Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (35):

Govenor of the Indiana territory, that fought against Tecumseh and the Prophet in the battle of Tippecanoe

William Henry Harrison


United States lawyer and poet who wrote a poem after witnessing the British attack on Baltimore during the War of 1812; wrote "The Star Spangled Banner"

Francis Scott Key


The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers.

Andrew Jackson


Author, diplomat, wrote The Sketch Book, which included "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow," the first American to be recognized in England (and elsewhere) as a writer

Washington Irving


He was the fifth President of the United States. He is the author of the Monroe Doctrine. Proclaimed that the Americas should be closed to future European colonization and free from European interference in sovereign countries' affairs. It further stated the United States' intention to stay neutral in European wars

James Monroe


American novelist who is best remembered for his novels of frontier life, such as The Last of the Mohicans (1826).

James Fenimore Cooper


Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1801 to 1835. Presided over cases such as Marbury V. Madison

John Marshall


(1830s-40s) Leader of the Fugitive Slave Law, which forced the cooperation of Northern states in returning escaped slaves to the south. He also argued on the floor of the senate that slavery was needed in the south. He argued on the grounds that society is supposed to have an upper ruling class that enjoys the profit of a working lower class.

John C. Calhoun


Secretary of State, He served as sixth president under Monroe. In 1819, he drew up the Adams-Onis Treaty in which Spain gave the United States Florida in exchange for the United States dropping its claims to Texas. The Monroe Doctrine was mostly Adams' work.

John Quincy Adams


a senator from Massachusettes and the most powerful speaker of his time who was involved in the Webster-Hayne debate

Daniel Webster


Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law

McCulloch v. Maryland


Cohens found guilty of selling illegal lottery tickets and convicted, but taken to supreme court, and Marshall asserted right of Supreme Court to review decisions of state supreme court decisions.

Cohens v. Virginia


steamboat case that gave broad interpretation to "interstate commerce"

Gibbons v. Ogden


fought during the War of 1812 in central Alabama. On March 27, 1814, United States forces and Indian allies under General Andrew Jackson defeated the Red Sticks, a part of the Creek Indian tribe inspired by the Shawnee leader Tecumseh, effectively ending the Creek War.

Battle of Horseshoe Bend


Supreme Court has the power to declare state laws unconstitutional (Yazoo Land Act)

Fletcher v. Peck


(1819)(New hamp. tried to take over a college by revising a charter)charters are protected under the contract clause of the U.S. constitution(marshall)

Dartmouth College v. Woodward


An political era when the Federalist party faded away and there were almost no divisions; James Monroe was President

Era of Good Feeling


an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories

Missouri Compromise


Meeting of Federalists near the end of the War of 1812 in which the party listed it's complaints against the ruling Republican Party. These actions were largley viewed as traitorous to the country and lost the Federalist much influence

Hartford Convention


Battle where Thomas McDonough defeated the British in the North

Battle of Plattsburgh


Treaty that ended the War of 1812 and maintained prewar conditions

Treaty of Ghent


This was an attempt to have no more slaves to be brought to Missouri and provided the gradual emancipation of the children of slaves. In the mind of the South, this was a threat to the sectional balance between North and South. User-contributed

Tallmadge Amendment


A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.

Monroe Doctrine


authorized a buyer to purchase 80 virgin acres at a minimum of $1.25 per acre in cash, it also brought about cheap transportation and cheap money

Land Act of 1820


Battle at which Tecumseh died in, which ended the Indian confederation

Battle of the Thames


a written plan of government



1819 - Under the Adams-Onis Treaty, Spain sold Florida to the U.S., and the U.S. gave up its claims to Texas. gave american southwest to spain

Florida Purchase Treaty


A natural post-war depression caused by overproduction and the reduced demand for goods after the war. However, it was generally blamed on the National Bank

panic of 1819


This treaty between the Spanish and the Americans ceded Spanish-claimed Florida to America in return for the cession of Texas to the Spanish

Treaty of 1819


Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809), James Madison (1809-1817), James Monroe (1817-1825). All presidents from virginia.

Virginia dynasty


would have parceled out $1.5 M to the states for internal improvements

Bonus Bill of 1817


A protective tariff designed to help American industries

Tariff of 1816


This institution was chartered in 1816 under President Madison and became a depository for federal funds and a creditor for (loaning money to) state banks. It became unpopular after being blamed for the panic of 1819, and suspicion of corruption and mismanagement haunted it until its charter expired in 1836. Jackson fought against this institution throughout his presidency, proclaiming it to be an unconstitutional extension of the federal government and a tool that rich capitalists used to corrupt American society.

Second Bank of the United States


European immigrants bought large amounts of cheap west American land.

Ohio fever


a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations