focus properly because of uneven curvatures of the cornea

5

Barotrauma

Pressure related ear condition

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Blepharoptosis

Drooping of eyelid due to paralysis

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Cataract

The loss of transparency of the lens of the eye

8

Chalazion

A nodule or cyst usually on the upper eyelid caused by an obstruction of a sebaceous gland

9

Cochlear implant

An electronic device that bypasses the damaged portions of the ear and directly stimulates the auditory nerve

10

Conjunctivitis

Inflammation of the conjunctiva usually caused by an infection/allergy

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Dacryoadenitis

Inflammation of the lacrimal gland that can be caused by a bacterial viral and fungal infection

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Dilopia

The perception of two images of a single object

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Ectropion

The eve version of the eyelid

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Emmetropia

Normal relationship between the reflective power of the eye and shape

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Esotropia

Strabismus characterized by an inward deviation of 1/both eyes

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Entropion

The inversion of the edge of an eyelid

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Eustachitis

Inflammation of eustachian tube

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Exotropia

Strabismus characterized by the outward deviation of one Eye relative to the other

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Florescein

Application of fluorescent dye to the surface of the eye

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Glaucoma

Group of diseases characterized by increased intraocular pressure that causes damage to the optic nerve and retinal fibers

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Hemianopia

Blindness in one half of the visual field

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Hordeolum

Pus-filled lesion on the eyelid resulting from infection in the sebaceous gland

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Hyperopia

A vision defect in which light rays focus to be on the retina farsightedness

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Infectious Myringitis

Inflammation that causes painful blisters in the eardrum

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Iridectomy

Surgical removal of portions of the iris used to treat angle glaucoma

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Iritis

Inflammation of uvea primarily affecting structures in front of Eye

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Keratitis

Inflammation of cornea

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Labyrinthectomy

Surgical removal of all/part of labyrinth – relieve stress vertigo

29

Laser tubercularplasty

Treat open angle glaucoma by openings in the trabecular meshwork to allow fluid to drain

30

Mastoidectomy

Surgical removal of mastoid cells – used to prepare for cochlear implant

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Myopia

A defect in which light rays focus in front of the retina

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Myringotomy

Small surgical incision in the eardrum to relieve pressure from excess pus or fluid or to create opening for ear tubes

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Nyctalopia

Condition where an individual with normal daytime vision has difficulty seeing at night

34

Nystagmus

Involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball

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Ophthalmoscopy

Examination of the fundus with ophthalmoscope – Dilation required

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Optometrist

Treats and corrects vision impairment

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Otitis media

Inflammation of middle ear

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Otomycosis

Swimmers ear – fungal infection of external auditory canal

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Otopyorrhea

Flow of pus from ear

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Otorrhagia

Bleeding from ear

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Otosclerosis

anklyosis of bones in middle ear, resulting in conductive hearing loss

42

Papilledema

Inflammation of optic nerve at the point of entrance into the eyes through the optic disk

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Periorbital edema

Swelling of the tissues surrounding the eye

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Presbycusis

Gradual hearing loss as body ages

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Prebyopia

Condition of, changes in the eye

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Pterygium

Growth that develops on the conjunctiva or mucous membrane

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Radial keratotomy

Procedure used to treat myopia

48

Retinopexy

Reattach the detached retina detachment

49

Scleritis

Inflammation of the sclera of the eye

50

Stapedectomy

Anklyosis of bones of middle ear, resulting in conductive hearing loss

51

Strabismus

When eyes point in different directions or not aligned correctly because Eye muscles are unable to focus together

52

Tarsorrhaphy

Partial/complete surgical suturing of eyelids paralyzed

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Tinnitus

Condition of ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in one or both ears

54

Tonometry

Measure of intraocular pressure

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Tympanometry

Use of air pressure in ear canal to test for disorders of middle ear

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Tympanostomy

Surgical incision to restore Eye function

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Vertigo

Sense of whirling dizziness, loss of balance, can cause nausea and vomiting

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Vitrectomy

Removal of vitreous fluid and it's replacement with a clear solution

59

Xerophthalmia

Dry eyes, including conjunctiva

60

Adnexa

Supporting structures of the eye