Chapter 11 - Properties of Hair and Scalp Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 - Properties of Hair and Scalp Deck (110):
1

The two parts of a mature strand of human hair are the:
a. dermis and epidermis
b. hair shaft and hair follicle
c. hair shaft and hair root
d. hair root and hair follicle

c. hair shaft and hair root

2

The tube-like depression or pocket in the skin or scalp that contains the hair root is the:
a. follicle
b. shaft
c. bulb
d. scalp

a. follicle

3

Hair follicles are not found on the:
a. forehead area
b. back of the hands
c. soles of the feet
d. back of the neck

c. soles of the feet

4

The _________ is a tiny, involuntary muscle in the base of the hair follicle.
a. medulla
b. arrector pili
c. tinea
d. dermal papilla

b. arrector pili

5

An oily substance secreted from the sebaceous gland is:
a. sweat
b. lymph
c. catagen
d. sebum

d. sebum

6

For chemicals to penetrate a healthy cuticle hair layer, they must have:
a. no pH
b. a neutral pH
c. an alkaline pH
d. an acidic pH

c. an alkaline pH

7

The medulla is composed of ________ cells.
a. rod shaped
b. round
c. spiral shaped
d. rectangular

d. rectangular

8

The process whereby living cells mature and begin their journey up the hair shaft is:
a. anagen
b. catagen
c. keratinization
d. osmosis

c. keratinization

9

The five main elements that make up the chemical composition of human hair are carbon, oxygen, hydrogen and:
a. lead and zinc
b. keratin and selenium
c. boron and calcium
d. nitrogen and sulfer

d. nitrogen and sulfer

10

The chemical bonds that hold together the amino acid molecules are called:
a. convex bonds
b. peptide bonds
c. helium bonds
d. protein bonds

b. peptide bonds

11

Which type of melanin provides natural colors ranging from red and ginger to yellow and blond tones?
a. pheomelanin
b. eumelanin
c. polymelanin
d. biomelanin

a. pheomelanin

12

Asians tend to have:
a. extremely straight hair
b. extremely curly hair
c. straight to wavy hair
d. wavy to curly hair

a. extremely straight hair

13

To help minimize tangles in extremely curly hair when washing,you should use:
a. a drying shampoo
b. strong scalp manipulations
c. a detangling rinse
d. soap instead of shampoo

c. a detangling rinse

14

Hair texture is classified as:
a. wavy, straight or curly
b. coarse, medium or fine
c. light, medium or dark
d. long, medium or short

b. coarse, medium or fine

15

The measurement of individual hair strands on 1 square inch (2.5 square centimeters) of the scalp is:
a. hair density
b. hair elasticity
c. hair texture
d. hair porosity

a. hair density

16

Compared to hair with high porosity, chemical services performed on hair with low porosity require:
a. neutral solutions
b. more acidic solutions
c. solutions with the same pH
d. more alkaline solutions

d. more alkaline solutions

17

Wet hair with normal elasticity will stretch up to _______ of its original length.
a. 25%
b. 40%
c. 50%
d. 70%

c. 50%

18

Oily scalp and hair can be treated by properly washing it:
a. without shampoo
b. with normalizing shampoo
c. with conditioning shampoo
d. with dry shampoo

b. with normalizing shampoo

19

Which type of hair almost never has a medulla?
a. oily
b. pigmented
c. dark
d. vellus

d. vellus

20

The growth phase during which new hair is produced is:
a. patagen
b. telogen
c. anagen
d. catagen

c. anagen

21

The average growth of healthy scalp hair is:
a. 1/2" per week
b. 1" per week
c. 1/2" per month
d. 1" per month

c. 1/2" per month

22

The technical term used to describe gray hair is:
a. canities
b. tinea
c. alopecia
d. albino

a. canities

23

A condition of abnormal hair growth on areas of the body is:
a. trichorrhexxis
b. ringed hair
c. hypertrichosis
d. electrolysis

c. hypertrichosis

24

The medical term for dandruff is:
a. canities
b. pityriasis
c. alopecia
d. simplex

b. pityriasis

25

The body can produce 11 of the 20 ______ that make up hair.
a. amino acids
b. COHNS elements
c. disulfide bonds
d. polypeptide bonds

a. amino acids

26

Salt bonds account for about ________ of the hairs overall strength.
a. 1/4
b. 1/2
c. 1/3
d. 2/3

c. 1/3

27

The anagen phase generally lasts from three to five:
a. days
b. weeks
c. months
d. years

d. years

28

Scalp hair grows _______ on women than on men.
a. slower
b. faster
c. thinner
d. thicker

b. faster

29

The _______ phase signals the end of the growth phase.
a. cysteine
b. cystine
c. anagen
d. catagen

d. catagen

30

Scalp massage ________ hair growth.
a. increases
b. decreases
c. does not affect
d. is necessary for

c. does not affect

31

Compared to pigmented hair, gray hair is:
a. neither coarser nor more resistant
b. both coarser and more resistant
c. coarser
d. more resistant

a. neither coarser nor more resistant

32

Cross-sections of hair:
a. are always round
b. are always oval
c. are always flattened oval
d. can be almost any shape

d. can be almost any shape

33

Bald men are most commonly perceived as:
a. more assertive
b. younger
c. more physically attractive
d. less successful

d. less successful

34

By age 35, almost ________ percent of both men and women show some degree of hair loss.
a. 20
b. 30
c. 40
d. 50

c. 40

35

Finisteride is an oral prescription medication for hair loss that is meant for:
a. men only
b. women only
c. men and women
d. animals

a. men only

36

Congenital canities manifests:
a. at or before birth
b. during adolescence
c. during middle age
d. in the later years of life

a. at or before birth

37

Dandruff can easily be mistaken for:
a. tinea
b. dry scalp
c. pediculosis capitis
d. trichoptilosis

b. dry scalp

38

Dandruff is believed to be caused by a:
a. bacterium
b. virus
c. parasite
d. fungus

d. fungus

39

The most frequently encountered fungal infection resulting from hair services is:
a. tinea barbae
b. tinea capitis
c. tinea pedis
d. tinea favosa

a. tinea barbae

40

Tinea is characterized by:
a. numbness
b. blisters
c. sudden hair loss
d. itiching

d. itiching

41

The infestation of the hair and scalp with head lice is called:
a. hypertrochosis
b. trichoptilosis
c. pediculosis capitis
d. fragilitas crinium

c. pediculosis capitis

42

A carbuncle is similar to a furuncle, but is:
a. smaller
b. larger
c. much darker in color
d. much lighter in color

b. larger

43

Fine hair is ______ than coarse medium hair.
a. thicker
b. harder to process
c. less susceptible to damage from chemical services
d. more fragile

d. more fragile

44

Coarse hair:
a. has the smallest diameter of the 3 types of hair texture
b. is the most common hair texture
c. is not resistant to chemical services
d. is stronger than fine hair

d. is stronger than fine hair

45

The _______ is the outermost layer of hair.
a. hair cuticle
b. hair bulb
c. hair follicle
d. hair root

a. hair cuticle

46

The oil glands in the skin that are connected to the hair follicles are the _________ glands.
a. systine
b. simplex
c. sebaceous
d. scutula

c. sebaceous

47

A _______ bond is a physical bond easily broken by heat or water?
a. hydrogen
b. hydrophillic
c. hydrophobic
d. helix

a. hydrogen

48

Hair is approximately ________ percent protein.
a. 60
b. 70
c. 80
d. 90

d. 90

49

Total scalp hair loss is known as:
a. alopecia areata
b. androgenetic alopecia
c. alopecia totalis
d. alopecia unversalis

c. alopecia totalis

50

Hypertrichosis is also known as:
a. ringed hair
b. hirsuties
c. canities
d. split ends

b. hirsuties

51

The naturally occurring fungus that causes the symptoms of dandruff when it grows out if control is:
a. medulla
b. monilethrix
c. malassezia
d. hypertrichosis

c. malassezia

52

The ________ is the lowest part of the hair strand.
a. hair root
b. hair bulb
c. hair cuticle
d. hair follicle

b. hair bulb

53

The technical term for beaded hair is:
a. monilethrix
b. fragilitas crinium
c. trichorrhexis
d. hypertrichosis

a. monilethrix

54

A highly contagious skin disease caused by a parasite called a mite that burrows under the skin is:
a. capitis
b. scabies
c. furuncle
d. carbuncle

b. scabies

55

The term for a spiral shape of a coiled protein is:
a. matrix
b. cystine
c. helix
d. cysteine

c. helix

56

Shaving, clipping and cutting the hair on the head:
a. makes it grow back faster
b. makes it grow back darker
c. makes it grow back coarser
d. has no effect on hair growth

d. has no effect on hair growth

57

Dry, sulfur-yellow, cup-like crusts on the scalp are called:
a. tinea barbae
b. scabies
c. scutula
d. wheals

c. scutula

58

The _______ are part of the integumentary system.
a. hair, skin and nails
b. hair, skin, nails and glands
c. hair, glands and nails
d. nails, skin and glands

b. hair, skin, nails and glands

59

The long, coarse, pigmented hair found on the scalp, legs, arms and bodies of males and females is called:
a. vellus hair
b. lanugo hair
c. extra hair
d. terminal hair

d. terminal hair

60

The technical term for knotted hair is:
a. trichorrhexis nodosa
b. monilethrix
c. trichoptilosis
d. hypertrichosis

a. trichorrhexis nodosa

61

The ________ is the innermost layer do hair.
a. tinea
b. monilethrix
c. medulla
d. scutula

c. medulla

62

Hair that forms in a circular pattern on the crown of the head is called:
a. crown hair
b. cowlick
c. ringed hair
d. whorl

d. whorl

63

The part of the hair located below the surface of the epidermis is the:
a. hair root
b. hair shaft
c. hair stream
d. hair bulb

a. hair root

64

The tuft of hair that stands straight up is a:
a. cystine
b. cysteine
c. cortex
d. cowlick

d. cowlick

65

The ability of the hair to absorb moisture is called:
a. hair absorbency
b. hair porosity
c. hair saturation
d. hair stream

b. hair porosity

66

The middle layer of the hair is the:
a. cortex
b. carbuncle
c. canity
d. catagen

a. cortex

67

An autoimmune disorder that causes affected hair follicles to be mistakenly attacked by a person's own immune system is:
a. androgenic alopecia
b. alopecia areata
c. alopecia totalis
d. alopecia universalis

b. alopecia areata

68

Vellus hair is also known as:
a. lanugo hair
b. lanthionine hair
c. malassezia hair
d. monilethrix hair

a. lanugo hair

69

The medical term for ringworm is:
a. tinea
b. tinea barbae
c. tinea favosa
d. tinea capitis

a. tinea

70

The scientific study of hair, its diseases and care is called:
a. dermatology
b. trichology
c. biology
d. cosmetology

b. trichology

71

The ability of hair to stretch and return to its original length without breaking is referred to:
A. Denisity
B. Elasticity
C. Porosity
D. Resistance

B. Elasticity

72

The technical term for gray hair is:
A. Alopecia
B. Canities
C. Albino
D. Ringed hair

B. Canities

73

The pocket or tube-like depression in the scalp or skin that contains the hair root is:
A. Bulb
B. Follicle
C. Shaft
D. Dermal

B. Follicle

74

The resting phase or final phase of the hair cycle that lasts until the fully grown hair is shed is the:
A. Telogen phase
B. Anagen phase
C. Catagen phase
D. Transition phase

A. Telogen phase

75

A lengthwise section of hair shows that cuticle scales overlap and each individual cuticle scale is attached to the:
A. Medulla
B. Melanin
C. Cortex
D. Root

C. Cortex

76

The condition of abnormal hair growth of terminal hair is referred to as:
A. Monilethrix
B. Ringed hair
C. Hypertrichosis
D. Trichoptilosis

C. Hypertrichosis

77

Permanent waving and hair relaxers change the shape of hair by chemically altering the hairs:
A. Hydrogen bonds
B. Ionic bonds
C. Disulfide bonds
D. Amino acids

C. Disulfide bonds

78

A physical side bond that is easily broken by water and heat is a:
A. Nitrogen bond
B. Hydrogen bond
C. Disulfide bond
D. Sulfur bond

B. Hydrogen bond

79

Hydroxide chemical relaxers break disulfide bonds and convert them to:
A. Lanthionine bonds
B. Sulfur bonds
C. Carbon bonds
D. Hydrogen bonds

A. Lanthionine bonds

80

The measurement that describes the number of individual hair strands on 1 square inch of the scalp is:
A. Porosity
B. Diameter
C. Elasticity
D. Density

D. Density

81

Current research confirms that dandruff is the result of a fungus called:
A. Pyrithione
B. Steatiodes
C. Capitis
D. Malassezia

D. Malassezia

82

The hair, skin, nails and glands are known collectively as the:
A. Epidermis
B. Integument
C. Dermal papilla
D. Trichology

B. Integument

83

The substance secreted by the sebaceous glands is called:
A. Sebum
B. Sulfur
C. Sudoriferous
D. Lymph

A. Sebum

84

The sudden falling out of hair in round patches or baldness in spots is:
A. Postpartum alopecia
B. Androgenic alopecia
C. Alopecia totalis
D. Alopecia areata

D. Alopecia areata

85

Chemical services performed on hair with low porosity require a solution that is:
A. Less alkaline
B. Absorbent
C. Gentle
D. More alkaline

D. More alkaline

86

The melanin that provides brown or black color to hair is:
A. Ionic
B. Eumelanin
C. Pheomelanin
D. Telogen

B. Eumelanin

87

The hair shaft that emerges from the scalp is a nonliving fiber composed of:
A. Keratinized acids
B. Hydrogen bonds
C. Melanin protein
D. Keratinized protein

D. Keratinized protein

88

The units of structure that build protein and are joined together end to end like pop heads are:
A. Oxygenated cells
B. Primary acids
C. Amino acids
D. Lymph glands

C. Amino acids

89

The thickness or diameter of the individual hair strand is referred to as hair:
A. Dryness
B. Texture
C. Elasticity
D. Porosity

B. Texture

90

All natural hair color is the result of pigment located in the cortex called:
A. Melanin
B. Tissue
C. Sebum
D. Proteins

A. Melanin

91

Dry hair and scalp should be treated with products that contain moisturizers and:
A. Sulfur
B. Chemicals
C. Alcohol
D. Emollients

D. Emollients

92

The thickened, club-like structure that forms the lower part of the hair root is the:
A. Cuticle layer
B. Hair bulb
C. Dermal papilla
D. Arrector pili

B. Hair bulb

93

The medulla, the innermost layer of the hair, is composed of cells that are:
A. Transparent
B. Elongated
C. Flat
D. Round

D. Round

94

A severe type of dandruff characterized by an accumulation of greasy or waxy scalp scales mixed with sebum is:
A. Pityriasis capitis
B. Tinea favosa
C. Pityriasis papules
D. Pityriasis steatoides

D. Pityriasis steatoides

95

An infestation of the hair scalp with head lice is:
A. Pediculosis capitis
B. Pediculosis furuncle
C. Alopecia areata
D. Vesicles parasites

A. Pediculosis capitis

96

The ability of the hair to absorb moisture is:
A. Porosity
B. Elasticity
C. Density
D. Saturation

A. Porosity

97

Tinea is characterized by itching scales and sometimes painful circular lesions and is caused by:
A. Seborrheic dermatitis
B. Parasites
C. Subcutaneous tissue
D. Fungal organisms

D. Fungal organisms

98

Which of the following scalp disorders is characterized by dry, sulfur-yellow, cup-like crusts on the scalp?
A. Tinea capitis
B. Pediculosis furuncle
C. Tinea favosa
D. Tinea barbae

C. Tinea favosa

99

The five main structures of the hair root include all of the following except the:
A. Hair follicle
B. Dermal papilla
C. Arrector pili muscle
D. Epidermis

D. Epidermis

100

The three growth cycles of human hair are:
A. Anagen, endocentric, and telogen
B. Catagen, return and transition
C. Anagen, Catagen and telogen
D. Anagen, transition and mature

C. Anagen, Catagen and telogen

101

Which of the following terms is used to describe hairs wave pattern?
A. Curly
B. Straight
C. Extremely curly
D. All of the above

D. All of the above

102

A highly contagious skin disease caused by a parasite called a mite is:
A. Dandruff
B. Pediculosis
C. Scabies
D. Tinea

C. Scabies

103

A long chain of amino acids linked by peptide bonds is called a:
A. Amino-peptide chain
B. Polymer chain
C. Keratin chain
D. Polypeptide chain

D. Polypeptide chain

104

The medical term used to describe dandruff is:
A. Alopecia
B. Selenium
C. Pityriasis
D. Pyrithione

C. Pityriasis

105

The small, involuntary muscle in the base of the hair follicle is the:
A. Inner follicle
B. Angled bulb
C. Arrector pili
D. Dermal papilla

C. Arrector pili

106

Hair flowing in the same direction, the result of follicles sloping in the same direction form a:
A. Section
B. Hair stream
C. Hair whorl
D. Cowlick

B. Hair stream

107

Hair that has the largest diameter and usually requires more processing is:
A. Fine hair
B. Coarse hair
C. Medium hair
D. Gray hair

B. Coarse hair

108

Trichoptilosis is the technical term for:
A. Split ends
B. Hair loss
C. Knotted hair
D. Beaded hairs

A. Split ends

109

The major elements that make up hair are, carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen and sulfur, often refer to as the:
A. COHNS elements
B. Dermal foundation
C. Amino acids
D. Keratins

A. COHNS elements

110

A weak, physical, cross-link side bond between adjacent polypeptide chains that is broken by changes in pH is a:
A. Hydrogen bond
B. Carbon bond
C. Salt bond
D. Sulfur bond

C. Salt bond