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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (57):
1

Allogenic

Bone marrow transplant where recipient receives bone marrow from a compatible donor

2

Anklylosing spondylitis

Form of rheumatoid arthritis, causes inflammation of joints between vertebrae

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Arthrodesis

Aka surgical ankylosis, surgical infusion of two bones to stiffen a joint

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Arthroscopy

Minimally invasive procedure for treatment of interior of a joint

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Autologous

Bone marrow transplant using patients own bone marrow that was harvested before treatment began

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Chondroma

Slow growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells

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Chondromalacia

Abnormal softening of cartilage

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Comminuted Fracture

Fracture in which bone is splintered or crushed

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Compression fracture

Fracture in which bone is pressed upon self

10

Costochondritis

Inflammation of cartilage that connects a rib to sternum

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Craniostenosis

Malformation of skull due to premature closure of cranial sutures

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Crepitation

Grating sound heard when to ends of a broken bone move together

13

Dual x-Ray absorbtiometry

Low exposure radio graphic measurement of spine and hips to measure bone density

14

Fibrous dysplasia

Bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous (scar-like) tissue

15

Hallux valgus

Abnormal enlargement of joint at base of great toe

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Hemarthrosis

Blood within a joint

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Hemopoietic

Pertaining to the info of blood cells

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Internal fixation

Fracture treatment in which pins or plates are placed directly into the bone to hold broken pieces in place

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Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Autoimmune disorder affecting children aged 16 years or less with symptoms including stiffness, pain, fever, fatigue

20

Kyphosis

Abnormal outward curvature of thoracic spine as viewed from side

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Laminectomy

Surgical removal of a lamina from vertebrae

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Lordosis

Abnormal increase in forward curvature of the lumbar spine

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Lumbago

Pain in the lumbar region of the spine

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Malleolus

Rounded bony projection on tibia and fibula on sides of each ankle joint

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Manubrium

Upper portion of sternum

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Metacarpals

Any of the 5 bones in the hand

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Metatarsals

Form the part of the foot to which the toes attach

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Myeloma

Type of cancer that occurs in blood making cells of red bone marrow

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Open fracture

Fracture in which bone is broken and open wound in skin

30

Orthotic

Mechanical appliance such as leg brace or splint to control correct or compensate for impaired limb function

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Osteitis

Inflammation of bone

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Osteoarthritis

Type of arthritis most commonly associated w aging

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Osteochondroma

Benign bony projection covered w cartilage

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Osteoclasis

Surgical fracture of bone to correct a deformity

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Osteomalacia

Abnormal softening of the bones in adults

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Osteomyelitis

Inflammation of bone marrow and adjacent bone

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Osteonecrosis

Death of bone tissue due to insufficient blood supply

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Osteopenia

Thinner than average bone density

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Osteoporosis

Marked loss of bone density and increase in bone porosity frequently associated w aging

40

Osteoporotic hip fracture

Fracture of ship weekend by osteoporosis that can occur spontaneously or as result of a fall

41

Osteorrhapy

Surgical suturing or wiring together of bones

42

Paget's disease

Bone disorder of unknown cause characterized by excessive breakdown of bone tissue followed by abnormal bone formation

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Pathological fracture

Occurs when a weakened bone breaks under normal strain

44

Percutaneous vertebroplasty

Treatment of osteoporosis related compression fractures by injecting bone cement to stabilize

45

Periostititis

Inflammation of periosteum shin splints

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Prosthesis

Sub for diseased or missing body part

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Rheumatoid arthritis

Chronic autoimmune disorder in which the synovial membranes and other body tissues are inflamed/thickened

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Rickets

Deficiency disease in children involving defective bone growth through vitamin d deficiency

49

Scoliosis

Abnormal lateral curvature of spine

50

Spina bifida

Congenital defect that occurs during early pregnancy in which spinal canal fails to close completely around spinal cord

51

Spiral fracture

Fracture in which bone is twisted apart

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Spondylolisthesis

Forward slipping movement of body of one of lower lumbar vertebrae of vertabra below it

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Spondyliosis

Degenerative disorder that can cause the loss of normal spinal structure and function

54

Subluxation

Partial displacement of bone from its joint

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Synovectomy

Surgical removal of synovial membrane from a joint

56

Vertebrae

Any bones or segments composing the spinal column

57

Acetabulum

Large circular cavity to form hip joint