Chapter 17 - Hair Styling Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 - Hair Styling Deck (95):
1

The first step in the hairstyling process should always be a:
a. cool water shampoo
b. draping procedure
c. client consultation
d. conditioning treatment

c. client consultation

2

Shaping and directing the hair into an S formation using a comb, lotion and the fingers is called:
a. hairstyling
b. finger waving
c. ridge curls
d. roller setting

b. finger waving

3

In creating horizontal finger waves, the waves are placed:
a. up and down the head
b. on the heavy side of the head
c. down and parallel
d. sideways and parallel around the head

d. sideways and parallel around the head

4

The stationary foundation of the a pin curl is the:
a. base
b. curl
c. section
d. stem

a. base

5

Pin curls that produce tight, firm, long-lasting curls and allow for minimum mobility are known as:
a. off-base pin curls
b. half -stem pin curls
c. on-base pin curls
d. no-stem pin curls

d. no-stem pin curls

6

Pin curls formed in a shaping should begin at the:
a. open end
b. closed side
c. odd side
d. shaping side

a. open end

7

Pin curl bases are referred to as rectangular, triangular, square or:
a. S-shaped
b. arc-based
c. no-base
d. circular

b. arc-based

8

Pin curl curls sliced from a shaping and formed without lifting the hair from the head are known as:
a. stem curls
b. design curls
c. carved curls
d. ridge curls

c. carved curls

9

The panel of hair on which a roller is placed is the:
a. stem
b. section
c. base
d. subsection

c. base

10

Hair between the scalp and the first turn of a roller is the:
a. curl
b. base
c. arc
d. stem

d. stem

11

The point where curls of opposite directions meet forming a recessed area is called the:
a. indentation
b. convex
c. divot
d. wave

a. indentation

12

To smooth hair that is backcombed, the teeth of the comb or brush should be held at a _______ pointing away from you.
a. 15-degree angle
b. 45-degree angle
c. 90-degree angle
d. 0-degree angle

b. 45-degree angle

13

Which type of styling product is also commonly known as mousse?
a. texturizer
b. holding spray
c. styling gel
d. foam

d. foam

14

A benefit of using ________ is that it offers firmer, longer hold for fine hair with the least amount of heaviness.
a. heavy gel with weight
b. holding spray
c. texturizer
d. pomade

c. texturizer

15

Which of these styling aids is applied to damp wavy or curling hair to create a straight look when the hair is blown dry?
a. foam
b. straightening gel
c. spray gel
d. mousse

b. straightening gel

16

To remove dirt, oils and product residue from the barrel of a thermal iron, use a dampened towel with a soapy solution containing a few drops of:
a. styling gel
b. peroxide
c. ammonia
d. conditioner

c. ammonia

17

Which of the following is a technique used to temporarily straighten extremely curly or unruly hair until the hair is shampooed?
a. hair pressing
b. blowdrying
c. thermal curling
d. deep cleansing

a. hair pressing

18

Applying a thermal pressing comb through the hair twice on each side to remove curl is a:
a. hard press
b. soft press
c. thermal press
d. medium press

a. hard press

19

A tight scalp can be made more flexible with hair brushing and the systematic use of:
a. conditioning masks and shampoos
b. scalp massage
c. conditioning
d. roller sets

b. scalp massage

20

When executing an updo, always inspect the shape you are building from every angle to ensure that it is:
a. smooth and flat
b. balanced and well-proportioned
c. elaborate and sturdy
d. soft and shiny

b. balanced and well-proportioned

21

After heating the iron to the desired temperature, you test it on:
a. the clients hair
b. your own hair
c. a piece of tissue paper
d. your finger

c. a piece of tissue paper

22

When using rollers, one and a half turns will create:
a. a wave
b. curls
c. a C-shape curl
d. cornrows

a. a wave

23

Hot rollers are to be used on:
a. wet hair only
b. damp hair only
c. dry hair only
d. wet or dry hair

c. dry hair only

24

Clients are most likely to request a pleat for:
a. a relaxing summer style
b. a warming winter style
c. casual activities
d. a special event

d. a special event

25

How long do velcro rollers need to stay in the hair?
a. 5 to 10 minutes
b. 10 to 15 minutes
c. 15 to 20 minutes
d. 20 to 30 minutes

a. 5 to 10 minutes

26

Wrapping can be done:
a. only on wet hair
b. only on dry hair
c. only on damp hair
d. on wet or dry hair

d. on wet or dry hair

27

The technique of drying and styling damp hair in one operation is called:
a. shaping
b. blowdry styling
c. unistyling
d. hair wrapping

b. blowdry styling

28

The _______ is a nozzle attachment with a directional feature that creates a concentrated stream of air.
a. volumizer
b. stem
c. diffuser
d. concentrator

d. concentrator

29

Thermal waving is also known as:
a. thio waving
b. straight waving
c. Marcel waving
d. shell waving

c. Marcel waving

30

Nonelectrical thermal irons are commonly favored by stylists who cater to clients with ________ hair.
a. straight
b. wavy
c. curly
d. excessively curly

d. excessively curly

31

What is the best way to practice manipulative techniques with thermal irons?
a. rolling the cold iron in your hand first forward, then backward
b. rolling the cold iron in you hand first backward, then forward
c. rolling the warmed iron in your hand first forward, then backward
d. rolling the warmed iron in your hand first backward, the forward

a. rolling the cold iron in your hand first forward, then backward

32

Thermal curling is effective for all BUT which of the following?
a. straight hair
b. pressed hair
c. wigs made of nylon
d. wigs made of human hair

c. wigs made of nylon

33

End curls can be used to give a finished appearance to the ends of _________ hair.
a. long
b. medium
c. short
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

34

Full-based curls:
a. cannot be created with a thermal iron
b. provide a strong curl
c. provide a little volume
d. sit at the end of their base

b. provide a strong curl

35

Who can diagnose scalp skin disease?
a. a dermatologist
b. a cosmetologist
c. a dermatologist or cosmetologist
d. neither a dermatologist or cosmetologist

a. a dermatologist

36

Coarse, extremely curly hair:
a. requires extra heat to press
b. requires little hear to press
c. requires little pressure to press
d. has a small diameter

a. requires extra heat to press

37

When tempering a new pressing, you should NOT:
a. heat the comb until it is extremely hot
b. coat the comb in petroleum or pressing oil
c. cool the comb in the freezer
d. rinse the comb under hot running water to remove the oil

c. cool the comb in the freezer

38

Which of the following is usually recommended at the side front hairline for a smooth, upsweep effect?
a. barrel curls
b. rectangular base curls
c. cascade curls
d. square base pin curls

b. rectangular base curls

39

Which type of curls are usually recommended along the front or facial hairline to prevent breaks or splits in the finished hairstyle?
a. ridge curls
b. cascade curls
c. triangular base pin curls
d. rectangular base pin curls

c. triangular base pin curls

40

Which type of curls are suitable for curly hairstyles without much volume and lift, can be used on any part of the head, and will comb out with lasting results?
a. ridge curls
b. barrel curls
c. rectangular base curls
d. square base curls

d. square base curls

41

Where are skip waves typically found?
a. the side of the head
b. the back of the head
c. the top of the head
d. the forehead

a. the side of the head

42

Pin curls placed immediately behind or below a ridge to form a wave are called:
a. triangular base curls
b. cascade curls
c. barrel curls
d. ridge curls

d. ridge curls

43

Which type of curls are also known as stand-up curls?
a. rectangular base curls
b. cascade curls
c. ridge curls
d. triangular base pin curls

b. cascade curls

44

Which type of curls have large center openings and are fastened to the head in a standing position on a rectangular base?
a. cascade curls
b. ridge curls
c. barrel curls
d. square base pin curls

c. barrel curls

45

Which roller position is recommended for full volume?
a. on base
b. off case
c. half base
d. dual base

a. on base

46

Which roller position is recommended for the least volume?
a. on base
b. off base
c. half base
d. dual base

b. off base

47

Which of these is used to build a soft cushion or to mesh two or more curl patterns together for a uniform and smooth comb out?
a. sidecombing
b. sidebrushing
c. backcombing
d. backbrushing

d. backbrushing

48

Which of these involves combing small sections of hair from the ends toward the scalp, causing shorter hair to mat at the scalp forming a cushion or base?
a. sidecombing
b. sidebrushing
c. backcombing
d. backbrushing

c. backcombing

49

A ________ is a half-round, rubber-based brush.
a. vent brush
b. grooming brush
c. classic styling brush
d. teasing brush

c. classic styling brush

50

A ________ is generally an oval brush with a mixture of boar and nylon bristles.
a. vent brush
b. grooming brush
c. classic styling brush
d. teasing brush

b. grooming brush

51

A _______ is a thin, nylon styling brush that has a tail for sectioning, along with a narrow row of bristles.
a. vent brush
b. grooming brush
c. classic styling brush
d. teasing brush

d. teasing brush

52

A ________ is a brush used to speed up the blowdrying process.
a. vent brush
b. grooming brush
c. classic styling brush
d. teasing brush

a. vent brush

53

Finger waving was very popular during the:
a. 1920s & 1930s
b. 1940s & 1950s
c. 1960s & 1970s
d. 1980s & 1990s

a. 1920s and 1930s

54

Arc-based pin curls are also known as:
a. S-curls
b. V-curls
c. half-moon curls
d. full-moon curls

c. half-moon curls

55

Which part of a roller curl is also known as the circle?
a. the base
b. the curl
c. the stem
d. the paddle

b. the curl

56

How many times do you turn the roller to create a C-shape?
a. one
b. one and a half
c. two
d. two and a half

a. one

57

Velcro rollers can be used:
a. only on wet hair
b. only on dry hair
c. only on damp hair
d. on wet, dry or damp hair

b. only on dry hair

58

A hood dryer is recommended if you want:
a. a set that does not last long
b. the hair to dry quickly
c. a softer result
d. pin curls

d. pin curls

59

When you use a comb with teeth spaced closely together, it:
a. removes definition from the curl
b. lifts the hair away from the head
c. creates a textured surface
d. creates a smooth surface

c. creates a textured surface

60

Which type of styling product is also known as wax?
a. pomade
b. silicone
c. finishing spray
d. volumizer

a. pomade

61

Pin curls do not work on naturally curly hair.
T or F

False

62

Velcro roller are used only on wet hair.
T or F

False

63

The most widely used hairstyling product is gel.
T or F

False

64

It is important to temper a new brass pressing comb so that it will hold heat evenly along its entire length and provide consistent results.
T or F

True

65

Silicone adds weight to the hair by causing strands to join together, showing separation in the hair
T or F

False

66

On curly hair, wet wrapping creates a smooth, sleek look.
T or F

True

67

For a roller set where the least amount of volume is desired, roller should be placed:
a. completely off the base
b. completely on the base
c. half off the base
d. half on the base

a. completely off the base

68

Combing small sections of hair from the ends toward the scalp to form a cushion at the base is known as:
a. teasing
b. slicing
c. backbrushing
d. smoothing

a. teasing

69

Two rows of ridge curls on the side of the head are called:
a. dual waves
b. carved curls
c. sculpture waves
d. skip waves

d. skip waves

70

The edge of a flat iron that is nearest to the stylist is called the:
a. beveled edge
b. outer edge
c. inner edge
d. flat edge

c. inner edge

71

Large diameter pin curls that are similar to a roller but do not have the same amount of tension are:
a. straight curls
b. rectangular curls
c. open curls
d. barrel curls

d. barrel curls

72

The most commonly shaped pin curl is the:
a. arc base
b. rectangular base
c. square base
d. panel base

a. arc base

73

The process of temporarily straightening extremely by means of heated comb is called:
a. hair pressing
b. hair texturizing
c. hair relaxing
d. hair treatments

a. hair pressing

74

The type of hair pressing service that removes 50-60 percent of the curl is the:
a. classic press
b. soft press
c. hard press
d. medium press

b. soft press

75

Another term used to describe backbrushing is:
a. backcombing
b. matting
c. teasing
d. ruffing

d. ruffing

76

A true hairdo created out of a simple ponytail that can be a simple style or dressed up is a(n):
a. pleat
b. chignon
c. twist
d. blowdry

b. chignon

77

Along the front hairline to prevent splits or breaks in the finished style, the recommended base to use is:
a. triangular base
b. square base
c. oblong base
d. rectangular base

a. triangular base

78

A section of hair molded in a circular movement in preparation for the formation of a pin curl is:
a. ribbon
b. curl
c. stem
d. size

c. stem

79

When executing an updo, inspect the shape from every angle to make sure it is:
a. simple and balanced
b. well balanced and proportioned
c. large and creative
d. executed and large

b. well balanced and proportioned

80

The movement or amount of mobility of a curl is determined by the:
a. base
b. circle
c. stem
d. size

c. stem

81

The edges on flat irons that create smooth, straight styles on very curly hair are:
a. round
b. straight
c. outer
d. beveled

b. straight

82

The press performed when the hair becomes curly again due to perspiration or dampness is a:
a. soft press
b. chemical press
c. touch-up
d. moderate press

c. touch-up

83

Pin curls that produce waves that get smaller in size toward the end are:
a. ridge curls
b. open-center curls
c. closed-center curls
d. half-stem curls

c. closed-center curls

84

Pin curls sliced from a shaping and formed without lifting the hair from the head are referred to as:
a. ridge curls
b. carved curls
c. alternating curls
d. skip waves

b. carved curls

85

Large, flat brushes with staggered pin patterns used for mid-to-longer hair length are:
a. vent brushes
b. grooming brushes
c. classic styling brushes
d. paddle brushes

d. paddle brushes

86

Good-quality pressing combs are constructed of either:
a. brass or iron
b. brass or porcelain
c. stainless steel or brass
d. stainless steel or tin

c. stainless steel or brass

87

The panel of hair on which a roller is placed is called the:
a. section
b. panel
c. base
d. circle

c. base

88

A blowdryer attachment used to accentuate or keep textural definition is a(n):
a. concentrator
b. nozzle
c. diffuser
d. element

c. diffuser

89

The hair type that is very resistant to hair pressing and requires more heat and pressure is:
a. fine/soft
b. coarse/brittle
c. wiry/curly
d. medium/straight

c. wiry/curly

90

The correct temperature setting of the iron for thermal curling is determined by the :
a. texture of hair
b. length of hair
c. type of iron used
d. size of iron used

a. texture of hair

91

To remove the carbon buildup from the metal portion of a pressing comb, immerse the metal portion of the comb in a solution containing:
a. sodium hydroxide
b. baking soda
c. hydrogen peroxide
d. ammonia water

b. baking soda

92

Thermal curls placed very high on their base, providing maximum lift or volume:
a. Texturizer
b. Volume-based curls
c. Concentrator
d. No-stem curl

b. Volume-based curls

93

Styling product that is lighter and less viscous than firm-hold gels, used for easy styling, defining and molding
a. Texturizer
b. Volume-based curls
c. Concentrator
d. No-stem curl

a. Texturizer

94

Curl placed directly on its base to produce a tight, firm, long-lasting curl
a. Texturizer
b. Volume-based curls
c. Concentrator
d. No-stem curl

d. No-stem curl

95

Nozzle attachment of a blowdryer that directs the air stream to any section of the hair more intensely
a. Texturizer
b. Volume-based curls
c. Concentrator
d. No-stem curl

c. Concentrator