Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (56):
1

Allergen

A substance that produces an allergic response in an individual

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Anaphylaxis

A severe systemic response to an allergen

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Antibiotic

Medications capable of inhibiting growth or killing pathogenic bacteria

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Anti-body

A disease fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presence of a specific antigen

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Antifungal

An agent that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi

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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

The advanced stage of an HIV infection

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Antigen

Any substance that the body regards as being foreign

8

Autoimmune disorder

Condition in which the immune system produces antibodies against the bodies the body's own tissues

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Bacilli

Rod shaped spore forming bacteria

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Bacteria

One celled microscopic organisms

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Carcinoma

Malignant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue

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Cytomegalovirus

Type of herpesvirus found in most body fluids

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Ductal carcinoma in situ

Breast cancer at earliest stage before the cancer has broken through the wall of the milk duct

14

Herpes zoster

Acute viral infection characterized by painful skin eruption's that follow underlying route of inflamed nerve

15

Hodgkin's lymphoma

Malignancy of lymphatic system that is distinguished from non-Hodgkin's lymphoma by presence of Reed Sternberg cells

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Human immunodeficiency virus

Blood-borne pathogen that damages or kills the T cells of immune system causing it to progressively fail

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Immunoglobulins

Anti-bodies that bind with specific antigens in the antigen-antibody response

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Immunosuppressant

Substance that prevent or reduces body's normal immune response

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Infectious mononucleosis

Infection caused by Epstein-Barr virus that is characterized by fever sore throat and enlarged lymph nodes

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Immunotherapy

Disease treatment that involves either stimulating or repressing the immune response

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Infiltrating ductal carcinoma

Breast cancer that starts in milk duct Break through the wall of that duct and invades the fatty breast tissue

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Lymphadenitis

Inflammation of the lymph nodes

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Lymphadenopathy

Any disease process affecting a lymph node or nodes

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Lymphangioma

A benign tumor formed by an abnormal collection of lymphatic vessels

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Lymphedema

Swelling of the tissues due to abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues

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Lymphoma

Malignancies affecting lymphoid tissues

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Lymphoscintigraphy

Diagnostic testing is performed to detect damage or malformations of lymphatic vessels

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Malaria

Disease caused by parasite that lives in certain mosquitoes and transferred to humans by bite of infected mosquito

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Mammography

Radiographic examination of breast to detect the presence of tumors or precancerous cells

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Meta-stasis

New Cancer site that results from spreading process

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Metastasize

Process where cancer spreads from one place to another

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Myoma

Benign tumor made of muscle tissue

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Myosarcoma

Malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue

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Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

All lymphomas other than Hodgkin's lymphoma

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Opportunistic infection

Caused by pathogen that doesn't normally produce an illness in healthy humans

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Osteosarcoma

Hard tissue sarcoma that usually involves the upper shaft of long bones, pelvis, or knee

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Parasite

Plant or animal that lives on or within another living organism at the expense of that organism

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Pathogen

Disease producing micro organism

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Rabies

Acute viral infection transmitted to humans by bite or saliva of infected animal

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Rickettsia

Small bacterium that lives in lice, fleas, ticks, mites

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Rubella

Viral infection characterized by a low-grade fever, swollen glands, inflamed eyes, fine pink rash

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Sarcoma

Malignant tumor that arises from connective tissue

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Spirochetes

Long slender spiral shaped bacteria that have flexible walls and are capable of movement

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Splenomegaly

Abnormal enlargement of spleen

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Staphylococci

Group of about 30 species of bacteria that form irregular groups are clusters resembling grapes

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Streptococci

Bacteria that form a chain. Most = harmless, some = strep throat

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Telethraphy

Radiation therapy administered at a distance from body that is precisely targeted with use of 3-D computerized imaging

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Tetanus

Acute, potentially fatal infection of central nervous system caused by a toxin and produced by tetanus bacteria

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Toxoplasmosis

Parasite most commonly transmitted from animals to humans by contact with contaminated feces

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Varicella

Highly contagious infection caused by the herpesvirus varicella zoster, a.k.a. chickenpox

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Antigen-antibody reaction

Binding antigens to anti-bodies

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Complement

Normally circulate in the blood in inactive form

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Interferon

Produced in response to antigens (virus or tumors) activate immune system

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Lymphocytes

Formed in bone marrow as stem cells

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Lymphokines

Substance produced by lymphocytes the acts upon other cells

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Macrophage

Type of leukocyte that surrounds and kills invading cells