Chapter 16 - Haircutting Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Haircutting Deck (103):
1

The reference point that signals a change in head shape from flat to round or vice versa is the :
a. crown area
b. occipital corner
c. four corners
d. parietal ridge

c. four corners

2

The straight lines used to build weight or create a one-length or low-elevation haircut are:
a. parallel lines
b. horizontal lines
c. weight lines
d. diagonal lines

b. horizontal lines

3

The straight lines used to remove weight or create graduated layers are:
a. cutting lines
b. diagonal lines
c. vertical lines
d. horizontal lines

c. vertical lines

4

For control during haircutting, the hair is divided into uniform working areas called:
a. foundations
b. uneven
c. parts
d. sections

d. sections

5

The angle at which the fingers are held when performing a haircut is the:
a. end shape
b. blunt cut
c. cutting line
d. perimeter line

c. cutting line

6

Which guideline is used when creating layers or a graduated cut?
a. traveling guide
b. outer guide
c. stationary guideline
d. shape guideline

a. traveling guide

7

The technique or combing hair away from its natural falling position, rather than straight out from the head toward a guideline, is called:
a. subsectioning
b. overdirection
c. traveling guidelines
d. undercutting

b. overdirection

8

For a client with a long face, the stylist would recommend a style that adds:
a. volume and height to the top
b. fullness on the sides
c. weight to the chin and front
d. fullness in length

b. fullness on the sides

9

To compensate for shrinkage associated with curly hair, the stylist should allow for shrinkage of:
a. 1/2"-2"
b. 1/4"-1"
c. 1/3"-1"
d. 1"-3"

a. 1/2"-2"

10

The direction that hair grows from the scalp into a natural falling position is the:
a. outermost perimeter
b. fringe area
c. parallel section
d. growth pattern

d. growth pattern

11

Which type of comb is used for close tapers in the scissors-over-comb technique?
a. wide tooth comb
b. barber comb
c. tail comb
d. styling comb

b. barber comb

12

The technique used to free up the dominant cutting hand to cut a subsection is called:
a. moving the shears
b. removing the shears
c. transferring the shears
d. working the shears

c. transferring the shears

13

The term used to describe the pressure applied to hair when combing or holding a subsection is:
a. tension
b. sectioning
c. elevation
d. angle

a. tension

14

When cutting hair, a general rule or thumb is to stand or sit:
a. directly behind the area you are cutting
b. directly in front of the area you are cutting
c. to the right of the area you are cutting
d. to the left of the area you are cutting

b. directly in front of the area you are cutting

15

The technique of cutting below the fingers or inside the knuckles using a horizontal cutting line creates:
a. uniform or increasing layers
b. a high level layered effect or a bi-level cut
c. a shorter layer haircut or a shag effect
d. a blunt haircut or heavier graduated haircut

d. a blunt haircut or heavier graduated haircut

16

The visual line in a haircut, where the ends of the hair hang together, is the:
a. guideline
b. weight line
c. graduated line
d. stationary line

b. weight line

17

Parting a haircut in the opposite way it was cut to check for precision of line and shape called:
a. cross-checking
b. consistent tension
c. mirror elevation
d. blunt cutting

a. cross-checking

18

For a blunt haircut, when using the wide teeth of a comb when cutting, comb the section first with the fine teeth and then:
a. change the position of the comb and comb with fine teeth
b. switch comb to alternate hand and comb with fine teeth
c. turn comb around and comb with wide teeth
d. turn the comb on its side and comb with fine teeth

c. turn comb around and comb with wide teeth

19

The term used to describe how hair is moved over the head is:
a. head form
b. distribution
c. fringe
d. weight line

b. distribution

20

A method of cutting or thinning hair where the fingers and shears glide along the edge of the hair to remove length is:
a. angle cutting
b. razor cutting
c. blunt cutting
d. slide cutting

d. slide cutting

21

The process of removing excess bulk or cutting for effect with out shortening hair length is known as:
a. blunt cutting
b. angle cutting
c. texturizing
d. compensating

c. texturizing

22

Thinning hair to graduated lengths using a sliding movement with shear blades partially open is called:
a. slithering
b. notching
c. point cutting
d. angle cutting

a. slithering

23

When performing the slicing technique on the surface of the haircut, it is best to work on:
a. damp hair
b. soapy hair
c. wet hair
d. dry hair

d. dry hair

24

When using the clipper-over-comb technique, the length is determined by the:
a. apex of the head
b. angle of the comb
c. size of the section
d. type of clipper used

b. angle of the comb

25

Haircuts ________ have often reflected a change in the thinking of the time.
a. in the last 50 years
b. in the last 100 years
c. throughout modern history
d. throughout history

d. throughout history

26

The ability to duplicate an existing haircut or create a new haircut from a photo will build a stronger professional relationship between the stylist and:
a. vendors
b. manager
c. clients
d. fellow stylists

c. clients

27

Elevation creates:
a. graduation and layers
b. cutting lines
c. casts and crowns
d. shrinkage

a. graduation and layers

28

The outer line of a cut is known as the:
a. parameter
b. guideline
c. cutting line
d. perimeter

d. perimeter

29

Shears should be sharpened:
a. whenever the sharpening technician comes to the salon
b. only as needed
c. every 3 months
d. every 6 months

b. only as needed

30

The clients hair should be _______ before the consultation.
a. uncleansed and styled
b. uncleansed and unstyled
c. cleansed and styled
d. cleansed and unstyled

d. cleansed and unstyled

31

You should use ________ tension when your goal is to create precise lines:
a. minimal
b. maximum
c. moderate
d. zero

b. maximum

32

A client consultation should be performed ________ every haircut.
a. before
b. after
c. during
d. before and after

a. before

33

Using a razor on ______ hair will weaken the cuticle and cause frizzing.
a. straight
b. fine
c. blond
d. curly

d. curly

34

A quick way to analyze a face shape is to determine if it is:
a. long or short
b. wide or narrow
c. wide or long
d. narrow or long

c. wide or long

35

A fine hair strand is much ________ that a coarse hair strand.
a. fatter
b. skinnier
c. darker in color
d. more difficult to cut

b. skinnier

36

Hair density is the number is individual strands on ________ of scalp.
a. 1/4 square inch
b. 1/3 square inch
c. 1/2 square inch
d. 1 square inch

d. 1 square inch

37

Clippers:
a. are mainly used when creating long haircuts
b. must never be used with out a guard
c. are mainly used to remove bulk from hair
d. may be used with guards of various lengths

d. may be used with guards of various lengths

38

Cast hears are usually _______ than forged shears.
a. less expensive to purchase
b. more expensive to produce
c. easier to bend back into shape
d. more dense

a. less expensive to purchase

39

The _______ on a pair of shears is designed to five you more control over the shear.
a. bumper
b. thumb hole
c. finger tang
d. pivot and adjustment area

c. finger tang

40

Your shears should be cleaned and lubricated once a:
a. day
b. week
c. month
d. year

b. week

41

Before purchasing a pair of shears, ensure that the company has authorized someone in your area to ______ the company's shears.
a. clean
b. lubricate
c. polish
d. sharpen

d. sharpen

42

Knowing how to hold your tools properly will help you avoid muscle strain in your:
a. legs
b. shoulders
c. chest
d. arms

d. arms

43

When palming the shears, you hold the comb with you _________ fingers.
a. thumb, index and middle
b. index, middle and ring
c. middle ring and pinky
d. thumb middle and pinky

a. thumb, index and middle

44

When cutting hair, it is important to always use ______ tension.
a. minimum
b. moderate
c. maximum
d. consistent

d. consistent

45

Heavier graduated haircuts work well on hair that _______ when dry.
a. contracts
b. expands
c. becomes curlier
d. becomes shinier

b. expands

46

Which of these statements about razor cutting is true?
a. A shear gives a softer appearance that a razor cut.
b. When working with a razor, the ends are cut at an angle.
c. Shears have much finer blades than razors.
d. When working with a razor, the line is blunt.

b. When working with a razor, the ends are cut at an angle.

47

Texturizing cannot be done with:
a. cutting shears
b. thinning shears
c. a razor
d. clippers

d. clippers

48

When using clipper, you should always work _______ the natural growth patterns especially in the nape.
a. in the direction of
b. against
c. across
d. alternately with and against

b. against

49

When trimming a male client's facial hair, it is recommended that you check _________ and ask if he would like you to remove any excess hair.
a. his ears
b. his eyebrows
c. both his ears and eyebrows
d. neither his ears and eyebrows

c. both his ears and eyebrows

50

The term ________ refers to the shape of the head.
a. head form
b. skull form
c. hairline
d. guideline

a. head form

51

Spots that mark where the surface of the head changes are:
a. four corners
b. angles
c. reference points
d. perimeters

c. reference points

52

The widest area of the head is the:
a. occipital bone
b. parietal ridge
c. nape
d. apex

b. parietal ridge

53

The bone that protrudes at the base of the skull is the:
a. parietal ridge
b. orbital bone
c. occipital bone
d. nape

c. occipital bone

54

The highest point at the top of the head is the:
a. apex
b. peak
c. pate
d. nape

a. apex

55

The area at the back part of the neck is the:
a. bevel
b. cast
c. notch
d. nape

d. nape

56

The triangular section that begins at the apex and ends at the four corners is the:
a. back area
b. bang area
c. bevel area
d. cast

b. bang area

57

A _______ is a thin continuous mark used as a guide.
a. line
b. head form
c. layer
d. part

a. line

58

Lines parallel to the floor are _______ lines.
a. vertical
b. horizontal
c. diagonal
d. straight

b. horizontal

59

The space between two lines or surfaces that intersect at a given point is a(n):
a. angle
b. apex
c. bevel
d. cast

a. angle

60

Lines perpendicular to the floor are _________ lines.
a. horizontal
b. straight
c. diagonal
d. vertical

d. vertical

61

Lines that have a slanting or sloping direction are ______ lines.
a. straight
b. horizontal
c. vertical
d. diagonal

d. diagonal

62

The line dividing the hair at the scalp is a:
a. part
b. bevel
c. cast
d. graduation

a. part

63

When creating uniform layers, the hair is elevated to _______ degrees from the scalp and cut at the same length.
a. 180
b. 90
c. 60
d. 45

b. 90

64

When hair contracts or lifts through the action of moisture loss, the process is called:
a. reduction
b. shrinkage
c. contraction
d. parting

b. shrinkage

65

The guideline is usually the last section cut when creating a shape.
T or F

False

66

A razor should be used on curly hair as it weakens the cuticle.
T or F

True

67

In a blunt or one-length haircut, there is no elevation.
T or F

True

68

With properly fitted shears, the thumb hole will rest up to or just over the knuckle.
T or F

False

69

Optimally, shears should have a Rockwell hardness of 63 or higher.
T or F

False

70

Hair that grows below the parietal, or crest, hangs because of gravity.
T or F

True

71

The hair type that requires less elevation and should be left a bit longer because of shrinkage:
a. coarse hair
b. dry hair
c. straight
d. curly hair

d. curly hair

72

The hand position that is used most often when cutting uniform or increasing layers is:
a. palm-to-palm
b. undercutting
c. over fingers
d. below fingers

c. over fingers

73

Shears that are designed to remove more hair, with larger teeth set farther apart, are:
a. design shears
b. clippers
c. notching shears
d. haircutting shears

c. notching shears

74

The angle at which the fingers are held when cutting is referred to as the:
a. Parting line
b. degree line
c. cutting line
d. finger line

c. cutting line

75

Reference points in a haircut are used to establish:
a. head forms
b. techniques
c. design lines
d. tension

c. design lines

76

Elevation creates graduation and layers and is usually described in:
a. lines
b. degrees
c. metrics
d. tension

b. degrees

77

A one-length haircut where all the hair comes to a single hanging level is also know as a:
a. blunt cut
b. layer cut
c. graduated cut
d. shingled cut

a. blunt cut

78

To reduce the stain on the index finger and thumb while cutting hair it is important to:
a. close fingers
b. work quickly
c. cut vertically
d. palm the shears

d. palm the shears

79

The thickness or diameter of each hair strand is referred to as hair:
a. coarseness
b. texture
c. volume
d. density

b. texture

80

When you are building weight in a haircut, the hair should be held:
a. straight
b. below 90 degrees
c. above 90 degrees
d. at no elevation

b. below 90 degrees

81

The uniform working areas used for control during haircutting are called:
a. partings
b. ridges
c. elevations
d. sections

d. sections

82

Placing a comb flat against the nape of the head and finding where the comb leave the head can be used to locate the:
a. parietal ridge
b. reference points
c. four corners
d. occipital bone

d. occipital bone

83

The line dividing hair at the scalp, separating one section form another, creating subsections is a(n):
a. tension
b. elevation
c. parting
d. angle

c. parting

84

Lines in haircutting that are parallel to the horizon, or the floor are:
a. horizontal lines
b. vertical lines
c. elevation lines
d. weight lines

a. horizontal lines

85

The best overall blade edge for a hair stylist is:
a. convex
b. beveled
c. opposing grip
d. forged

a. convex

86

A section of hair that determines the length the hair will be cut is the:
a. guideline
b. reference
c. apex
d. weight

a. guideline

87

Electric or battery-operated tools that cut the hair by using two moving blades held in place by a metal plate with teeth are:
a. trimmers
b. cutting shears
c. clippers
d. notching shears

c. clippers

88

The technique that allows you to cut the hair very close to the scalp, creating a flat top or square shape, is:
a. comb-over-scissor
b. clipper-over-comb
c. notching shear-over-comb
d. clipper-under-comb

b. clipper-over-comb

89

Two front corners represent the widest part of the:
a. apex area
b. parietal area
c. bang area
d. nape area

c. bang area

90

The growth pattern is the direction in which hair grows from the scalp and is also called the:
a. hair texture
b. natural falling position
c. natural hairline
d. outer perimeter

b. natural falling position

91

The comb used for close tapers on the nape and sides and when using a scissor-over-comb technique is a:
a. detangle comb
b. barber comb
c. wide-tooth-comb
d. tail comb

b. barber comb

92

Hair density is usually described as being:
a. thin, small or dense
b. thin, coarse or dark
c. medium, curly or porous
d. thin, medium or thick

d. thin, medium or thick

93

The amount of movement in the hair strand is referred to as the:
a. wave pattern
b. texture
c. thickness
d. density

a. wave pattern

94

The area of the head that is between the apex and the back of the parietal ridge is the:
a. crown
b. front
c. sides
d. top

a. crown

95

An important element in creating a strong foundation and consistency in haircutting and creating shapes is the use of:
a. angles
b. corners
c. graduation
d. long layers

a. angles

96

The guideline where a small slice of a previous subsection is moved to the next position and becomes the new guideline is a:
a. vertical guide
b. stationary guide
c. angle guide
d. traveling guide

d. traveling guide

97

The degree of tension used on hairlines with strong growth patterns or around the ears is:
a. maximum
b. heavy
c. minimum
d. strong

c. minimum

98

When using the slicing technique to remove bulk, the shears should never be completely:
a. positioned
b. palmed
c. closed
d. elevated

c. closed

99

Achieving balance within a design can be accomplished by understanding the head shape and:
a. head points
b. reference points
c. four corners
d. technique points

b. reference points

100

A visual line in the haircut, where the ends of the hair hang together.
a. tension
b. elevation
c. beveling
d. weight

d. weight

101

Technique using diagonal lines to create angles by cutting the ends of the hair with a slight increase or decrease in length.
a. tension
b. elevation
c. beveling
d. weight

c. beveling

102

The angle or degree at which a subsection of hair is held from the head when cutting.
a. tension
b. elevation
c. beveling
d. weight

b. elevation

103

The amount of pressure applied when combing or holding a subsection during a haircut.
a. tension
b. elevation
c. beveling
d. weight

a. tension