Chapter 16 Flashcards Preview

Matthew 2014-15 (History) > Chapter 16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (28):
1

Union Major who refused to surrender Fort Sumter to the Southerners; After 34 hours of fighting he formally surrenders

Robert Anderson

2

large, powerful weapons such as cannons and mortars

artillery

3

the type of rule in which military commanders are in control and citizens' rights and freedoms are suspended

martial law

4

..., Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south

Anaconda Plan

5

Confederate efforts to use the importance of southern cotton to Britain's textile industry to persuade the British to support the Confederacy in the Civil War

cotton diplomacy

6

A government order imposing a trade barrier

embargo

7

general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall (1824-1863)

Stonewall Jackson

8

Foot soldiers

infantry

9

First major battle of the Civil War, in which untrained Northern troops and civilian picnickers fled back to Washington. This battle helped boost Southern morale and made the North realize that this would be a long war.

First Battle of Bull Run

10

People who are killed, wounded, captured, or missing in a war

casualties

11

A general for northern command of the Army of the Potomac in 1861; nicknamed "Tardy George" because of his failure to move troops to Richmond; lost battle vs. General Lee near the Chesapeake Bay; Lincoln fired him twice.

George McClellan

12

Soldiers on horseback

cavalry

13

Slave holding states that did not join the confederacy; very instrumental to the outcome of the war.

Border States

14

..., an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.

Ulysses S. Grant

15

Right that was suspended by Abraham Lincoln at the outset of the war to maintain security, especially in Maryland.

Habeas Corpus

16

(1862) the bloodiest single-day battle in U.S. military history. It was considered a draw although Lincoln claimed victory.

Battle of Antietam

17

(1862) an order issued by President Abraham Lincoln freeing the slaves in areas rebelling against the Union; took effect January 1, 1863

Emancipation Proclamation

18

the act of freeing someone from slavery

emancipation

19

emancipated slaves

freedmen

20

forced service in the military

conscription

21

A group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War

Copperheads

22

A court order requiring authorities to bring a prisoner before the court so that the court can determine whether the prisoner is being held legally.

habeas corpus

23

1821-1912, Nurse for the Union forces during the Civil Warknown as the" Angel of the Battlefield ". She later founded the American Red Cross.

Clara Barton

24

1863, this three day battle was the bloodiest of the entire Civil War, ended in a Union victory, and is considered the turning point of the war

Battle of Gettysburg

25

3rd day of Gettysburg, a failed Confederate led by General George Pickett. Less than half of the 15,000 Confederate soldiers in Pickett's Charge returned to the Confederate lines.

Pickett's Charge

26

2nd most important Union General who introduced total war in "the march to the sea." He destroyed crops, towns, and farms everywhere he went.

William Tecumseh Sherman

27

Federal troops under Sherman cut off the railroads supplying Atlanta and burned the city

Battle of Atlanta

28

1865 constitutional amendment that abolished slavery

Thirteenth Amendment