Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (56):
1

Albinism

Genetic condition characterized by deficiency/absence of pigment in skin, hair, nails

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Alopecia

Baldness – partial or complete loss

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Blepharoplasty

Lid lift surgical repair of Eyelid

4

Bulla

Blister larger than .5 cm

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Carbuncle

Cluster of connected furuncles/boils

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Cellulitis

Acute, rapid spreading infection within connective tissue's swelling warmth red streaks

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Cholasma

Mask of pregnancy – brownish spots on face

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Cicatrix

Normal scar from a wound healing

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Comedo

Noninfected lesion formed by the build up of sebum and Keratin and a hair follicle

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Debridement

Removal of dirt and foreign objects from wound to help heal

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Dermatitis

Inflammation of skin

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Ecchymosis

Bruise – large irregular area of purpleish skin

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Eczema

Form of persistent/recurring dermatitis

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Erythema

Redness of the skin due to capillary dilation

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Erythroderma

Abnormal redness of entire skin surface

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Exfoliative dermatitis

Widespread scaling of skin often with prutitus, erythroderma, and hair loss

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Folliculitis

Inflammation of hair follicles

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Furuncles

Boils – large, tender caused by staphylococcal infection

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Granuloma

Small knot

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Hematoma

Usually caused by injury – swelling of clotted blood

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Hirsutism

Presence of excessive body/facial hair in women

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Itchthyosis

Group of hereditary disorders characterized by dry, thick, scaly skin

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Impetigo

Highly contagious bacterial skin infection – usually in children

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Keloid

Abnormally raised/thickened scar

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Keratosis

Any skin growth

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Kolionychia

Spoon nail – outer surface of nail is concave or spoon

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Lipedema

Painful fat syndrome – accumulation of fat/fluids beneath skin

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Lipoma

Benign, slow-growing fatty tumor between skin and muscle layer

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Macule

Macula disc colored flat, spot less than 1 cm- freckles

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Malignant melanoma

Occurs in melanocytes – most serious, change in size, shape, color of mole

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Necrotizing fasciitis

Severe infection caused by group a strep bacteria can result in death

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Onchyocryptosis

Ingrown toenail

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Onchyomycosis

Fungal infection of nail

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Papilloma

Benign wartlike growth on epithelial tissue

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Papule

Small, raised red lesion – small insect bites or pimples, less than .5 cm

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Paronchyia

Acute or chronic infection of skin fold around nail

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Pediculosis

Infestation w lice

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Petichiae

Very small pinpoint hemorrhages less than 2 mm

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Prutitus

Itching

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Psoriasis

Common skin disorder where red papules covered by silvery scales occur on the elbows, knees, butt, scalp, or back

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Purpura

Appearance of multiple purple discoloration's on skin

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Purulent

Producing or containing pus

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Rhytidectomy

Facelift – surgical removal of excess fat and skin around face too eliminate wrinkles

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Rosacea

Adult acne – tiny pimples of broken blood vessel's

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Scabies

Skin infection caused by infestation

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Scleroderma

Auto immune disorder in which a connective tissue's thicken/harden

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Seborrhea

Overactivity of sebaceous glands results in production of an excessive amount of sebum

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Squamous cell carcinoma

Malignant tumor and scaly Squamous cell's of epithelium – will not heal

49

Strawberry hemangioma

Soft, raised, dark reddish, birthmark – most resolve by age 5

50

Tinea

Ringworm – fungal infection I can grow on skin, hair, nails

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Urticaria

Hives – itchy wheals caused by allergy reaction

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Verrucae

Warts – small, hard, skin lesions caused by HPV

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Vitiligo

Destruction of melanocytes – patches of white skin

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Wheal

Welts – small itchy bump

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Xeroderma

Excessive dry skin

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Actinic keratosis

Pre-cancerous growth, may look red/scaly