Chapter 26 - Pedicuring Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 26 - Pedicuring Deck (50):
1

When performing a pedicure, you should grasp the foot between your thumb and fingers at the:
a. bottom of the foot
b. heel area
c. mid-tarsal area
d. ankle area

c. mid-tarsal area

2

What are the basic steps to properly disinfect a foot spa after each pedicure service?
a. Drain water and remove water and contaminants, add soap and water, rinse and dry.
b. Drain and remove water and contaminants, clean surface, disinfect with approved disinfectant, rinse and dry.
c. Drain and remove water, disinfect with approved disinfectant, rinse and dry.
d. Change water, add soap, disinfect with approved disinfectant, thoroughly rinse and dry.

b. Drain and remove water and contaminants, clean surface, disinfect with approved disinfectant, rinse and dry.

3

The weekly maintenance procedure for a pipe-less foot spa requires the disinfectant solution to remain in the foot spa:
a. at least 10 minutes
b. no more than 30 minutes
c. overnight
d. over the weekend

c. overnight

4

Which massage technique is used most with a pedicure?
a. effleurage
b. petrissage
c. tapotement
d. reflexology

a. effleurage

5

Which of the following should never be placed in the foot bath with the client's feet?
a. solution
b. antiseptic
c. magnesium salt
d. disinfectant

d. disinfectant

6

The chair the cosmetologist uses when performing a pedicure:
a. is usually high off the ground
b. should not be ergonomic
c. must be inexpensive
d. must be comfortable

d. must be comfortable

7

Electric foot mitts:
a. provide a great deal of client relaxation
b. create a cooling effect on the feet
c. prevent mask ingredients from penetrating too deeply
d. are designed to be used without any other products

a. provide a great deal of client relaxation

8

Exfoliating scrubs:
a. are designed to dry greasy feet
b. help reduce calluses
c. are usually oil-based
d. are smooth lotions

b. help reduce calluses

9

In order to be on time, you must be polishing ______ after beginning a one-hour pedicure.
a. 10-15 minutes
b. 30-35 minutes
c. 45-50 minutes
d. 50-55 minutes

c. 45-50 minutes

10

Reflexology practitioners believe that pressing certain reflex points on the feet:
a. transmit positive energy
b. decrease blood flow
c. cause significant discomfort
d. reverse signs of aging

a. transmit positive energy

11

A paraffin bath:
a. stimulates circulation
b. reduces product absorption
c. increases inflammation
d. cools the skin

a. stimulates circulation

12

Repeated exposure to pedicure water can cause:
a. hyperpigmentation
b. over hydration of the skin
c. cracking of the hands
d. a latex allergy

c. cracking of the hands

13

If a client books a standard pedicure and you discover that the feet are in unusually bad condition and will require more time than was scheduled, it is recommended that you:
a. take as much time as necessary, even if it means that other clients must wait
b. send the client home and tell her to book a longer appointment next time
c. cancel the few appointments to make time for the client
d. tell the client you will do your best but that an additional appointment will necessary

d. tell the client you will do your best but that an additional appointment will necessary

14

Scaly feet commonly require ______ treatment in the salon.
a. daily
b. weekly
c. monthly
d. yearly

b. weekly

15

Massage given during manicures and pedicures focuses on:
a. draining lymphatic fluid
b. muscle stimulation
c. pain relief
d. relaxation

d. relaxation

16

Which of these implements is commonly known as a paddle?
a. foot file
b. nail rasp
c. curette
d. nail file

a. foot file

17

Which of these is a metal implement with a grooved edge used for filing and smoothing the edges of the nail plate?
a. nail clipper
b. nippers
c. nail rasp
d. curette

c. nail rasp

18

A _______ is a small scoop-shaped implement use for more efficient removal of debris from the nail folds, eponychium and hyponychium areas.
a. nail rasp
b. curette
c. nail brush
d. tweezer

b. curette

19

The best type of ______ have jaws that are straight and come to a point.
a. nippers
b. toenail clippers
c. nail rasps
d. nail brushes

b. toenail clippers

20

Which implement is used to trim tags of dead skin?
a. nippers
b. nail clippers
c. finishing scissors
d. curette

a. nippers

21

How long are masks typically left on the client's skin?
a. 5-10 minutes
b. 10-15 minutes
c. 15-20 minutes
d. 20-30 minutes

a. 5-10 minutes

22

If a client drifts off during a pedicure, it is recommended that you:
a. try to engage fer in pleasant conversation
b. start telling her about the home care products that you offer
c. leave her alone and let her enjoy the service
d. squeeze her foot gently to wake her up

c. leave her alone and let her enjoy the service

23

Clients should be warned not to shave their legs ______ a pedicure.
a. 24 hours after
b. 48 hours after
c. 24 hours before
d. 48 hours before

d. 48 hours before

24

Some improvements in the feet require more than one appointment in services referred to as a:
a. set
b. system
c. series
d. symposium

c. series

25

Who bears the responsibility for ensuring that proper disinfection of the pedicure bath occurs?
a. the technician
b. the salon
c. neither the salon nor the technician
d. both the salon and the technician

d. both the salon and the technician

26

It is preferable to use a blade to remove calluses.
T or F

False

27

Work on the foot on the client;s non-dominant side first, because it usually needs more soaking and attention.
T or F

True

28

In the 1980's, pedicures exploded onto the service menus and became the fastest growing service in the industry.
T or F

False

29

Clients with scaly feet should be sent to a podiatrist to define whether the scaly condition is caused by a fungus.
T or F

True

30

Pedicures can cause more damage to clients than manicures.
T or F

True

31

Vigorous or strong massage techniques should be avoided on clients with sensitive or redness prone skin.
T or F

True

32

Hot paraffin baths should be given to clients with:
a. dry skin
b. sensitivity
c. heavy calluses
d. impaired foot circulation

d. impaired foot circulation

33

The massage technique used most often in a pedicure is:
a. friction
b. rotation
c. petrissage
d. effleurage

d. effleurage

34

When filing a toenail during a pedicure, the nails should be filed:
a. pointed with rounded corners
b. straight across with rounded corners
c. long with square corners
d. pointed and thin

b. straight across with rounded corners

35

Benefits of paraffin baths include all of the following EXCEPT:
a. stimulation of circulation
b. reduction of inflammation
c. deep penetration of lotions
d. reduction of heat sensitivity

d. reduction of heat sensitivity

36

To avoid the risk of infection, nippers should never be used on clients who are:
a. mature
b. diabetic
c. sensitive
d. allergic

b. diabetic

37

A disposable supply provided to clients to avoid smudging toenail polish after a pedicure are:
a. paper towels
b. disposable slippers
c. paper or foam slippers
d. toe separators

c. paper or foam slippers

38

Pedicure stations should have a chair with armrests for the client with armrests for the client, ergonomic chair for the nail professional, and a:
a. footrest for the client
b. foot scrub
c. footstool for the professional
d. retail display

b. foot scrub

39

When performing a pedicure, do not push back the:
a. eponychium
b. rough edges
c. dead tissue
d. cuticle tissue

b. rough edges

40

Foot files are also known as:
a. nippers
b. rasps
c. paddles
d. curettes

c. paddles

41

Which of the following is ideal for use around the edges of the big toe nail?
a. file
b. paddle
c. curette
d. rasp

c. curette

42

A metal file that is designed to file in one direction is a:
a. nail rasp
b. paddle
c.. curette
d. scooper

a. nail rasp

43

Toenail clippers that are the most effective should have jaws with a:
a. blunt point
b. fine point
c. curved point
d. dull point

b. fine point

44

A product used in the pedicure bath to cleanse and soften the skin is:
a. foot masque
b. foot soak
c. cuticle remover
d. massage oil

b. foot soak

45

A chemical that should never be added to the foot-bath with the client's feet is a(n):
a. antiseptic
b. sea salt
c. disinfectant
d. foot soak

c. disinfectant

46

Pedicures are a basic part of hygiene and good:
a. comfort
b. foot care
c. personal appearance
d. safety

b. foot care

47

Made of foam rubber or cotton and used to keep toes apart while polishing the nails
a. nail rasp
b. callus softener
c. toe separators
d. curette

c. toe separators

48

Products designed to soften and smooth thickened tissue
a. nail rasp
b. callus softener
c. toe separators
d. curette

b. callus softener

49

Small, scoop-shaped implement used for more efficient removal of debris from the nail folds, eponychium and hyponychium areas
a. nail rasp
b. callus softener
c. toe separators
d. curette

d. curette

50

Metal implement with a grooved edge used for filing and smoothing the edges of the nail plate
a. nail rasp
b. callus softener
c. toe separators
d. curette

a. nail rasp