Chapter 11? Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11? Deck (61):
1

party members choose the party's candidates

nominating conventions

2

period of expanding democracy in the 1820s and 1830s; during the time of Jackson

Jacksonian democracy

3

party formed to support Jackson for president

Democratic party

4

Jackson's vice presidential running mate

John C. Calhoun

5

the practice of giving government jobs to political backers

spoils system

6

strong ally of Jackson; secretary of state during Jackson's presidency

Martin Van Buren

7

informal group of trusted advisers that sometimes met in the White House kitchen during Jackson's presidency

kitchen cabinet

8

high taxes on imports that made Southerners very angry

Tariff of Abominations

9

region whose economy was based on manufacturing

North

10

region whose economy was based on agriculture/farming

South

11

region whose economy emerging

West

12

said since the states formed the national government the state power should be greater than federal

states' rights doctrine

13

a dispute led by John C. Calhoun that said states could ignore federal laws if they believed those laws violated the Constitution

nullification crisis

14

from Massachusetts; believed that the nation should have more power; against the nullification

Daniel Webster

15

ruled that the national bank was constitutional

McCulloch vs. Maryland

16

believed Congress should be strong and the president should be weak

Whig Party

17

severe economic depression

Panic of 1837

18

an army general who was part of the Whig party; 9th president

William Henry Harrison

19

in 1830, an act that forced Native Americans to be moved from their land to the West

Indian Removal Act

20

US land in what is now Oklahoma where Congress planned to move Native Americans

Indian Territory

21

an agency developed to manage Indian removal to western lands

Bureau of Indian Affairs

22

A Cherokee who used 86 characters to represent the Cherokee language

Sequoya

23

a Court ruling that said the laws of Georgia held no force in the Cherokee nation

Worcester v. Georgia

24

The Cherokee's 800 mile forced march into the west; 18,000 Cherokee died on this march

Trail of Tears

25

leader of the Fox and Sauk Indians who fought to keep land in Illinois

Black Hawk

26

a Seminole leader who fought to keep land in Florida

Osceola

27

Who picked the President in 1824 after no candidate won a majority of electoral votes?

House of Representatives

28

What deal did John Quincy Adams make with Henry Clay to become President in 1824?

Corrupt Bargain

29

Who became the first President with a common background after winning the election of 1828 in a landslide?

Andrew Jackson

30

Who was the President of the Second Bank of the United States?

Nicholas Biddle

31

Who did President Jackson meet with in the White House kitchen to get advice?

Kitchen Cabinet

32

What allowed the federal government to negotiate treaties to relocate Native Americans?

Indian Removal Act

33

What present day states made up the Indian Territory?

Oklahoma, Kansas and Nebraska

34

What was the harsh journey made by the Cherokee from their homeland to the Indian Territory?

Trail of Tears

35

Who spent 12 years creating a system of writing for the Cherokee?

Sequoyah

36

Who led the Seminole resistance against relocation to the Indian Territory?

Osceola

37

Who led the Sauk and Fox in an attempt to reclaim their homeland only to be crushed by the Illinois militia and US Army?

Chief Black Hawk

38

What practice rewards political supporters with government jobs?

Spoils System

39

What idea says common people should control the government?

Jacksonian Democracy

40

What was passed by Congress at the end of John Quincy Adams' presidency to raise government revenue and protect industry?

Tariff of 1828

41

What did John C. Calhoun write that said states have the right to reject federal laws they believe to be unconstitutional?

Doctrine of Nullification

42

What means to withdraw from the Union?

Secede

43

What was the famous Senate debate over states' rights in 1830?

Webster-Hayne Debate

44

What crisis was characterized by wide spread fear about the state of the economy caused by President Jackson's war against the Second Bank of the United states?

Panic of 1837

45

Which President was blamed for the Panic of 1837 and served only one term as a result?

Martin Van Burren

46

Who gained fame fighting Tecumseh and became the first Whig President?

William Henry Harrison

47

Who was the first Vice President to become President after a President died in office?

John Tyler

48

What Party supported William Henry Harrison in the election of 1840 and was named after a British Party that opposed royal power?

Whig Party

49

What Party supported Andrew Jackson and the common people in the election of 1828?

Democrats

50

What Party supported John Quincy Adams and the privileged, wealthy Easterners in the election of 1828?

National Republicans

51

What cabinet position did Henry Clay want from John Quincy Adams because he considered it a stepping stone to the Presidency?

Secretary of State

52

Who led the fight against the Tariff of Abominations?

John C. Calhoun

53

What is a rise in prices and a decrease in the value of money?

Inflation

54

What is a severe economic slump?

Depression

55

What symbol did William Henry Harrison use during his campaign to get commoners to support him?

Log Cabin

56

What were the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole tribes called after they adopted many aspects of American culture?

Five Civilized Tribes

57

What did the South call the Tariff of 1828?

Tariff of Abominations

58

How did President Jackson respond when Congress voted to renew the charter of the Bank of the United States?

Veto

59

Where did President Jackson put the federal government's money to kill the Second Bank of the United States?

State Banks

60

What gives the President the power to use the federal army to collect tariffs?

Force Bill

61

What Supreme Court Case did Chief Justice John Marshall rule only the federal government, not the states, could make laws concerning the Cherokee?

Worcestor v Georgia