Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (60):
1

Anuria

The absence of urine formation by the kidneys

2

Benign pro static hyperplasia

Abnormal enlargement of the prostate gland often found in men over 50

3

Chronic kidney disease

The progressive loss of renal function over months or years

4

Cystitis

Inflammation of the bladder

5

Cytocele

Hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall

6

Cystolith

Stone located within the urinary bladder

7

Cystopexy

Surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall

8

Cytoscopy

The visual examination of the urinary bladder using a cytoscope

9

Dialysis

A procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients his kidneys no longer function

10

Diuresis

The increased output of urine

11

End-stage renal disease

The final stage of chronic kidney disease

12

Enuresis

The involuntary discharge of urine

13

Epispadias

A congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In a male this opening is located on the upper surface of the penis. Girl=Clitoral region

14

Glomerulonephritis

A type of nephritis caused by inflammation of the glomeruli

15

Hemodialysis

A process by which waste products are filtered directly from the patient's blood

16

Hydronephrosis

The dilation of one or both kidneys

17

Hydro ureter

the distention of the ureter with urine that cannot flow because the ureter is blocked

18

Hyperproteinuria

The presence of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine

19

Hypoproteinemia

The presence of abormally low concentrations of protein in the blood

20

Hypospadias

The congenital abnormality of the urethral opening

21

Incontinence

The inability to control the excretion of urine and or feces

22

Interstitial cystitis

A chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder

23

Intravenous pyelogram

Radiographic study of the kidneys and ureters

24

Nephrolith

Stone located in the kidney

25

Nephrolithiasis

The presence of stones in the kidney

26

Nephrolysis

The surgical freeing of a kidney from adhesions

27

Nephrons

Functional unit of the kidney

28

Nephropathy

Any disease of the kidney

29

Nephroptosis

The prolapse of the kidney in the pelvic area when the patient stands

30

Nephropyosis

Suppuration of the kidney

31

Nephrostomy

The placement of a catheter to maintain an opening between the pelvis of one or both kidneys to the exterior of the body

32

Nephrotic syndrome

A group of conditions in which excessive amounts of protein are lost in the urine

33

Neurogenic syndrome

An umbrella term for disorders in which there is a progressive loss of the structure functions of neurons

34

Neurogenic bladder

urinary problem caused by interference with the normal nerve pathways associated with urination

35

Nocturia

A frequent and excessive urination during the night

36

Nocturnal enuresis

Urinary incontinence during sleep aka bed wetting

37

Oliguria

Scanty Urination

38

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy

Surgical removal of a kidney stone through a small incision in the back

39

Peritoneal dialysis

Dialysis in which the lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood

40

Polycystic kidney disease

A genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous fluid filled cysts in the kidneys

41

Polyuria

Excessive urination

42

Prostatism

disorder resulting from the compression or obstruction of the urethra due to benign prostatic hyperplasia

43

Pyeloplasty

Surgical repair of the ureter and renal pelvis

44

Pyelotomy

Surgical incision into the renal pelvis

45

Suprapubic catheterization

Placement of a catheter into the bladder through a small incision made through the abdominal wall just above the pubic bone

46

Uremia

Toxic condition in which the urea and other waste products normally excreted in the urine are retained in the blood

47

Ureterectasis

The distention of a ureter

48

Ureterolith

A stone located anywhere along the ureter

49

Ureterorrhagia

The discharge of blood from the ureter

50

Ureterorrhaphy

Surgical suturing of a Ureter

51

Urethritis

Inflammation of the urethra

52

Urethropexy

Surgical fixation of the urethra to nearby tissue

53

Urethrrorrhagia

Bleeding from the urethra

54

Urethrostenosis

Abnormal narrowing of the urethra

55

Urethrotomy

A surgical incision into the urethra

56

Urinary catheterization

Insertion of a tube into the bladder in order to obtain a sterile specimen or drain urine

57

Vesicovaginal fistula

And abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina

58

Voiding Cystourethrography

A diagnostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is used to examine the flow of urine from the bladder and through the urethra

59

Wilms tumor

A rare type of malignant tumor of the kidney that occurs in young children

60

Ablation

The removal of a body part or the destruction of its function