Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (53):
1

Anastomosis

Surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures

2

Anorexia nervosa

Eating disorder characterized by false perception of body appearance that leads to refusal to maintain normal body weight

3

Antiemetic

Medication administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting

4

Aphthous ulcers

Gray white pits with a red border in the soft tissue lining of the mouth

5

Ascites

Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity

6

Bariatrics

Branch of medication for prevention and control of obesity and associated diseases

7

Borborygmus

Rumbling noise caused by movement of gas in the intestine

8

Bulimia nervosa

Eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting

9

Cachexia

Physical wasting away due to loss in weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS

10

Cheilosis

disorder of the lips characterized by crack like sores at corners of the mouth

11

Cholangiography

Radiographic examination of bile ducts with use of a contrast medium

12

Cholangitis

An acute inflammation of the bile duct characterized by pain in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen fever jaundice

13

Cholecysectomy

Surgical removal of the gallbladder

14

Cholecytitis

Inflammation of the gallbladder that is usually associated with gallstones

15

Choledocholithotomy

Incision in the common bile duct for removal of gallstones

16

Cholelithiasis

Presence of gallstones in gallbladder or bile ducts

17

Cirrhosis

Chronic degenerative disease of liver characterized by scarring

18

Colonoscopy

Direct visual examination of inner surface of colon from rectum to cecum

19

Crohn's disease

Chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in digestive tract

20

Diverticulitis

Inflammation of one or more diverticula in the wall of colon

21

Diverticulosis

Chronic presence of an abnormal number of diverticula in the wall of the colon

22

Dyspepsia

Pain or discomfort in digestion

23

Dysphagia

Difficulty in swallowing

24

Emesis

Reflex ejection of stomach contents outward through mouth

25

Enteritis

Inflammation of small intestines caused by eating or drinking substances contaminated with viral or bacterial pathogens

26

Eructation

The act of belching or raising gas orally from stomach

27

Esophageal varices

Enlarged and swollen veins at lower end of esophagus

28

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

Endoscopic examination of upper G.I. Tract

29

Gastroduodenostomy

Establishment of an anastomosis between the upper portion of the stomach and duodenum

30

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

Upward flow of acid from stomach into esophagus

31

Gastrostomy tube

Surgically placed feeding tube from exterior of body directly into stomach

32

Hematemesis

Vomiting of blood

33

Hemoccult test

Laboratory test for hidden blood in stools

34

Hepatitis

Inflammation of liver

35

Herpes labialis

Blister like sores on lips caused by HSV-1

36

Hiatal hernia

Protrusion of part of stomach through an opening in the diaphragm

37

Hyperemesis

Extreme persistent vomiting that can cause dehydration

38

Ileus

Partial/complete blockage of small and/or large intestine

39

Inguinal hernia

Protrusion of small loop of bowel through weak place in the lower abdominal wall or groin

40

Jaundice

Yellow discoloration of skin mucous membranes and eyes

41

Melena

Passage of black, tarry, foul-smelling stools

42

Morbid obesity

Condition of weighing two or more times the ideal weight or having a body mass index greater than 40

43

Nasogastric intubation

Placement of a tube through the nose into stomach

44

Proctopexy

Surgical fixation of a prolapsed rectum to an adjacent tissue or organ

45

Obesity

Excessive accumulation of fat in the body

46

Regurgitation

Return of solid food into the mouth

47

Salmonellosis

Infectious disease transmitted by feces either through direct contact or by eating raw/undercooked food

48

Sigmoidoscopy

Endoscopic examination of interior of rectum, sigmoid colon, and possibly portion of descending colon

49

Trismus

Any restriction to the opening of the mouth, caused by trauma, surgery, or radiation associated with treatment of oral cancer

50

Ulcerative colitis

Chronic condition of unknown cause in which repeated episodes of inflammation in the rectum and large intestine cause ulcers and irritation

51

Volvulus

Twisting of the Intestine on itself, causing an obstruction

52

Xerostomia

Lack of adequate saliva due to diminished secretions by salivary glands

53

Aerophagia

Excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking