Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Part 2 Deck (19)
true or false: the presence of other people has no influence on our behaviour
FALSE: the presence of other people influences our behaviour
diffusion of responsibility
when the responsibility for taking action is spread across more than one person, thus making no single individual feel personally responsible
when the present of other people actually reduces the likelihood of helping someone
when there is a disjunction between the private beliefs of individuals and the public behaviour they display to others
how can pluralistic ignorance explain why revolutions happen so suddenly?
because dictators create a social norm in the oppressed
groups we feel positively toward and identify with
"other" groups that we don't identify with
the belief that ones own ethnic group, nation or religion is superior to all others
a set of beliefs about the characteristics that are held by members of a specific social group; these beliefs function as schemas, serving the guide how we process information about our social world
stereotypes allow us to....?
- quickly process new information
- helps us retrieve memories
- allow us to organize experience
- make sense of differences among individuals and groups
- predict how people will behave
how do stereotypes distort reality?
- exaggerate differences between groups
- produce selective perception
- underestimate differences within other groups
- "virtuous women"
- "the fairer sex"
an emotionally driven process involving negative attitudes toward, and critical judgements of other groups
behaviour that disfavours or disadvantages members of a certain social group in some way
origins of prejudice
social psychologists used to think that only deranged people could be prejudiced (they were thinking of hitler)
what are the 3 functions of prejudice?
1) psychological - focuses negative feelings onto the target group; wards of self-doubt
2) sociocultural - bonds people to the in-group
3) economic - justifies the majority groups financial and structure advantages
implicit association test
- used for detecting subtle (implicit) prejudice
- measures of unconscious associations with target group
- manipulate whether goo and bad words are on the same side as black or white images
true or false: for the implicit association test, faster responses for positive words are grouped with white faces, and when negative words are grouped with black faces