Chapter 13 - Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Part 2 Deck (19):
1

true or false: the presence of other people has no influence on our behaviour

FALSE: the presence of other people influences our behaviour

2

diffusion of responsibility

when the responsibility for taking action is spread across more than one person, thus making no single individual feel personally responsible

3

bystander effect

when the present of other people actually reduces the likelihood of helping someone

4

pluralistic ignorance

when there is a disjunction between the private beliefs of individuals and the public behaviour they display to others

5

how can pluralistic ignorance explain why revolutions happen so suddenly?

because dictators create a social norm in the oppressed

6

in group

groups we feel positively toward and identify with

7

out group

"other" groups that we don't identify with

8

ethnocentrism

the belief that ones own ethnic group, nation or religion is superior to all others

9

stereotype

a set of beliefs about the characteristics that are held by members of a specific social group; these beliefs function as schemas, serving the guide how we process information about our social world

10

stereotypes allow us to....?

- quickly process new information
- helps us retrieve memories
- allow us to organize experience
- make sense of differences among individuals and groups
- predict how people will behave

11

how do stereotypes distort reality?

- exaggerate differences between groups
- produce selective perception
- underestimate differences within other groups

12

benevolent sexism

- "virtuous women"
- "the fairer sex"

13

prejudice

an emotionally driven process involving negative attitudes toward, and critical judgements of other groups

14

discrimination

behaviour that disfavours or disadvantages members of a certain social group in some way

15

origins of prejudice

social psychologists used to think that only deranged people could be prejudiced (they were thinking of hitler)

16

what are the 3 functions of prejudice?

1) psychological - focuses negative feelings onto the target group; wards of self-doubt
2) sociocultural - bonds people to the in-group
3) economic - justifies the majority groups financial and structure advantages

17

implicit association test

- used for detecting subtle (implicit) prejudice
- measures of unconscious associations with target group
- manipulate whether goo and bad words are on the same side as black or white images

18

true or false: for the implicit association test, faster responses for positive words are grouped with white faces, and when negative words are grouped with black faces

true

19

contact hypothesis

prejudice declines when people have the chance to get used to one another rules food music customs etc.