Chapter 21 - Haircoloring Flashcards Preview

Cosmetology > Chapter 21 - Haircoloring > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 21 - Haircoloring Deck (116):
1

The layer of the hair that provides strength and elasticity is the:
a. cortex
b. cuticle
c. follicle
d. medulla

a. cortex

2

In individual hair stands, hair texture is determined by the:
a. density
b. porosity
c. diameter
d. length

b. porosity

3

If the cuticle is lifted, allowing the hair to take color quickly, the hair is said to have:
a. average porosity
b. no porosity
c. low porosity
d. high porosity

d. high porosity

4

Haircolor levels are arranged on a scale from:
a. 1-5
b. 1-10
c. 1-100
d. 0-14

b. 1-10

5

Hair color tones can be described as:
a. warm, neutral or hot
b. warm neutral or cool
c. cool, neutral or even
d. cool, warm or primary

b. warm neutral or cool

6

Colors that are described as sandy or tan are considered:
a. natural tones
b. primary tones
c. artificial tones
d. cool tones

a. natural tones

7

Which color will help minimize orange tones in the hair?
a. violet
b. gold
c. green
d. blue

d. blue

8

Pure or fundamental colors that cannot be achieved from a mixture are:
a. level colors
b. secondary colors
c. primary colors
d. cool colors

c. primary colors

9

The strongest and only cool primary color is:
a. green
b. yellow
c. red
d. blue

d. blue

10

Red added to blue-based colors will cause them to appear:
a. lighter
b. darker
c. golden
d. yellow

a. lighter

11

A _______ color is achieved by mixing a secondary color and its neighboring primary color.
a. warm
b. tertiary
c. complimentary
d. base

b. tertiary

12

Depending on the level of color, equal proportions of the primary colors will produce:
a. gray, white or black
b. white, black or green
c. brown, orange or white
d. green, violet or black

a. gray, white or black

13

A primary and secondary color positioned opposite each other on the color wheel are considered:
a. base colors
b. tertiary colors
c. opposing colors
d. complimentary colors

d. complimentary colors

14

Temporary color pigment molecules do not penetrate because they are:
a. weak
b. soft
c. neutral
d. large

d. large

15

Semipermanent hair color on average should last:
a. 4-6 days
b. 4-6 weeks
c. 8-10 weeks
d. 2-3 weeks

b. 4-6 weeks

16

Which type of haircolor penetrates the hair shaft and is formulated to deposit but not lift color?
a. demipermanent hair color
b. permanent hair color
c. semipermanent color
d. semitemporary color

a. demipermanent hair color

17

Which type of haircolor lightens and deposits color at the same time and in a single process because it is more alkaline than no-lift deposit-only colors and is usually mixed with a higher-volume developer?
a. temporary haircolor
b. permanent haircolor
c. semipermanent haircolor
d. demipermanent haircolor

b. permanent haircolor

18

To provide maximum lift in a one-process color service, most high-lift colors require:
a. 20-volume peroxide
b. 15-volume peroxide
c. 30-volume peroxide
d. 40-volume peroxide

d. 40-volume peroxide

19

During the decolorization process, natural hair can go through as many as:
a. 2 stages
b. 1 stage
c. 10 stages
d. 5 stages

c. 10 stages

20

Overlapping color can cause breakage and create a sign of roots or:
a. uniform color
b. a line of demarcation
c. a barrier line
d. streaking

b. a line of demarcation

21

The three forms of hair lighteners are:
a. oil, powder and cream
b. oil, cream and lotion
c. powder, foam and oil
d. cream, powder and foam

a. oil, powder and cream

22

In ________, selected strands are picked up from a narrow section of hair with a zigzag motion of the comb,
and lightener is applied only to these strands.
a. slicing
b. baliage
c. free-form technique
d. weaving

d. weaving

23

For clients with 80 or 100 percent gray, which haircolor is generally most flattering?
a. a blond shade
b. a medium-brown shade
c. a dark-brown shade
d. a red shade

a. a blond shade

24

To cover unpigmented hair in a salt-and-pepper client, the color formulation should be:
a. one level darker than the natural level
b. two levels lighter that the natural level
c. four levels lighter than the natural level
d. two levels darker than the disired level

b. two levels lighter that the natural level

25

The process of pretreating gray or very resistant hair to allow for better penetration is known as:
formulating
a. formulation
b. unpigmenting
c. presoftening
d. prelightening

c. presoftening

26

On a lighter retouch, new growth is lightened:
a. first
b. second
c. last
d. not at all

a. first

27

To produce a haircolor that looks natural, how many primary colors must be present?
a. one
b. two
c. three
d. four

c. three

28

The best way to obtain pale blond results is to use:
a. temporary haircolor
b. pure bleach
c. single proxess blonding
d. double-process blonding

d. double-process blonding

29

When hair is violet, it is recommended that you use ________ to balance it.
a. orange
b. green
c. yellow
d. red

c. yellow

30

When hair is blue, it is recommended that you use _____ to balance it.
a. orange
b. violet
c. red
d. green

a. orange

31

Selecting ________ base colors creates brighter colors.
a. cool
b. warm
c. neutral
d. a mix of cool and warm

b. warm

32

Demipermanent haircolor _________ color.
a. both deposits and lifts
b. neither deposits or lifts
c. lifts but does not deposit
d. deposits but does not lift

d. deposits but does not lift

33

During a haircolor consultation, you should:
a. look at the client through the mirror
b. look at the client directly
c. look only at the clients hair
d. avoid looking at the client

b. look at the client directly

34

Which of these words is the best choice to use when discussing haircolor with clients?
a. good
b. bleached
c. soft
d. frosted

c. soft

35

When performing a patch test, which color should you use?
a. the same color that will be used for the haircolor service
b. a shade slightly darker than the clients natural shade
c. a shade slightly lighter than the clients natural shade
d. the lightest shade available

a. the same color that will be used for the haircolor service

36

Hair that has previously received a color service will have:
a. no porosity
b. a greater degree of porosity
c. a typical level of porosity
d. much less porosity

b. a greater degree of porosity

37

Under-lighted hair is likely to appear to have more _______ than the intended color.
a. violet or blue
b. orange or blue
c. red or green
d. yellow or orange

d. yellow or orange

38

The term _______, or hue, refers to balance of color.
a. shade
b. tone
c. intensity
d. level

b. tone

39

Which of these is a coloring technique that requires two separate procedures in which the hair is prelightened before the depositing color is applied?
a. cap technique
b. reverse highlighting
c. baliage
d. double-process application

d. double-process application

40

The melanin that gives blond and red colors to hair is called:
a. eumelanin
b. mixed melanin
c. pheomelanin
d. cyanmelanin

c. pheomelanin

41

The powdered persulfate salts added to the haircolor to increase its lightening ability are called:
a. activators
b. toners
c. highlighters
d. fillers

a. activators

42

The term _______ refers to a combination of equal parts of a prepared permanent color mixture and shampoo used the last 5 minutes and worked through the hair to refresh the ends.
a. line of demarcation
b. level system
c. oxidation
d. soap cap

d. soap cap

43

Which of these terms refers to varying degrees of warmth exposed during a permanent color or lightening process?
a. overtone
b. contributing pigment
c. hue
d. level

b. contributing pigment

44

Which of these is a technique of coloring strands of hair darker that the natural color?
a. reverse highlighting
b. two-step highlighting
c. bleaching
d. highlighting

a. reverse highlighting

45

What is the unit of measurement used too identify the lightness or darkness of a color?
a. hue
b. tone
c. intensity
d. level

d. level

46

What is the proper way to write the term that refers to the natural color of hair?
a. haircolor
b. hair color
c. hair-color
d. hair/color

b. hair color

47

A(n) ______ is a chemical compound that lightens hair by dispersing, dissolving and decolorizing the natural hair pigment.
a. toner
b. soap cap
c. lightner
d. activator

c. lightner

48

Which of these measures the concentration and strength of hydrogen peroxide?
a. intensity
b. volume
c. level
d. tone

b. volume

49

Colors obtained from the leaves or bark of plants are called:
a. earth tone haircolors
b. biocolors
c. ecocolors
d. natural haircolors

d. natural haircolors

50

A _______ is a non-ammonia color that adds shine and tone to the hair.
a. gradual haircolor
b. pheomelanin
c. glaze
d. filler

c. glaze

51

Which of the following is used to recondition damaged, overly porous hair and equalize porosity so that the hair accepts the color evenly from the strand to strand and from the scalp to ends?
a. conditioner filler
b. aniline derivatives
c. glaze
d. activator

a. conditioner filler

52

The term _______ means difficult for moisture or chemicals to penetrate.
a. baliage
b. demipermanent
c. resistant
d. level

c. resistant

53

Which of these is an oxidizing agent that, when mixed with an oxidation haircolor, supplies the necessary oxygen gas to develop the color molecules and create a change in natural haircolor?
a. hydrogen peroxide developer
b. permanent haircolor
c, toner
d. gradual haircolor

a. hydrogen peroxide developer

54

A _________ is used to equalize porosity and deposit color in one application to provide a uniform contributing pigment on prelightened hair.
a. conditioner filler
b. toning glaze
c. color filler
d. developer

c. color filler

55

Which of these is a process that involves taking a narrow 1/8-inch (0.3 centimeters) section of hair by making a straight part at the scalp, positioning the hair over foil, and applying lightening or color?
a. decolorizing
b. baliage
c. highlighting
d. slicing

d. slicing

56

The system for understanding color relationships is called:
a. the color wheel
b. the law of color
c. chromatics
d. the rule of tones

b. the law of color

57

The term _______ refers to the first time the hair is colored.
a. virgin application
b. proto-application
c. pre-service
d. retouch

a. virgin application

58

Which type of melanin lends black and brown colors to hair?
a. mixed melanin
b. cyanmelanin
c. pheomelanin
d. eumelanin

d. eumelanin

59

A(n) __________ is a powdered lightener that cannot be used directly on the scalp.
a. presoftener
b. reverse highlighter
c. off-the-scalp lightener
d. toner

c. off-the-scalp lightener

60

Haircolors containing metal salts that change hair color gradually by progressive buildup and exposure to air, creating a dull, metallic appearance, are called:
a. sodium haircolors
b. gradual haircolors
c. tertiary haircolors
d. aniline derivatives

b. gradual haircolors

61

A ________ is a test performed to determine how the hair will react to the color formula and how long the formula should be left on the hair.
a. strand test
b. patch test
c. base test
d. activation test

a. strand test

62

When identifying natural levels for a haircolor service, your most valuable tool is the:
a. finishing comb
b. LED lamp
c. vent brush
d. color wheel

d. color wheel

63

The medium primary color is:
a. red
b. blue
c. yellow
d. violet

a. red

64

Which type of color adds subtle color results?
a. demipermanent color
b. semipermanent color
c. permanent haircolor
d. temporary haircolor

b. semipermanent color

65

Which of these is a role of the alkalizing ingredient in permanent haircolor?
a. to decrease the penetration of the due within the hair
b. to prevent the lightening action of peroxide
c. to raise the cuticle of the hair
d. to coat the hair without penetrating it

b. to prevent the lightening action of peroxide

66

Henna is an example of:
a. metallic haircolor
b. natural haircolor
c. temporary haircolor
d. highlighting haircolor

b. natural haircolor

67

What is the standard hydrogen peroxide volume?
a. 10 volume
b. 20 volume
c. 30 volume
d. 40 volume

b. 20 volume

68

A release statement is NOT:
a. designed to protect the school or salon for responsibility for accidents
b. used to help explain to clients the risk involved in a chemical service
c. required for most forms of malpractice insurance
d. a legally binding contract

d. a legally binding contract

69

Semipermanent colors:
a. lighten
b. contains oxidizers
c. deposit color
d. remove color

c. deposit color

70

A _______ consistency provides the best control during the application of lightener as part of a double-process haircoloring service.
a. creamy
b. watery
c. powdery
d. very thick

a. creamy

71

A presoftener acts like a stain to the hair.
T or F

True

72

Clients who have their hair colored usually visit the salon every 2-4 weeks.
T or F

False

73

Pheomelanin is the melanin that gives blonde and red colors hair.
T or F

True

74

Powdered off-the-scalp lighteners contain persulfate salts for quicker and stronger lightening.
T or F

True

75

The classifications of nonoxidative haircolor are demipermanent and permanent.
T or F

False

76

Base color is the predominant tone of a color.
T or F

True

77

Hair that looks like gunmetal gray is ready to receive color.
T or F

False

78

Viscosity measures the concentration and strength of hydrogen peroxide.
T to F

False

79

Primary and secondary colors that are positioned opposite each other on the color wheel are:
A. Complementary colors
B. Contrasting colors
C. Permanent colors
D. Tertiary colors

A. Complementary colors

80

When the cuticle of a hair is lifted and the hair is overly porous and absorbs color quickly, the hair porosity is defined as:
A. High
B. Medium
C. Low
D. Even

A. High

81

The part of the hair shaft between the scalp and hair that has been previously colored is the:
A. Follicle
B. Medulla
C. New growth
D. Reaction

C. New growth

82

The U.S. Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act prescribes that a predisposition test be given:
A. 5-10 minutes prior to application
B. 10-15 hours prior to application
C. 24-48 hours prior to application
D. 20-25 minutes prior to application

C. 24-48 hours prior to application

83

The darkest hair colors in the level system are identified as being a level:
A. 1
B. 3
C. 6
D. 10

A. 1

84

Hair texture is determined by the diameter of individual hair:
A. Lengths
B. Color
C. Strands
D. Sections

C. Strands

85

You should NEVER apply hair color to a client if the scalp has any obvious signs of:
A. Dandruff
B. Demarcations
C. Abrasions
D. Fading

C. Abrasions

86

A color obtained by mixing equal parts of two primary colors is a:
A. Base color
B. Tertiary color
C. Contributing color
D. Secondary color

D. Secondary color

87

The most critical part of a color service is the:
A. Haircolor consultation
B. Client draping
C. Color removal
D. Shampoo

A. Haircolor consultation

88

When applying color using the brush-and-bowl method, the mixing bowl should be:
A. Metal
B. Nonmetallic
C. Large
D. Nonbreakable

B. Nonmetallic

89

All hair coloring products require a patch test with the exception of:
A. Semipermanent colors
B. Temporary colors
C. Permanent colors
D. Demipermanent

B. Temporary colors

90

Overlapping hair color on previously tinted hair can cause breakage and create a visible line:
A. Application
B. Demarcation
C. Alteration
D. Solution

B. Demarcation

91

Chemical compounds that lighten hair by dispersing, dissolving, and decolorizing the natural pigment:
A. Hair oxidizers
B. Hair decolorizers
C. Hair lighteners
D. Hair levels

C. Hair lighteners

92

The standard volume of hydrogen peroxide used to achieve most results with permanent haircolor is:
a. 10 volume
b. 20 volume
c. 30 volume
d. 40 volume

b. 20 volume

93

When all three primary colors are present in equal proportions, the resulting color is:
a. brown
b. black
c. green
d. orange

b. brown

94

When applying color for a single-process retouch application, the color should be applied to the new growth using:
a. 1" partings
b. 3/4" partings
c. 1/4" partings
d. 1/2" partings

c. 1/4" partings

95

The hue or balance of color seen in the hair is referred to as:
a. scale
b. depth
c. value
d. tone

d. tone

96

Hair coloring products that are used primarily on prelightened hair to achieve pale and delicate colors are:
a. tints
b. toners
c. rinses
d. organic

b. toners

97

Clients with hair in questionable condition who request chemical services should be required to sign a:
a. release statement
b. record card
c. color card
d. receipt

a. release statement

98

Tones can be described as cool, warm or:
a. neutral
b. level
c. light
d. dark

a. neutral

99

Decolorizing the hair's natural pigment allows the colorist to create the exact degree of:
a. complimentary color
b. artificial color
c. neutralizing pigment
d. contributing pigment

d. contributing pigment

100

Powdered persulfate salts added to haircolor to increase its lightening ability are:
a. accelerators
b. ammonias
c. activators
d. diffuesers

c. activators

101

The coloring products that are regarded as the best for covering fray hair is:
a. liquid haircoloring
b. protein colors
c. demipermanent colors
d. permanent haircolors

d. permanent haircolors

102

Natural, vegetable ad metallic hair colors are also known as:
a. base colors
b. ammonia colors
c. gradual colors
d. cortex colors

c. gradual colors

103

The predisposition test is generally conducted behind the ear or:
a. on the inner forearm
b. on the neck
c. on the inner wrist
d. inside the elbow

d. inside the elbow

104

The system used by colorist to analyze the lightness or darkness of a hair color is:
a. the color wheel
b. the level system
c. melanin distribution
d. the primary color system

b. the level system

105

A color achieved by mixing equal parts of a secondary color and its neighboring primary color on the color wheel is a:
a. complimentary color
b. pigmented color
c. tertiary color
d. base color

c. tertiary color

106

Lighteners that have a thicker consistency and give more control during scalp application are:
a. cream lighteners
b. powder lighteners
c. oil lighteners
d. paste lighteners

a. cream lighteners

107

Coloring products that have a coating action on the hair and are removed by shampooing are:
a. semipermanent colors
b. ammonia colors
c. primary colors
d. temporary colors

d. temporary colors

108

The coloring technique that involves coloring some strands of hair lighter than the natural color is:
a. activation
b. toning
c. lowlighting
d. highlighting

d. highlighting

109

The hair type with a large diameter that can take longer to process hair color is:
a. fine-textured hair
b. medium-textured hair
c. coarse-textured hair
d. long hair

c. coarse-textured hair

110

The process of treating gray or very resistant hair to allow for better penetration of color is:
a. accelerating
b. presoftening
c. prescribing
d. developing

b. presoftening

111

Fundamentals or pure colors that cannot be achieved from a mixture are:
a. warm colors
b. base colors
c. primary colors
d. secondary

c. primary colors

112

The melanin that gives black and brown color to hair is:
a. primary
b. eumelanin
c. pigment
d. pheomelanin

b. eumelanin

113

The system used for understanding color relationships is the:
a. color wheel
b. law of color
c. level system
d. color system

b. law of color

114

In the weaving technique, selected strands are picked up from a narrow section of hair with a:
a. straight part
b. balanced part
c. soft motion
d. zigzag motion

d. zigzag motion

115

Colors that can look deeper than their actual level are:
a. natural tones
b. cool tones
c. warm tones
d. lightest tones

b. cool tones

116

Neutral base colors are often used to cover:
a. gray hair
b. red tones
c. gold tones
d. ash tones

a. gray hair