Chapter 20 - Chemical Texture Services Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 20 - Chemical Texture Services Deck (65):
1

The chemical texture service that loosens overly curly hair into loose curls or waves is:
a. curl softening
b. curl re-formation
c. alternate waving
d. swelling compound

b. curl re-formation

2

The layer of the hair that provides strength and elasticity is the:
a. medulla
b. regular
c. cortex
d. arrector

c. cortex

3

The natural pH of hair is:
a. 4.5
b. 5.0
c. 7.0
d. 8.0

b. 5.0

4

In permanent waving, the size of the curl is determined by the:
a. position of the rod
b. length of the hair
c. wrapping of the rod
d. size of the rod

d. size of the rod

5

The technique of wrapping at a 90-degree angle or straight out from the center is:
a. half off-base placement
b. on-base placement
c. off-base placement
d. full base placement

a. half off-base placement

6

The two basic types of wrapping hair around a perm rod are the spiral method and:
a. loop method
b. croquignole method
c. placement method
d. horizontal method

b. croquignole method

7

A reduction reaction involves either the addition of hydrogen or removal of:
a. oxygen
b. peroxide
c. carbon
d. nitrgen

a. oxygen

8

Most alkaline permanent waves have a pH between:
a. 9.0-9.6
b. 10.0-10.8
c. 8.0-9.0
d. 7.6-8.4

a. 9.0-9.6

9

The basic components of acid waves are permanent wave solution, activator and:
a. conditioner
b. stabilizer
c. neutralizer
d. shampoo

c. neutralizer

10

The endothermic wave must be activated using a(n):
a. ammonia lotion
b. outside heat source
c. sulfite source
d. reducing agent

b. outside heat source

11

Permanent wave solution should be rinsed from the hair for a minimum of:
a. 2 minutes
b. 10 minutes
c. 15 minutes
d. 5 minutes

d. 5 minutes

12

The process of rearranging extremely curly hair into a straighter or smoother form is:
a. chemical hair relaxing
b. chemical smoothing
c. continuation
d. neutralizing

a. chemical hair relaxing

13

Thio chemical relaxers usually have a pH value above:
a. 5
b. 10
c. 9
d. 6

b. 10

14

Hydroxide ions left in the hair after a relaxer can be neutralized using a(n):
a. acid-balanced shampoo
b. conditioning rinse
c. thio neutralizer
d. acid-free shampoo

a. acid-balanced shampoo

15

Which type of relaxer contains one component and is used without any additional mixing?
a. thio relaxers
b. lye-based relaxers
c. metal hydroxide relaxers
d. acid-base relaxers

c. metal hydroxide relaxers

16

Lithium hydroxide relaxers and potassium hydroxide relaxers are often advertised and sold as:
a. conditioner relaxers
b. no-lye relaxers
c. no chemical relaxers
d. lye relaxers

b. no-lye relaxers

17

Which type of bonds are relatively weak physical side bonds that are the result of an attraction between negative and positive electrical changes?
a. disulfide bonds
b. polypeptide bonds
c. salts bonds
d. waving bonds

c. salts bonds

18

Which type of rod is also commonly known as a circle rod?
a. loops rods
b. soft bender rods
c. concave rods
d. straight rods

a. loops rods

19

For on-base placement, the hair is wrapped at a ________ angle beyond perpendicular to its base section, and the rod is positioned on its base.
a. 180-degree
b. 15-degree
c. 90-degree
d. 45-degree

d. 45-degree

20

Which of these permanent waves processes at room temperature?
a. ammonia-free wave
b. exothermic wave
c. low-pH wave
d. true acid wave

a. ammonia-free wave

21

Chemical texturizers ________ the pH of the hair.
a. lower
b. raise
c. neutralize
d. do not affect

b. raise

22

When should you perform an elasticity test?
a. before the hair perming
b. while perming hair
c. after perming hair
d. never

a. before the hair perming

23

Porous hair:
a. is difficult to penetrate
b. should never be permed
c. can be damaged by a highly alkaline permanent waving solution
d. can be damaged by a highly acidic permanent waving solution

c. can be damaged by a highly alkaline permanent waving solution

24

GMTG, the primary reducing agent in all acid waves, has:
a. no pH
b. a neutral pH
c. a high pH
d. a low pH

b. a neutral pH

25

True acid waves:
a. have a pH between 5.5-8.0
b. require heat to process
c. process very quickly
d. produce a very firm curl

d. produce a very firm curl

26

Ammonia-free waves:
a. have a very strong odor
b. are very acidic
c. contain some ammonia
d. can be damaging

d. can be damaging

27

In permanent waving, most of the processing takes place within:
a. 5-10 minutes
b. 10-20 minutes
c. 20-30 minutes
d. 45-60 minutes

a. 5-10 minutes

28

With permanent waving, it is recommended that you:
a. perm hair that has previously been treated with hydroxide relaxers
b. perm excessively damaged hair
c. examine the scalp before the perm service
d. perform a test for metallic salts only if the client requests it

c. examine the scalp before the perm service

29

With extremely curly hair, the twists are the __________ sections of the hair strands.
a. thickest and strongest
b. thinnest and weakest
c. thickest and weakest
d. thinnest and strongest

b. thinnest and weakest

30

Relaxers are:
a. extremely alkaline
b. extremely acidic
c. mildly alkaline
d. mildly acidic

a. extremely alkaline

31

If a clients hair has been treated with a hydroxide relaxer, it:
a. has disulfide bonds that are in the process of reforming
b. has strong disulfide bonds
c. is ideal for permanent waving
d. will not hold a curl

d. will not hold a curl

32

A ______ is a perm wrap in which one end paper is placed under and another is placed over the strand of hair being wrapped.
a. double flat wrap
b. double-rod wrap
c. croquignole perm wrap
d. single flat wrap

a. double flat wrapped

33

Which type of rods are usually about 12-inches (30.5 centimeters) long with a uniform diameter along the entire length?
a. straight rods
b. loop rods
c. soft bender rods
d. circle rods

c. soft bender rods

34

Thioglygolic acid:
a. has no odor
b. is a common reducing agent
c. is dark in color
d. has a pleasant scent

b. is a common reducing agent

35

The _________ is the innermost layer of the hair.
a. cortex
b. base
c. medulla
d. cuticle

c. medulla

36

The partings and bases radiate throughout the panes to follow the curvature of the head in which type of wrap?
a. bricklay permanent wrap
b. double flat wrap
c. spiral perm wrap
d. curvature permanent wrap

d. curvature permanent wrap

37

The chemical bonds that join amino acids together are called:
a. hydrogen bonds
b. peptide bonds
c. disulfide bonds
d. thio bonds

b. peptide bonds

38

A ________ is a type of perm wrap in which the hair is wrapped at an angle other than perpendicular to the length of the rod.
a. spiral perm wrap
b. straight set wrap
c. basic permanent wrap
d. bookend wrap

a. spiral perm wrap

39

Which of these is a method of hair straightening that combines the use of a thio relaxer with flat ironing?
a. weave technique
b. Japanese thermal straightening
c. thio neutralization
d. no-base relaxing

b. Japanese thermal straightening

40

Which type of relaxer requires the application of a protective base cream to the entire scalp prior to the application of the relaxer?
a. hydroxide relaxer
b. metal hydroxide relaxer
c. thio relaxer
d. base relaxer

d. base relaxer

41

The middle layer or the hair is the:
a. medulla
b. cuticle
c. cortex
d. base

c. cortex

42

Which of these terms refers to the angle at which the rod is positioned on the head?
a. base placement
b. base direction
c. base insertion
d. base reduction

b. base direction

43

A _______ is a type of wrap that uses one end paper folded in half over the hair ends like an envelope.
a. basic permanent wrap
b. curvature permanent wrap
c. bricklay permanent wrap
d. bookend wrap

d. bookend wrap

44

A ____ is a wrapping pattern in which all the rods within a panes move in the same direction and are positioned on equal-sized bases.
a. basic permanent wrap
b. croquinole perm wrap
c. double-end wrap
d. bookend wrap

a. basic permanent wrap

45

Which of these are commonly known as lye relaxers?
a. metal hydroxide relaxers
b. carbonate hydroxide relaxers
c. sodium hydroxide relaxers
d. iron hydroxide relaxers

c. sodium hydroxide relaxers

46

Which rods are equal in diameter along their entire length or curling area?
a. straight rods
b. loop rods
c. concave rods
d. convex rods

a. straight rods

47

Which of these terms refers to the thickness or thinness of a liquid
a. duration
b. viscosity
c. intensity
d. amperage

b. viscosity

48

The _______ is the tough exterior layer of the hair.
a. cuticle
b. medulla
c. base
d. cortex

a. cuticle

49

Which of these terms refers to the position of the rod in relation to its base section?
a. base altitude
b. half of-base placement
c. base direction
d. base placement

d. base placement

50

A ____ is a type of wrap in which the hair is wrapped on one rod from the scalp to midway down the hair shaft.
a. spiral perm wrap
b. double flat wrap
c. piggyback wrap
d. bricklay wrap

c. piggyback wrap

51

Which of these stops the action of the waving solution and rebuilds the hair into its new curly form?
a. lanthionization
b. thio neutralization
c. hydroxide neutralization
d. peptide neutralization

b. thio neutralization

52

Long chains of amino acids joined together by peptide bonds are known as:
a. neutralization
b. monopeptide chains
c. amino chains
d. polypeptide chains

d. polypeptide chains

53

The process by which hydroxide relaxers permanently straighten hair is called:
a. lanthionization
b. permanent waving
c. normalization
d. sidulfide bonding

a. lanthionization

54

Hydrogen bonds can be broken by:
a. only water
b. only heat
c. either water or heat
d. neither water or heat

c. either water or heat

55

The reducing agent used in permanet waving solutions is commonly referred to as:
a. hydroxide
b. thio
c. sulfate
d. disulfide

b. thio

56

Manufacturers add an alkalizing agent to waving solutions because the acid in them:
a. swells the hair
b. penetrates into the cortex
c. both swells the hair and penetrates into the cortex
d. neither swells the hair and penetrates into the cortex

d. neither swells the hair and penetrates into the cortex

57

A pH of 7.0 is __________ than the pH of hair.
a. 10 times more alkaline
b. 100 times more alkaline
c. 10 times more acidic
d. 100 times more acidic

b. 100 times more alkaline

58

Most of the acid waves found in today's salons have a pH between:
a. 7.8-8.2
b. 9.5-10.5
c. 3.8-4.2
d. 4.5-5.5

a. 7.8-8.2

59

Which of these is NOT one of the three main components of an exothermic wave?
a. permanent waving solution
b. neutralizer
c. activator
d. concentrrator

d. concentrrator

60

A(n) _______ uses an endothermic process.
a. alkaline wave
b. thio-free wave
c. low-pH
d. acid-balanced wave

c. low-pH

61

Which type of perm is recommended for very damaged hair?
a. true acid wave
b. exothermic wave
c. ammonia-free wave
d. alkaline wave

a. true acid wave

62

What is the most common neutralizer?
a. ammonia
b. hydrogen peroxide
c. sodium chloride
d. distilled water

b. hydrogen peroxide

63

When rinsing the hair for a permanent wave, it is recommended that you:
a. never rinse longer than 20 seconds
b. make sure the hair is still moderately moist before neutralizing
c. always smell the hair after the recommended time has elapsed
d. aggressively blot the hair

c. always smell the hair after the recommended time has elapsed

64

Japenese thermal straightening:
a. is a recommended service for extremely curly hair
b. usually takes about 30 minutes
c. is appropriate for all color-treated hair
d. is sometimes called thermal reconditioning

d. is sometimes called thermal reconditioning

65

Mild-strength relaxers are formulated for:
a. normal hair texture with a medium natural curl
b. fine, color-treated, or damaged hair
c. very coarse, extremely curly hair
d. resistant hair

b. fine, color-treated, or damaged hair