Chapter 15 - Scalp Care, Shampooing & Conditioning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 - Scalp Care, Shampooing & Conditioning Deck (65):
1

Which of the following is classified as a universal solvent?
A. Salt
B. Soap
C. Lye
D. Water

D. Water

2

Small amounts of chlorine can be added to water to:
A. Kill bacteria
B. Add minerals
C. Soften the water
D. Harden the water

A. Kill bacteria

3

The ingredients on shampoo are listed in what order?
A. From largest to smallest percentage
B. From smallest to largest percentage
C. In order of weight
D. Alphabetical order

A. From largest to smallest percentage

4

A pH-balanced shampoo has a pH range from:
A. 3.0-3.5
B. 4.5-5.5
C. 6.0-7.0
D. 7.5-8.5

B. 4.5-5.5

5

Which of the following substances absorb moisture or promote the retention of moisture?
A. Proteins
B. Silicones
C. Humectants
D. Preservatives

C. Humectants

6

A _________ is designed to penetrate the cortex and reinforce the hair shaft from within, to temporarily reconstruct the hair.
A. Detangler
B. Balancing treatment
C. Color enhancer
D. Protein conditioner

D. Protein conditioner

7

Which of the following is used after a scalp treatment and before styling to remove oil accumulation?
A. Medicated scalp lotion
B. Scalp astringent lotion
C. Scalp conditioner
D. Leave-in conditioner

B. Scalp astringent lotion

8

Brushing of the hair should never be done prior to:
A. Chemical services
B. Shampoo services
C. Styling services
D. Conditioning services

A. Chemical services

9

The most highly recommended hairbrushes are those made from:
A. Nylon bristles
B. Plastic bristles
C. Natural bristles
D. Metal bristles

C. Natural bristles

10

As a safety feature for the client, during a shampoo you should monitor the water temperature by:
A. Waiting for the client to direct you to make it warmer or cooler.
B. Keeping one finger over the edge of the spray nozzle in contact with the water.
C. Using the nozzle to spray your palms occasionally.
D. Dipping your elbow into the water in the sink every few minutes.

B. Keeping one finger over the edge of the spray nozzle in contact with the water.

11

What is the primary purpose of a shampoo service?
A. To recommend products
B. To cleanse the hair and scalp
C. To recommend services
D. To analyze the scalp

B. To cleanse the hair and scalp

12

High-frequency current should never be used on hair treated with tonics that contain:
A. Water
B. Alcohol
C. Oil
D. Conditioning agents

B. Alcohol

13

A scalp treatment used when there is a deficiency of natural
oil on the scalp should contain:
A. Mineral oil base products
B. Sulfonated oil base products
C. Strong soap preparations
D. Moisturizers and emollient ingredients

D. Moisturizers and emollient ingredients

14

Excessive oiliness is caused by:
A. Clogged pores
B. A fungus called malassezia
C. Overactive sebaceous glands
D. Inactive sebaceous glands

C. Overactive sebaceous glands

15

When working a shampoo into a lather, you should use:
A. The cushions of your fingertips
B. Your nails
C. Your palms
D. The sides of your fingers

A. The cushions of your fingertips

16

The primary difference between a relaxation massage and a treatment is:
A. The duration of the massage
B. The type of drape used
C. Your finger movements
D. The products you use

D. The products you use

17

What should be the primary consideration when selecting a shampoo?
A. The condition of the clients hair and scalp
B the amount of money the client is willing to pay
C. The type of shampoo you have the most of in stock
D. The type of service you are planning to perform after the shampoo

A. The condition of the clients hair and scalp

18

Color-enhancing shampoos are used to:
A. Dull the color or the hair
B. Add a great deal of color to the hair
C. Add brassiness to the hair
D. Eliminate unwanted color tones from the hair

D. Eliminate unwanted color tones from the hair

19

All of the following are types of conditioners except:
A. Leave-in
B. Rinse-out
C. Treatment or repair
D. Spray-on

D. Spray-on

20

Spray-thermal protectors safeguard against the harmful effects of _____ the hair.
A. Cutting
B. Shampooing
C. Conditioning
D. Blow drying

D. Blow drying

21

For a client with _________ hair, it is recommended that you use a gentle cleansing shampoo and a light leave-in conditioner.
A. Fine, damaged
B. Fine, straight
C. Curly, damaged
D. Curly, dry

A. Fine, damaged

22

Appropriate products for coarse, damaged, dry hair include all of the following except:
A. Deep-moisturizing
B. Leave-in conditioner
C. Spray-on thermal protective treatments
D. Deep-conditioning treatments and hair masks

C. Spray-on thermal protective treatments

23

Part one of the three-part procedure includes:
A. Helping your client through the scheduling and payment process
B. Performing the actual service the client requested
C. Cleaning and disinfecting your tools
D. Advising the client and promoting products

C. Cleaning and disinfecting your tools

24

What is the correct way to rinse your implements after cleaning them?
A. Run them under warm flowing water
B. Run them under cold flowing water
C. Dip them into a tub of warm water
D. Dip them directly into disinfectant

A. Run them under warm flowing water

25

You should wait until _______ before discussing your retail product recommendations.
A. A blow dryer is operating
B. The service is complete
C. The client consultation
D. The client has paid

B. The service is complete

26

Rainwater or chemically softened water that contains only a small amount of minerals is called:
A. Soft water
B. Hard water
C. Deionized water
D. Sparkling water

A. Soft water

27

A _______ procedure is one that may produce undesirable side effects.
A. Constrained
B. Contradicted
C. Contraindicated
D. Countermanded

C. Contraindicated

28

Water that contains minerals that reduce the ability of soap or shampoo to lather properly is called:
A. Soft water
B. Hard water
C. Deionized water
D. Distilled water

B. Hard water

29

Shampoo containing special ingredients that are very effective in reducing dandruff or relieving other scalp conditions is called ______ shampoo.
A. Balancing
B. Clarifying
C. Medicated
D. Non-stripping

C. Medicated

30

Shampoo designed to make the hair appear smooth and shiny and to improve the manageability of the hair is called _____ shampoo.
A. Clarifying
B. Conditioning
C. Balancing
D. Medicated

B. Conditioning

31

Shampoo containing an active chelating agent that binds to metals and removes them from the hair is called ______ shampoo.
A. Clarifying
B. Chelating
C. Conditioning
D. Balancing

A. Clarifying

32

Shampoo designed to wash away excess oiliness while preventing the hair from drying out is called _________.
A. Balancing
B. Clarifying
C. Conditioning
D. Medicated

A. Balancing

33

Shampoo that cleanses the hair without the use of soap and water is ______ shampoo.
A. Humectant
B. Soft
C. Dry
D. Astringent

C. Dry

34

The ________ end of a surfactant molecule is water attracting.
A. Lipophilic
B. Humectant
C. Hydrophilic
D. Astringent

C. Hydrophilic

35

The ________ end of a surfactant molecule is oil attracting.
A. Humectant
B. Hydrophilic
C. Astringent
D. Lipophilic

D. Lipophilic

36

The two basic requirements for a healthy scalp are cleanliness and nutrition.
T or F

False

37

The difference between a relaxation massage and treatment massage is the amount of pressure you use.
T or F

False

38

A scalp steamer, which resembles a hooded dryer, is used during a dry hair and scalp treatment.
T or F

True

39

Hair should always be shampooed daily.
T or F

False

40

Before freshwater enters public water pipelines, small amounts of chlorine are added to kill bacteria.
T or F

True

41

A wet draping is also known as a shampoo draping.
T or F

True

42

Shampooing encompasses three different processes, including all of the following EXCEPT:
a. conditioning
b. massage
c. shampooing
d. blow-drying

b. massage

43

Massage is contraindicated for clients with:
a. circulatory conditions
b. severe, uncontrolled hypertension
c. diabetes
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

44

Anti-dandruff shampoos and conditioners contain anti-fungal agents that suppress the growth of:
a. malassezia
b. keratin
c. proteins
d. collagen

a. malassezia

45

Brushes with bristles that have tiny overlapping layers or scales, which clean and add luster to the hair, are:
a. natural
b. nylon
c. rounded
d. synthetic

a. natural

46

To be effective, a shampoo must remove all dirt, oils, cosmetics and skin debris without:
a. clarifying scalp and hair
b. cleaning residue and products
c. adversely affecting scalp or hair
d. stripping hair of bacteria

c. adversely affecting scalp or hair

47

To prevent fatigue, muscle aches and back strain when performing a shampoo, maintain good:
a. movements
b. balance
c. leverage
d. posture

d. posture

48

Products are classified as either an alkaline solution or an acidic solution by measuring the amount of:
a. hydrogen
b. elements
c. acids
d. atoms

a. hydrogen

49

Water is the most abundant and important element of Earth is classified and is a(n):
a. complete solvent
b. natural solvent
c. universal solvent
d. acidic solvent

c. universal solvent

50

The treatment that passes water through a porous substance, such as charcoal or a filter, to be purified is known as:
a. sedimentation
b. distillation
c. filtration
d. evaporation

c. filtration

51

The water purification process used in the manufacture of cosmetics where water is heated to a vapor then collected as a liquid is:
a. sedimentation
b. distillation
c. evaporation
d. filtration

b. distillation

52

The main ingredient of most shampoos is:
a. detergent
b. botanicals
c. surfactants
d. water

d. water

53

Ingredients in shampoos are listed according to the percentages of each ingredient or in:
a. descending order
b. ascending order
c. volume order
d. alphabetical order

a. descending order

54

The lipophilic tail of a surfactant molecule is considered to be:
a. water-resistant
b. water-loving
c. oil-resistant
d. oil-attracting

d. oil-attracting

55

Shampoos that help close the hair cuticle and are balanced to the pH of skin and hair are:
a. pH balanced
b. alkaline-balanced
c. alkaline-based
d. deionized

a. pH balanced

56

Products that do not remove artificial color from the hair are considered to be:
a. neutral
b. medicated
c. moisturizing
d. non-stripping

d. non-stripping

57

Which type of shampoo should be used when a buildup is evident, after swimming and prior to all chemical services?
a. conditioning shampoo
b. balancing shampoo
c. medicated shampoo
d. clarifying shampoo

d. clarifying shampoo

58

Shampoos that are created by combining the surfactant base with basic color pigments are:
a. moisturizing
b. clarifying
c. color-enhancing
d. neutralizing

c. color-enhancing

59

Substances that absorb moisture or promote the retention of moisture are known as:
a. astringents
b. humectants
c. keratin
d. deionized

b. humectants

60

When securing a cape as draping for a basic shampoo, do not let the cape touch the :
a. clients skin
b. shampoo sink
c. clients towel
d. clean towel

a. clients skin

61

During the shampoo procedure, apply small quantities of shampoo to the hair beginning at the:
a. crown area
b. nape area
c. hairline area
d. ear area

c. hairline area

62

Avoiding a procedure or condition that may produce undesirable side effects.
a. dry shampoo
b. clarifying shampoo
c. balancing shampoo
d. deep-conditioning shampoo
e. detergents
f. contraindicated
g. protein conditioner
h. conditioner

f. contraindicated

63

Also known as surfactants, these are cleansing or surface active agents.
a. dry shampoo
b. clarifying shampoo
c. balancing shampoo
d. deep-conditioning shampoo
e. detergents
f. contraindicated
g. protein conditioner
h. conditioner

e. detergents

64

Also known as powder shampoo.
a. dry shampoo
b. clarifying shampoo
c. balancing shampoo
d. deep-conditioning shampoo
e. detergents
f. contraindicated
g. protein conditioner
h. conditioner

a. dry shampoo

65

Chemical agent that deposits protein or moisturizer to help restore the hair's strength, to give hair body and to protect hair against possible breakage.
a. dry shampoo
b. clarifying shampoo
c. balancing shampoo
d. deep-conditioning shampoo
e. detergents
f. contraindicated
g. protein conditioner
h. conditioner

h. conditioner