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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (45):
1

Abdominocentesis

Surgical procedure of abdominal cavity to remove fluid

2

Angiography

Radiographic study of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium

3

Appendectomy

Surgical removal of the appendix

4

Arteriosclerosis

Abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery

5

Arthralgia

Pain in one or more joints

6

Colostomy

Surgical creation of excretory opening between colon and body surface

7

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of skin/mucous membranes caused by lack of oxygen in the blood

8

Diarrhea

Abnormally frequent flow of loose or watery stools

9

Erythrocyte

Red blood cell

10

Fissure

Groove or crack-like sore in the skin ALSO normal folds on the contours of the brain

11

Fistula

Abnormal passage between 2 internal organs

12

Gastralgia

Stomach pain

13

Gastritis

Inflammation of the stomach lining

14

Gastroenteritis

Inflammation of mucous membrane lining stomach and intestines

15

Gastrosis

Any disease of the stomach

16

Hemorrhage

Loss of large amount of blood in short time

17

Hepatomegaly

Abnormal enlargement of the liver

18

Hypertension

Elevation of arterial BP to a level that is likely to damage cardiovascular system

19

Hypotension

Lower than normal arterial BP

20

Infection

Invasion of body by pathogenic organism

21

Inflammation

Localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues

22

Intramuscular

Directly into muscle tissue

23

Lesion

Pathologic change of tissues due to disease or injury

24

Mycosis

Abnormal condition or disease caused by fungus

25

Myelopathy

Any pathologic change or disease in spinal cord

26

Myopathy

Any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue

27

Myorrhexis

Rupture or tearing of muscle

28

Neuritis

Nerve inflammation accompanied by Pain And sometimes function loss

29

Palpation

Examination technique where examiner feels for texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts

30

Palpitation

Pounding or racing heart with or without irregularity in rhythm

31

Laceration

Torn or jagged wound

32

Acute

rapid onset

33

Diagnosis

Process of determining by examination

34

Dermatologist

Doctor who specializes in treatment of diseases of the skin

35

Endarterial

Innermost lining of an artery

36

Eponym

Word based on or derived from a person's name

37

Interstitial

Situated between the cells of a structure/part

38

Natal

Of or relating to a person's birth

39

Neonatology

Study of development and disorders of newborns

40

Pathology

Study of origin, nature, and course of disease

41

Phalanges

Bones in the fingers and toes

42

Prognosis

Forecasting of a probable course/outcome of a disease

43

Prostate

Male gland under the bladder, surrounding the urethra

44

Remission

Temporary or permanent decrease/subsidence of manifestations of a disease

45

Supracostal

Above the ribs