Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (59):
1

Amniocentesis

Surgical puncture to remove amniotic fluid to evaluate fetal health and diagnosed certain congenital disorders

2

Andropause

Marked by decrease of male hormone testosterone, gradually beginning in the late 40s and progressing gradually over several decades

3

Apgar score

Evaluation of newborn infants physical status

4

Azoospermia

Absence of sperm in the semen

5

Cervical dysplasia

The presence of precancerous changes in the cells that make up the inner lining of the cervix

6

Cervicitis

Inflammation of the cervix

7

Chlamydia

Sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis

8

Chorionic villus sampling

Examination of cells retrieved from the chorionic villi between eighth and 10th weeks of pregnancy

9

Colostrum

The first secretion from the mammory glands after giving birth

10

Colopexy

Surgical fixation of the vagina to a surrounding structure

11

Colporrhaphy

Surgical suturing of a tear in the vagina

12

Colposcopy

Direct visual examination of the tissues of cervix and vagina

13

Dysmenorrhea

Pain caused by uterine cramps during a menstrual period

14

Eclampsia

During pregnancy, a more serious form of preeclampsia characterized by convulsions and sometimes,

15

Ectopic pregnancy

Condition where fertilized egg is implanted and begins to develop outside of uterus

16

Endocervicitis

Inflammation of mucous membrane lining of the cervix

17

Endometriosis

Condition where patches of endometrial tissue escape the uterus and become attached other structures in the pelvic cavity

18

Epididymitis

Inflammation of the epididymis

19

Episiotomy

Surgical incision made into the perineum to enlarge the vaginal orifice to prevent tearing of the tissues as infant moves out of birth canal

20

Fibroadenoma

Round, rubbery, firm mass that arises from excess growth of glandular and connective tissue in the breast

21

Fibrocystic breast disease

The presence of single or multiple benign cysts in the breasts

22

Galactorrhea

The production of breastmilk in women who are not breast-feeding

23

Hemospermia

Blood in the semen

24

Hydrocele

Fluid filled sac in the scrotum along the spermatic cord leading from the testicles

25

Hypomenorrhea

An unusually small amount of menstrual flow during a shortened regular menstrual period

26

Hysterectomy

Surgical removal of the uterus

27

Hysteroscopy

Direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus and fallopian tubes

28

Leukorrhea

A profuse whitish mucus discharge from the uterus and vagina

29

Mastalgia

Pain in the breast

30

Mastopexy

Surgery to affix sagging breasts in a more elevated position

31

Myopia

A defect in which light rays focus in front of the retina

32

Menarche

The first occurrence of menstruation

33

Menometrorrhagia

Excess of uterine bleeding occurring both during the menses and at other irregular intervals

34

Metrorrhea

An abnormal discharge, such as mucus or pus, from the uterus

35

Neonate

A newborn child

36

Nulligravida

Woman who has never been pregnant

37

Nullipara

Woman who was never born a viable child

38

Obstetrician

Specializes in providing medical care to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and thereafter

39

Oligomenorrgea

Light or in frequent menstruation in a woman with previously normal periods

40

Orchidectomy

Surgical removal of one or both testicles

41

Orchiopexy

Repair of an undescended testicle

42

Ovariectomy

Surgical removal of an ovary

43

Ovariorrhexis

Rupture of an ovary

44

Perimenopause

The period of the woman's life shortly before the occurrence of menopause

45

Peyronie's disease

Form of sexual dysfunction where a penis is bent or curved during erection

46

Placenta previa

Abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus

47

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Condition caused by hormonal imbalance where the ovaries are enlarged by presence of many cysts formed bike and completely developed follicles

48

Preeclampsia

Compilation of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, Edema, and proteinuria

49

Priapism

Painful erection that lasts four hours or more, not accompanied by sexual excitement

50

Primigravida

Woman during her first pregnancy

51

Primapara

Woman who has borne one viable child

52

Pruritus vulvae

Severe itching of the external female genitalia

53

Salpingo-oophorectomy

Surgical removal of a fallopian tube and ovary

54

Syphilis

Sexually-transmitted disease that is caused by the bacterium chip treponema palladium

55

Trichomoniasis

Sexually transmitted infection caused by the parasite trichomonas vaginalis

56

Uterine prolapse

Condition in which the uterus slides from its normal position in the pelvic cavity and sags into the vagina

57

Varicocele

A knot a varicose vein's in one side of the scrotum

58

Vasovasostomy

Procedure performed as an attempt to restore fertility to a vasectomized male

59

Amenorrhea

Abnormal absence of menstrual period for three months or more