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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (55):
1

Alzheimers disease

A group of disorders involving parts of the brain that control thought memory and language

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Amytropic lateral sclerosis

Rapidly progressive neurological disease that attacks the nerve cells responsible for controlling voluntary muscles

3

Anesthetic

Medication used to induce anesthesia

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Anesthetist

Specializes in administering anethesia not a physician

5

Anxiety disorder

Mental conditions characterized by excessive irrational dread of every day situations

6

Autism

A subgroup of autistic spectrum disorders

7

Bell's Palsy

Temporary paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve that causes paralysis only on affected side of face

8

Causalgia

Persistent severe burning pain that usually follows an injury to a sensory nerve

9

Cerebral contusion

Bruising of her brain tissue is the result of a head injury that causes the brain to bounce against skull

10

Cerebral palsy

Condition characterized by poor muscle control spasticity and other neurologic deficiencies

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Cerebrovascular accident

Damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted

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Cervical radiculopathy

Nerve pain caused by pressure on the spinal nerve roots in the neck region

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Claustrophobia

Abnormal fear of being in small enclosed spaces

14

Cognition

Mental activities associated with thinking learning and memory

15

Coma

A deep state of unconsciousness marked by the absence of spontaneous I movement no response to painful stimuli and no vocalization

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Concussion

Violent shaking up or jarring of the brain

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Cranial hematoma

Collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the brain

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Delirium

Acute condition of confusion disorientation disordered thinking hallucinations

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Delusion

False personal believe that is maintained despite obvious proof

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Delirium tremens

Disorder involving sudden and severe mental changes or seizures caused by abruptly stopping use of alohol

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Dementia

Slowly progressive decline in mental abilities including memory thinking and judgment

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Dura matter

Thick tough outer layer on the inner surface of cranium

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Dyslexia

Learning disability characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the inability of the brain to process symbols

24

Electroencephalography

The use of ultrasound imaging to create a detailed visual image of the brain for diagnostic purposes

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Encephalitis

Inflammation of the brain

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Epidural anesthesia

Regional anesthesia produced by injecting medication into the epidural space of lumbar/sacral region of spine

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Epilepsy

Chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures of varying severity

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Factitious disorder

Condition where person acts as if he or she has a physical/mental illness when he or she is not really sick

29

Guillan Barre syndrome

Inflammation of Myelin sheath of peripheral nerves rapidly worsening muscle weakness that may lead to temporary paralysis

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Hallucination

Sensory perception experienced in the absence of an external stimulation

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Hemorrhagic stroke

Damage to the brain that occurs when the blood vessel in the brain leaks

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Hydrocephalus

Condition in which cerebrospinal fluid accumulates within the ventricles of the brain

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Hyperesthesia

Condition in which an abnormal amount and excessive sensitivity to touch pain or other sensory stimuli

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Hypochondriasis

Condition characterized by fearing that one has a serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance

35

Ischemic stroke

Damage that occurs when the flow of the blood to the brain is blocked by the narrowing of a carotid artery

36

Lethargy

Lower level of consciousness marked by listlessness drowsiness and apathy

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Meningitis

Inflammation of the meninges in the brain and spinal cord

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Meningocele

Congenital herniation of meninges through the defect in the skull spinal column

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Migraine

Headache characterized by throbbing pain on one side of the head and may be predicted by warning aura

40

Multiple sclerosis

Progressive autoimmune the disorder characterized by the inflammation that causes demyelination of Myelin sheath

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Myelography

Radiographic study of the spinal cord after injection of a contrast medium through a lumbar puncture

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Narcolepsy

Sleep disorder consisting of sun and then uncontrollable brief episodes of falling asleep during the day

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Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Mental condition characterized by obsessions/compulsions

44

Panic attack

Unexpected sudden experience of fear in the absence of danger shortness of breath and chest pain

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Paresthesia

Burning/prickling sensation usually felt in the hands arms legs or feet

46

Parkinson's disease

Chronic degenerative central nervous system disorder characterized by fine muscle tremors rigidity and slower shuffling gait

47

Peripheral neuropathy

Disorder of peripheral nerves that carry info to and from the brain and spinal cord producing pain, loss of sensation, and inability to control muscles

48

Post traumatic stress disorder

Development of characteristic symptoms after a major traumatic event

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Reyes syndrome

Potentially serious/deadly disorder in children including vomiting and confusion sometimes following a viral illness for which they had aspirin

50

Schizophrenia

Psychotic disorder characterized by withdrawal from reality illogical patterns of thinking delusions and hallucinations

51

Sciatica

Inflammation of sciatic nerve's results in pain burning tingling a long course of affected nerve

52

Shaken baby syndrome

Describes the results of a child being violently shaken by someone

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Syncope

Brief loss of consciousness caused by decreased flow of blood to brain

54

Trigeminal neuralgia

Inflammation of fifth cranial nerve characterized by sudden intense brief attacks of sharp pain on one side of the face

55

Acrophobia

Excessive fear of heights