Unit 4 (Ch. 9-11) Flashcards Preview

Matthew 2014-15 (History) > Unit 4 (Ch. 9-11) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 4 (Ch. 9-11) Deck (29):
1

the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president

electoral college

2

precedent

an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action

3

Washington's wife, entertained guests and attended social events with her husband

Martha washington

4

Created a court system with 3 levels (local, state, national)

judiciary act of 1788

5

the total amount of money that a government owes to others

national debt

6

certificates that represent money the government has borrowed from private citizens

bonds

7

people who buy items at low prices in the hope that the value will rise

speculators

8

a tariff imposed to protect domestic firms from import competition

protective tariff

9

belief that the government can do anything that the constitution does not prohibit

loose construction

10

1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.

Alexander Hamilton

11

first secretary of state

Thomas jefferson

12

a national bank funded by the federal government and wealthy investors

Bank of the United States

13

private ships authorized by a nation to attack its enemies

privateers

14

right to transfer goods at a destination without having to pay fees for the cargo

right of deposit

15

the revolution in France against the Bourbons l867

French Revolution

16

Washington's declaration that the U.S. would not take sides after the French Revolution touched off a war between France and a coalition consisting primarily of England, Austria and Prussia. Washington's Proclamation was technically a violation of the Franco-American Treaty of 1778.

neutrality proclamation

17

french diplomat who tried to get american support against the british

edmond genet

18

United States diplomat and jurist who negotiated peace treaties with Britain and served as the first chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1745-1829)

john jay

19

Was made up by John Jay. It said that Britain was to pay for Americans ships that were seized in 1793. It said that Americans had to pay British merchants debts owed from before the revolution and Britain had agreed to remove their troops from the Ohio Valley

jay's treaty

20

U.S. ambassador who asked Spanish officials to reopen New Orleans to U.S. trade. he requested right of deposit

thomas pickney

21

1795 - Treaty between the U.S. and Spain which gave the U.S. the right to transport goods on the Mississippi river and to store goods in the Spanish port of New Orleans.

pickney's treaty

22

organization that tries to influence gov. policy by promoting its ideas and backing candidates for office

political parties

23

1792-1816. Formed by Alexander Hamilton. Controlled the government until 1801. Wanted strong nationalistic government. Opposed by Democratic Republicans.

federalist party

24

political party founded in the1790s that sought to preserve the power of the state governments and promote agriculture.

democratic-republican party

25

incident of the late 1790s in which French secret agents demanded a bribe and a loan to France in lieu of negotiating a dispute over the Jay Treaty and other issues

xyz affair

26

acts passed by federalists giving the government power to imprison or deport foreign citizens and prosecute critics of the government

alien and sedition acts

27

argued that the alien and sedition acts were unconstitutional, Jefferson and Madison's response to Alien and Sedition Acts. Promoted states' right to nullify federal laws considered unconstitutional (1799)

kentucky and virginia resolutions

28

requires that the electors cast separate ballots for president and vice president, as well as providing that if no candidate receives a majority of the electoral votes, the House chooses from the three candidates who have the largest number of electoral votes; the Senate chooses from the top two candidates for vice pres.

twelfth amendment

29

an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action

precedent