Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (60):
1

Anthracosis

Form of pneumoconiosis caused by coal dust in lungs

2

Antitussive

Medication administered to prevent or relieve coughing

3

Aphonia

The loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds

4

Apnea

Absence of spontaneous respiration

5

Asbestosis

Form of pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos particles in the lungs

6

Asphyxia

The loss of consciousness that occurs when the body cannot get the oxygen it needs to function

7

Asphyxiation

Suffocation

8

Aspiration pneumonia

Caused by foreign substance (vomit) being inhaled into lungs

9

Asthma

Chronic inflammatory disease of bronchial tubes

10

Atelectasis

Incomplete expansion of part or all of lung

11

Bradypnea

Abnormally slow rate of respiration less than 10 breaths per minute

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Bronchodilator

Medication that relaxes and expands bronchial passages into lungs

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Bronchoscopy

Visual examination of bronchi using bronchoscope

14

Bronchorrhea

Excessive discharge of mucus from bronchi

15

Bronchospasm

Contraction of smooth muscle in the walls of bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze airway shut

16

Cheyne-stokes respiration

A regular pattern of breathing characterized by alternating rapid or shallow respiration followed by slow respiration

17

Croup

Acute respiratory infection in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx

18

Cystic fibrosis

Life-threatening genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus

19

Diphtheria

Acute bacterial infection of throat and upper respiratory tract

20

Dysphonia

Difficulty in speaking may include any impairment in vocal quality

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Dyspnea

Difficult or labored breathing

22

Emphysema

Progressive long-term loss of lung function usually due to smoking

23

Empyema

Accumulation of pus in a body cavity

24

Endotracheal intubation

Passage of the tube through the mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway

25

Epistaxis

Bleeding from the nose

26

Hemoptysis

Expectoration of blood or blood stained sputum

27

Hemothorax

A collection of blood in the pleural cavity

28

Hypercapnia

Abnormal build up of carbon dioxide in the blood

29

Hyperpenia

Breathing that is more deeper and more rapid than is normal at rest

30

Hypopnea

Shallow or slow respiration

31

Hypoxemia

Condition of having low oxygen levels in the blood

32

Hypoxia

Condition of having deficient oxygen levels in the body tissues and organs; less severe than anoxia

33

Laryngectomy

Surgical removal of the larynx

34

Laryngitis

Inflammation of the larynx

35

Laryngoplegia

Paralysis of the larynx

36

Laryngoscopy

Visual examination of the larynx and vocal chords using a Laryngoscope

37

Mediastinum

Cavity located between the lungs

38

Nebulizer

Electronic device that pumps air/oxygen through liquid medicine to turn it into a mist that is inhaled via a facemask or mouthpiece

39

Otolaryngologist

Ear nose and throat doctor

40

Pertussis

Contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by recurrent bouts of Paroxysmal cough

41

Pharyngitis

Inflammation of the pharynx

42

Pharyngoplasty

Surgical repair of pharynx

43

Pleurectomy

Surgical removal of the pleura

44

Pleurisy

Inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp pain with each breath

45

Pleurodynia

Pain in the pleura or in the side

46

Pneumoconiosis

Any fibrosis of the lung tissues caused by dust in the lungs after prolonged environmental/occupational contact

47

Pneumonoectomy

Surgical removal of all or part of the lung

48

Pneumothorax

Accumulation of air in the pleural space resulting in a pressure imbalance that causes the lung to fully or partially collapse

49

polysomnography

Diagnostic measurement of psychological activity during sleep

50

Pulmonologist

Specializes in lungs

51

Pulse oximeter

External monitor that measures oxygen saturation level in blood

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Pyothorax

Presence of pus in plural cavity between layers of plural membrane

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Sinusitis

Inflammation of sinuses

54

Tachypnea

Abnormally rapid rate of respiration usually more than 20 breaths per minute

55

Thoracentesis

Surgical puncture of chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from Pleural cavity

56

Thoracostomy

Surgical incision into chest walls to open pleural cavity for a biopsy or treatment

57

Tuberculosis

Infectious disease caused by myobacterium tuberculosis that usually attacks the lungs

58

Tracheostomy

Surgical creation of a stoma into the trachea in order to insert a tube to facilitate breathing

59

Tracheotomy

Emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage

60

Anoxia

Absence of oxygen from body's tissues or organs despite adequate flow of blood