Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

Matthew 2014-15 (History) > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (30):
1

Metacomet

Wampanoag leader who led American Indian groups in King Philip's War

2

militia

body of civilians serving as soldiers

3

casualties

people who are killed, wounded, captured, or missing in a war

4

backcountry

frontier region between the colonies' coastal settlements and the Appalachian Mountains

5

Pontiac

Ottawa leader who led the American Indians against the British

6

boycott

refusal to buy certain goods

7

Samuel Adams

person whose ideas helped inspire the slogan "No taxation without representation"

8

writs of assistance

special search warrants that allowed tax collectors to search for smuggled goods

9

Sugar Act

  • law intended to raise money in the colonies
  • Taxes on molasses and sugar

10

propaganda

stories and images designed to support a particular point of view

11

Sons of Liberty

secret group of people who used violence to protest taxes

12

Patrick Henry

tried to use politics in the House of Burgesses to revoke the Stamp Act

13

House of Burgesses

a group of representatives in Virginia who helped pass laws and communicated between the King of Britain and colonists

14

Albany Plan of Union

written by Benjamin Franklin, called for all the colonies except Georgia to unite

15

in the 1760s Ottawa leader Pontiac and his followers rebelled by _______________

attacking British forts

16

 

Pioneers crossed the Appalachians to settle in the _____________ because there were large forests, rich soil, and abundant game in the region.

Ohio River valley

17

Edward Braddock

led the British forces in North America in the Seven Years' War

18

Townshend Acts

placed duties on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea

19

Stamp Act

George Grenville proposed in 1765 when the colonists failed to suggest an alternate plan for paying taxes

20

Patrick Henry

colonist who preseented resolutions to the House of Burgesses in May 1765, insisting that the Stamp Act was unjust

21

Daughters of Liberty

Women's groups that supported boycotts of British goods were called the

22

George Grenville

the prime minister who decided to tax the colonists to pay Great Britain's heavy debts from the French and Indian War

23

Boston Massacre

occured after a British guard argued with angry colonists

24

Fort Necessity

place where George Washington was beat during the French and Indian War

25

colonial delegates

While _____________ were writing the Albany Plan of Union, George Washington and his troops were fighting the French in the Ohio River valley.

26

Proclamation of 1763

agreement between Britain and American Indians to STOP colonial settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains

27

Appalachian Mountains

the line from the Proclamation of 1763 was geographically located by the _________________

28

Committees of Correspondence

______________ shared ideas and information with groups in other colonial towns about British laws and ways to challenge them

29

tar and feather

a violent method used by the Sons of Liberty to stop tax collection

30

Boston Tea Party

_______________ led Parliament to pass laws to punish Massachusetts