Chapter 23 - Facials Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 23 - Facials Deck (85):
1

When performing a skin analysis with a magnifying lamp, the first thing the technician should look for is the presence or absence of:
A. Closed comedones
B. Visible pores
C. Evaporated cells
D. Oily skin areas

B. Visible pores

2

Skin that has small pores and may be flaky or dry with fine lines and wrinkles is characterized as:
A. Dehydrated
B. Oily
C. Normal
D. Sensitive

A. Dehydrated

3

Oily skin that produces too much sebum may appear shiny or greasy and have:
A. Even pore distribution
B. Small pores
C. Flakes
D. Large pores

D. Large pores

4

When a follicle becomes clogged, resulting in an infection of the follicle, it is caused by a type of acne bacteria called:
A. Hydrating bacteria
B. Sebumatic bacteria
C. Anaerobic bacteria
D. Aerobic bacteria

C. Anaerobic bacteria

5

Red pimples that do not have a pus head are referred to as:
A. Elastin pimples
B. Acne papules
C. Pustules
D. Moles

B. Acne papules

6

Which of these is a skin condition caused by sun exposure or hormone imbalances resulting in dark blotches of color in areas of the skin?
A. Hypertrichosis
B. Acne
C. Dehydration
D. Hyperpigmentation

D. Hyperpigmentation

7

Which of these is a chronic hereditary disorder indicated by constant or frequent facial blushing is:
A. Rosacea
B. Tinea
C. Acne
D. Albinism

A. Rosacea

8

Cosmetology professionals are only allowed to use products that remove surface dead cells from the:
A. Subcutaneous tissue
B. Stratum dermis
C. Stratum corneum
D. Dermal layer

C. Stratum corneum

9

Which of these is a gentle chemical exfoliation acid that helps dissolve the bonds and intercellular cement between cells?
A. Alpha hydroxy acid
B. Emulsion acid
C. Astringent acid
D. Cryogenic acid

A. Alpha hydroxy acid

10

A ________ is a highly concentrated skin product applied under a moisturizer or sunscreen.
A. Gommage
B. Tonic
C. Mask
D. Serum

D. Serum

11

The thin, open-meshed, woven cotton fabric used in a paraffin mask application is called:
A. Mask padding
B. Micro silk
C. Gauze
D. A pledget

C. Gauze

12

Which massage movement involves the use of light continuous stroking movement with the fingers in a slow rhythmic manner?
A. Tapotement
B. Pétrissage
C. Kneading
D. Effleurage

D. Effleurage

13

Which of these is a form of pétrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out?
A. Fulling
B. Rolling
C. Friction
D. Chucking

A. Fulling

14

The point on the skin over the muscle where pressure and stimulation will cause contraction of the muscle is referred to as the:
A. Insertion point
B. Motor point
C. Origin point
D. Connection point

B. Motor point

15

What is the most stimulating form of massage?
A. Fulling
B. Rolling
C. Tapotement
D. Chucking

C. Tapotement

16

When using a brushing machine to perform an exfoliation, the skin should be treated with a(n):
A. Thin layer of cleanser or moisturizer
B. Fairly thick layer of cleanser or moisturizer
C. Strong toner
D. Astringent lotion

B. Fairly thick layer of cleanser or moisturizer

17

The process of softening and emulsifying hardened sebum stuck in the follicles is called:
A. Massage therapy
B. Passive therapy
C. Deincrustation
D. Electrotheraphy

C. Deincrustation

18

Water-soluble products are penetrated into the skin using galvanic current and a process called:
A. Iontophoresis
B. Micropenetration
C. Cathodiztion
D. Extraction

A. Iontophoresis

19

The therapeutic use of essential oils to enhance a person's physical and emotional well-being is:
A. Oil therapy
B. Scentification
C. Electrotheraphy
D. Aromatherapy

D. Aromatherapy

20

If you use harsh scrubs on sensitive skin, it can:
A. Aggravate redness
B. Possible affect the clients pacemaker
C. Cause severe blistering
D. Cause an infectious disease

A. Aggravate redness

21

Sun-damaged skin is often confused with:
A. Sensitive skin
B. Inflamed skin
C. Aging skin
D. Hypopigmented skin

C. Aging skin

22

Salon AHA exfoliants should never be used unless the client has been has been using 10% AHA products at home for ________ prior to the higher concentration salon treatment, and using a daily facial sunscreen product.
A. At least one week
B. At least 2 weeks
C. No more than one week
D. No more than 2 weeks

B. At least 2 weeks

23

Compared to day-use products, night treatments are usually:
A. Lighter
B. Equal in strength and weight
C. Less intensive
D. More intensive

D. More intensive

24

One of the biggest benefits of massage is that it:
A. Causes client's skin to tense, opening the pores
B. Eliminates the need for treatment products
C. Increases product absorption
D. Decreases the conditioning effect of treatment products

C. Increases product absorption

25

Clay-based masks:
A. Cannot be used with other products
B. Have an exfoliating effect
C. Do not dry on the skin
D. Make pores appear larger

B. Have an exfoliating effect

26

Alginate masks are often _______-based.
A. Seaweed
B. Aloe
C. Sand
D. Vegetable

A. Seaweed

27

Ingredients that attract water are known as:
A. Humectants
B. Fresheners
C. Serums
D. Astringents

A. Humectants

28

When removing a cleanser from the eye area, it should be done with a damp facial sponge or cotton pads:
A. In an upward and outward movement
B. In down and across movements
C. With back-and-forth movements
D. In circular movements

A. In an upward and outward movement

29

A(n) ____________ is a follicle impacted with solidified sebum and dead cell buildup that appears as small bumps just underneath the skin's surface.
A. Ostium
B. Gommage
C. Open comedon
D. Closed comedon

D. Closed comedon

30

Which type of mask contains special crystals of gypsum?
A. Paraffin wax mask
B. Modelage mask
C. Cream mask
D. Friction mask

B. Modelage mask

31

Which of these terms refers to a lack of lipids?
A. Exfoliant
B. Couperose
C. Alipidic
D. Emollient

C. Alipidic

32

Lotions that help rebalance the pH and remove remnants of cleanser from the skin are called:
A. Serum
B. Toners
C. Moisturizers
D. Exfoliants

B. Toners

33

A(n) __________ is an applicator for directing electric current from the galvanic machine to the client's skin.
A. Electrode
B. Amperage
C. Wringer
D. Ampoule

A. Electrode

34

The opening of a follicle is called a(n):
A. Anode
B. Hackle
C. Ostium
D. Folliclend

C. Ostium

35

Which of these is a type of chemical exfoliant that works by dissolving keratin proteins in the surface cells of the skin?
A. Microdermabrasion
B. Tapotemant
C. Deincrustation
D. Enzyme peel

D. Enzyme peel

36

A(n) ______ is an individual dose of serum contained in a small vial.
A. Ampoule
B. Cathode
C. Ostium
D. Anode

A. Ampoule

37

A(n) ________ is a follicle impacted with solidified sebum and dead cell buildup.
A. Closed comedon
B. Open comedon
C. Humectant
D. Pétrissage

B. Open comedon

38

Methods used to physically remove dead cell buildup are called:
A. Steamers
B. Electrodes
C. Mechanical exfoliants
D. Chemical exfoliants

C. Mechanical exfoliants

39

The manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing, gently pinching, kneading, tapping or other movements is called:
A. Telangiectasis
B. Massage
C. Iontophoresis
D. Micro current

B. Massage

40

Which of these terms refers to a condition that requires avoiding certain treatment procedures or products to prevent undesirable side effects?
A. Effleurage
B. Counter-treatment
C. Compensation
D. Contraindication

D. Contraindication

41

A(n) ________ is a peeling cream that is rubbed off on the skin.
A. Alpha hydroxy acid
B. Cleansing milk
C. Gommage
D. Humectant

C. Gommage

42

Which of these is a condition characterized by distended or dilated surface blood vessels?
A. Telangietasis
B. Iontophoresis
C. Albinism
D. Hyperpigmantation

A. Telangietasis

43

Electrical treatments should NOT be performed on clients:
A. Who take isotretinoin
B. Who take Differin
C. With asthma
D. With metal bone pins

D. With metal bone pins

44

The cosmetologist should NOT wear which type of jewelry while administering a facial treatment?
A. Earrings
B. Rings
C. A necklace
D. An anklet

B. Rings

45

Proper exfoliation will:
A. Make the skin more oily
B. Decrease the skins moisture content
C. Decrease elasticity
D. Reduce hyperpigmentation

D. Reduce hyperpigmentation

46

Moisturizers for oily skin are most often in _________.
A. Lotion
B. Gel
C. Powder
D. Spray

A. Lotion

47

Modelage masks:
A. Are recommended for oily skin
B. Increase blood circulation
C. Should be applied to the lower neck
D. Are appropriate for clients with claustrophobia

B. Increase blood circulation

48

When performing pétrissage:
A. Your movements should be confined to the face and neck
B. You should apply a great deal of pressure
C. You lift, squeeze and press the tissue
D. Your movements should be jerky

C. You lift, squeeze and press the tissue

49

Which type of massage involves grasping the flesh firmly in one hand and moving the hand up and down along the bone while the other hand keeps the arm in a steady position?
A. Wringing
B. Chucking
C. Rolling
D. Tapotement

B. Chucking

50

Hacking is performed with which part of the hands?
A. The fingertips
B. The backs
C. The palms
D. The edges

D. The edges

51

Hacking is a form of mechanical exfoliation usually administered after of during steam.
T or F

False

52

Moisturizers for oily skin generally contain greater amounts of emollient.
T or F

False

53

A paraffin wax mask produces a gradual increase in temperature that reaches approximately 105 degrees F.
T or F

False

54

Fulling is a form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifter and spread out.
T or F

True

55

Viennese massage involves the client holding the electrode during treatment, creating an electrical stimulation massage.
T or F

True

56

Acne bacteria cannot survive in the presence of oxygen, and are:
a. pustules
b. solidified
c. alipidic
d. anaerobic

d. anaerobic

57

Every massage should begin and end with which massage movement?
a. petrissage
b. friction
c. effleurage
d. kneading

c. effleurage

58

Skin products that have a higher concentration of ingredients are:
a. masks
b. lotions
c. serums
d. tonics

c. serums

59

A deep rubbing massage movement in which pressure is applied to the skin while moving over an underlying structure is:
a. kneading
b. tapotement
c. friction
d. rubbing

c. friction

60

Pimples that have a pus head are called:
a. papules
b. sebum
c. pustules
d. comedons

c. pustules

61

A kneading movement that is performed by lifting, squeezing and pressing tissue with light firm pressure is:
a. petrissage
b. fulling
c. effleurage
d. tapotement

a. petrissage

62

During a light ray treatment, the clients eyes should be protected with:
a. glasses
b. creams
c. cotton pads
d. gauze

c. cotton pads

63

Dry skin that is not producing enough sebum is also known as:
a. combination
b. alipidic
c. hydrated
d. extreme

b. alipidic

64

Exfoliants that dissolve the bonds and inter-cellular cement between cells are:
a. gommages
b. tonic lotions
c. alpha hydroxy acids
d. aluminum oxide crystals

c. alpha hydroxy acids

65

When removing cleanser in the eye area, move outward on the upper lid and:
a. circular on the lower lid
b. inward on the lower lid
c. outward on the lower lid
d. down on the lower lid

b. inward on the lower lid

66

During an analysis procedure cleansing mild is applied to the skin using:
a. downward circular movements
b. rounded strong movements
c. upward circular movements
d. outward movements

c. upward circular movements

67

Masks that contain special crystals and dry to a plaster-like consistency are:
a. alginate masks
b. gel masks
c. paraffin wax masks
d. modelage masks

d. modelage masks

68

A stimulating form of massage that vonsists of shortm quick tapping,, slapping and hacking movements is:
a. kneading
b. petrissage
c. friction
d. tapotement

d. tapotement

69

The process of removing dead cells from the surface of the skin is:
a. scrubbing
b. modelage
c. exfoliation
d. superficial

c. exfoliation

70

Treatments that produce heat or stimulate the skin should be avoided for clients with skin disorder:
a. rosacea
b. pigmentation
c. gommage
d. tension

a. rosacea

71

The difference between closed and open comedones is the size of the follicle opening or:
a. scar
b. cuticle
c. ostium
d. cell

c. ostium

72

The manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing kneading, or other movements is:
a. metabolism
b. massage
c. absorption
d. physiology

b. massage

73

A cream-type enzyme applied to the face and rolled off the skin is a:
a. gommage
b. scrub
c. toner
d. microform

a. gommage

74

To provide a buffer for the skin when using a brushing machine, apply a thick layer of cleaner or:
a. paraffin
b. moisturizer
c. astringent
d. gauze

b. moisturizer

75

Obvious pores on the surface of the skin indicate:
a. dry skin areas
b. alipidic skin
c. oily skin areas
d. sudoriferous areas

c. oily skin areas

76

The therapeutic use of essential oils for beauty and health treatment is:
a. exfoliation
b. aromatherapy
c. light therapy
d. dermatology

b. aromatherapy

77

Dark blotches of color on the skin caused by sun exposure or hormone imbalance are known as:
a. dehydration
b. hyper-pigmentation
c. hypertrichosis
d. albinism

b. hyperpigmentation

78

Chemical exfoliants that work by dissolving keratin protein in the surface cells are known as:
a. face fresheners
b. steaming peels
c. enzyme peels
d. emollient peels

c. enzyme peels

79

Products used to increase the water content of the skin surface are:
a. fresheners
b. enzymes
c. moisturizers
d. toners

c. moisturizers

80

The process of using galvanic current to enable water-soluble products that contain ions to penetrate the skin is:
a. deincrustation
b. insertion
c. electrotherapy
d. iontophoresis

d. iontophoresis

81

A mechanical exfoliation that uses a closed vacuum to shoot crystals onto the skin is:
a. microcurrent
b. desincrustation
c. microdermabrasion
d. enzyme peels

c. microdermabrasion

82

Process of softening and emulsifying hardened sebum stuck in the hair follicles.
a. Desincrustation
b. Telangiectasias
c. Emollients
d. Couperose

a. Desincrustation

83

Distended or dilated surface blood vessels.
a. Desincrustation
b. Telangiectasias
c. Emollients
d. Couperose

b. Telangiectasias

84

Areas of skin with distended capillaries and diffuse redness.
a. Desincrustation
b. Telangiectasias
c. Emollients
d. Couperose

d. Couperose

85

Oily or fatty ingredients that prevent moisture from leaving the skin.
a. Desincrustation
b. Telangiectasias
c. Emollients
d. Couperose

c. Emollients