Chapter 25 - Manicuring Flashcards Preview

Cosmetology > Chapter 25 - Manicuring > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 25 - Manicuring Deck (60):
1

A manicuring table lamp should use a _____ incandescent bulb or a fluorescent bulb.
a. 10-30 watt
b. 40-60 watt
c. 70-90 watt
d. 100-120 watt

b. 40-60 watt

2

Fine grit abrasives are designed for removing very fine scratches and:
a. buffing and polishing
b. smoothing and refining
c. aggressive buffing
d. shortening and shaping

a. buffing and polishing

3

It takes approximately ______ to properly clean and disinfect implements after each use.
a. 10 minutes
b. 20 minutes
c. 30 minutes
d. 60 minutes

b. 20 minutes

4

Nail products should be removed from their containers using a:
a. wooden pusher
b. finger
c. plastic or metal spatula
d. cotton swab

c. plastic or metal spatula

5

Which of the following products is designed to loosen and dissolve dead tissue from the nail plate?
a. moisturizing lotion
b. non-acetone remover
c. acetone remover
d. cuticle remover

d. cuticle remover

6

Success in nail polish application is achieved by using four coats including:
a. 2 coats of polish color and 2 top coats
b. 2 base coats and 1 coat polish color and 1 top coat
c. 1 base coat, 2 coats of polish color and 1 top coat
d. 1 base coat, 1 coat of polish color and 2 top coats

c. 1 base coat, 2 coats of polish color and 1 top coat

7

A standard manicuring table:
a. is usually 16-21 inches wide
b. is usually 24-36 inches wide
c. has no drawers
d. does not require cleaning and disinfection

a. is usually 16-21 inches wide

8

If a single client is going to both have a manicure and pedicure, how many pairs of gloves will the cosmetologist need?
a. 0
b. 1
c. 2
d. 3

c. 2

9

Disinfection containers must have:
a. a drain
b. a tray
c. a drain
d. a lid

d. a lid

10

Which of the following is NOT kept in a supply tray?
a. polishes
b. gloves
c. creams
d. polish removers

b. gloves

11

Reusing implements without properly cleaning and disinfecting them is against the law in:
a. California, New York and Oregon
b. every state but Virginia
c. every state but Ohio
d. all states

d. all states

12

The best terry cloth towels for use in a personal service are:
a. white
b. gray
c. yellow
d. black

a. white

13

Soap is known to remove ______ of pathogenic microbes from the hands, when hand washing is performed properly.
a. nearly 50%
b. about 75%
c. over 80%
d. over 90%

d. over 90%

14

Compared to non-acetone removers, acetone removers:
a. work more quickly but are poorer solvents
b. work less quickly but are poorer solvents
c. work more quickly but are better solvents
d. work less quickly but are better solvents

c. work more quickly but are better solvents

15

Which of the following is designed to seal the surface of the skin?
a. nail oil
b. nail cream
c. nail lotion
d. acetone

b. nail cream

16

Which of the following is NOT a term used to describe a colored coating applied to the natural nail plate?
a. nail lacquer
b. nail varnish
c. nail bleach
d. nail enamel

c. nail bleach

17

Nail hardeners can be applied:
a. only before the base coat
b. only as a top coat
c. either before the base coat or as a top coat
d. neither before the base coat or as a top coat

c. either before the base coat or as a top coat

18

Blended oils:
a. should only be mixed by those who have studied aromatherapy
b. are not intended to target an specific response from the client
c. should not be used because they are unpleasant
d. are commonly added to products such as body lotions and masks

d. are commonly added to products such as body lotions and masks

19

Paraffin wax is:
a. typically heated in a microwave
b. a petroleum by-product that holds moisture in the skin
c. applied to the client's skin in block form
d. pleasant for the client, but frequently ruins nail enhancements

b. a petroleum by-product that holds moisture in the skin

20

A spa manicure requires extensive knowledge of:
a. nail care
b. skin care
c. both nail and skin care
d. neither nail and skin care

c. both nail and skin care

21

Which of these terms refer to the tools used to perform your services?
a. implements
b. instruments
c. equipment
d. prods

a. implements

22

Which of these terms refers to age spots caused by UV radiation?
a. hypotension
b. hypertension
c. hypopigmentation
d. hyperpigmentation

d. hyperpigmentation

23

Which massage movement involves a succession of strokes in which the hands glide over an area of the body with varying degrees of pressure or contact?
a. petrissage
b. effleurage
c. tapotement
d. vibration

b. effleurage

24

Rubbing a file across the sharp edge of another file to prepare it for use is called:
a. file preparing
b. sharpening
c. filing
d. buffing

a. file preparing

25

Which implement is used to carefully trim away dead skin around the nails?
a. metal pusher
b. tweezers
c. nippers
d. nail clippers

c. nippers

26

Which massage movement involves rapid tapping or striking motions of the hands against the skin?
a. friction
b. petrissage
c. effleurage
d. tapotement

d. tapotement

27

Which implement is used to shorten the free edge quickly and efficiently?
a. nippers
b. nail clippers
c. nail file
d. buffer

b. nail clippers

28

Which method of massage incorporates various stokes that manipulate or press one layer of tissue over another?
a. vibration
b. tapotement
c. effleurage
d. friction

d. friction

29

A service cushion:
a. must be fully covered by a fresh clean towel
b. must, by law, be provided for the client during a manicure service
c. is higher on the ends and lower in the middle
d. is placed behind the clients back during a manicure

a. must be fully covered by a fresh clean towel

30

The wooden pusher is NOT used to:
a. remove the cuticle tissue from the nail plate
b. remove implements from the disinfectant solutions
c. clean under the free edge of the nail
d. apply products

b. remove implements from the disinfectant solutions

31

Nail conditioners are primarily used to:
a. thin out the nail plate
b. soften the skin around the nails
c. reduce brittleness
d. add shine to the nail

b. soften the skin around the nails

32

The _______ nail has a square free edge that is rounded off at the corner edges.
a. pointed
b. squoval
c. square
d. oval

b. squoval

33

The round nail:
a. is best suited to thin hands with long fingers and narrow nail beds
b. should be highly tapered
c. is completely straight across the free edge
d. should extend just a bit past the fingertip

d. should extend just a bit past the fingertip

34

The ______ nail is a conservative shape that is thought to be attractive on most women's hands.
a. oval
b. pointed
c. squoval
d. square

a. oval

35

When applying an iridescent or frosted polish, you must use strokes that are:
a. crisscrossed over one another
b. perpendicular to the sidewalls
c. parallel to the sidewalls
d. wavy

c. parallel to the sidewalls

36

Nail creams can penetrate the nail plate and will have longer-lasting effects than oils.
T or F

False

37

During a paraffin wax treatment, special heating units maintain the wax at a temperature generally between 125 & 130 degrees F.
To or F

True

38

Brushes used in nail polish must be disposed after use on the client.
T or F

False

39

A trash container with a self-closing lid is one of the best ways to prevent excessive odors and vapors in the salon.
T or F

True

40

The hand massage is the last step in a perfect manicure.
T or F

False

41

Reusing implements without properly cleaning and disinfecting them is against the law in every state.
T or F

True

42

Vinyl gloves often shed into pieces when used to apply some lotions.
T or F

False

43

Most men tend to to longer between services and will need a little more work than women on their nails and skin.
T or F

True

44

Spa manicures include a relaxing massage and some form of:
a. exfoliation
b. extension
c. oil
d. colored polish

a. exfoliation

45

As a rule of thumb, the lower the grit on an abrasive nail file, the more:
a. smoothing
b. flexible
c. refining
d. aggressive

d. aggressive

46

The nail professionals chair should be selected for durability, comfort, ergonomics and ease of:
a. portability
b. cleaning
c. communication
d. padding

b. cleaning

47

Nails that are completely straight across with no rounding at the edges are:
a. oval
b. square
c. rounded
d. squoval

b. square

48

Nail products designed to soften dry skin around the nail plate and increase the flexibility of the natural nail are:
a. creams and oils
b. removers and polish
c. cuticle removers and soap
d. acetone or ethyl acetate

a. creams and oils

49

Which of the following is shaped like a two-sided nail file, long and narrow, with one or two additional grit abrasives and a final shine surface?
a. two-way buffer
b. chamois buffer
c. terry cloth
d. gauze

a. two-way buffer

50

Nail hardeners that are useful for thin, weak nail plates and that should never be applied to hard, rigid or brittle nail plates contain:
a. cellulose formers
b. methylene glycol
c. conditioners
d. ammonia

b. methylene glycol

51

Natural nails should be filed:
a. from center to sides
b. back and forth
c. from sides to center
d. deep into the corner

c. from sides to center

52

Essential oils are extracted using various forms of distillation from which of the following?
a. seeds
b. plant resin
c. wood
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

53

Cotton used on the end of a wooden pusher should be changed:
a. when wet
b. after each use
c. after each client
d. when messy

b. after each use

54

The relaxing massage movement that should be perfected, varied and expertly used during the manicure is:
a. tapotement
b. friction
c. effleurage
d. petrissage

c. effleurage

55

To bevel the nail, hold a medium-grit abrasive board at a:
a. 180-degree angle
b. 90-degree angle
c. 60-degree angle
d. 45-degree angle

d. 45-degree angle

56

The greatest success applying nail polish is achieved by using:
a. one coat
b. two coats
c. four coats
d. five coats

c. four coats

57

List of services in your specialty that you are legally allowed to perform in your state.
a. Aromatherapy
b. Nippers
c. Scope of Practice
d. Effleurage

c. Scope of Practice

58

Stainless steel implement used to carefully trim away dead skin around the nails
a. Aromatherapy
b. Nippers
c. Scope of Practice
d. Effleurage

b. Nippers

59

Involves the use of highly concentrated, non-oily and volatile essential oils
a. Aromatherapy
b. Nippers
c. Scope of Practice
d. Effleurage

a. Aromatherapy

60

Succession of strokes in which the hands glide over an area of the body with varying degrees of pressure or contact
a. Aromatherapy
b. Nippers
c. Scope of Practice
d. Effleurage

d. Effleurage