Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

Matthew 2014-15 (History) > Chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (33):
1

What is something the Articles of Confederation granted Congress the power to do?

Print and issue money

2

Why did Americans believe that the job of governing a state should be divided between a governor and two houses of legislature?

They were afraid of giving any one individual or small group too much power

3

The Articles of Confederation

* American's first constitution
* It provided for a new central government with limited powers

4

What did the Articles of Confederation do?

1) States gave up little of its power
2) Each state had 1 vote in Congress, regardless of its population

5

What were three accomplishments of the Confederation government?

1) Won independence from Britain
2) Expanded foreign trade
3) Settle and governed western territories

6

A legislature which is made up of two houses is called a _____________ legislature.

bicameral

7

Americans agreed that their government should be a __________, a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives.

republic

8

To avoid the concentration of power, the states divided the government functions between the __________________ and the ________________.

governor and the legislature

9

Under most state constitutions which government branch was most powerful?

the legislature

10

What could the national government NOT do under the Articles of Confederation?

impose taxes

11

How many states had to approve the Articles of Confederation?

13

12

Northwest Territory

* A single land created from the lands north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River
* Slavery was not permitted here

13

How did Robert Morris propose to pay off the national debt left over from fighting the Revolutionary War?

5% IMPORT tax

14

When could a territory apply for statehood?

when its population reached 60,000

15

What area did the ordinance passed in 1787 create?

Northwest Territory

16

What could the national government NOT do under the Articles of Confederation?

impose taxes

17

What did the Spanish do in 1784 in an effort to stop westward expansion into territories claimed by Spain?

They closed the lower Mississippi River to American shipping

18

By 1780 what did each of the 13 states adopt?

A constitution (plan of government)

19

What is something the Articles of Confederation granted Congress the power to do?

Print and issue money

20

constitution

a formal plan of government

21

bicameral

consisting of two houses, or chambers, especially in a legislature

22

republic

a political system in which the citizens rule through elected representatives

23

petition

a formal request

24

depreciate

to decrease in value

25

ordinance

a law or regulation

26

This document declared that no person could be forced to attend a particular church or be required to pay for a church with tax money.

Virginia Statute for religious freedom:

27

Land ordinance of 1785:

Congress passed the Land Ordinance of 1785, which set up a system for surveying and dividing western lands.

28

Northwest Ordinance of 1787:

The ordinance established the Northwest Territory, which included areas that are now in Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. The Northwest Ordinance created a system for bringing new states into the Union

29

Northwest territory:

Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Minnesota, and Wisconsin

30

What group opposed ratification of the Constitution?

Antifederalists

31

The first 10 amendments to the US constitution are know as

The Bill of Rights

32

What is an amendment?

something added to a document

33

Name some of the Federalist leaders.

George Washington and Benjamin Franklin