Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

Matthew 2014-15 (History) > Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (37):
1

Patriots

colonists who favored war with Britain

2

Loyalists

colonists who remained loyal to Britain

3

mercenaries

troops for hire

4

preamble

introduction

5

allies

work together to achieve a common goal

6

ratified

approved

7

Patriot Advantages

leadership of washington, figting for their homes, skilled with individually owned weapons, knowledge of local geography, used guerilla warefare outside of major cities

8

immediately after the fighting at Lexington and Concord, a petition sent to King George by the colonists, they declared their loyalty to the king and asked him to repeal the Intolerable Acts-this came BEFORE the Declaration of Independence!

Olive Branch Petition

9

makeshift army raised by the Second Continental Congress, led by George Washington

Continental Army

10

led by Ethan Allen, these volunteers attacked Fort Ticonderoga by suprise, they won valuable supply of cannons and gunpowder as well as key route to Canada; the gunpowder later helped the continental army gain control of Boston

Green Mountain Boys

11

colonists who favored war with Britain

Patriots

12

colonists who remained loyal to Britain

Loyalists

13

June 16, 1775,the first major battle of the Revolution, it proved that the Americans could fight bravely but the British would not be easy to defeat

Battle of Bunker Hill

14

the shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out

blockade

15

troops for hire

mercenaries

16

pamphlet published by Thomas Paine; the essay encouraged the colonies to declare indpendence, he said that they did not owe loyalty to King George or any other monarch and that the very idea of monarchy was wrong, and that it would only hurt the colonists to remain under British rule

Common Sense

17

a person who betrays his or her country

traitor

18

written by Thomas Jefferson on behalf of the Continental Congress; it consits of a preamble, a section on natural rights, a section on British wrongs and then finally declares independence

Declaration of Independence

19

introduction

preamble

20

1776 battle in New York in which more than 1,400 Americans were killed, wounded or captured; the rest retreated to Manhattan with the British in pursuit

Battle of Long Island

21

1776 battle in New Jersey in which George Washington's troops easily captured a Hessian, or German mercenaries, encampment

Battle of Trenton

22

1777 battle, the first major American victory in the Revolution and a major TURNING POINT in the war, it not onlyl ended the British threat to New England and boosted American spirits, but it also convinced France to become an ally of the U.S.

Battle of Saratoga

23

work together to achieve a common goal

allies

24

troops on horseback

cavalry

25

a makeshift camp where American soldiers suffered through the long, cold winter of 1777-1778

Valley Forge

26

1781 battle in South Carolina where Americans won an important victory over the British

Battle of Cowpens

27

hit-and-run tactics used in war

guerrilla

28

when an army surrounds and blockades an enemy position in an attempt to capture it

siege

29

1781 American victory in Virginia that forced the British to surrender- LAST BATTLE OF REVOLUTIONARY WAR

Battle of Yorktown

30

peace treaty between the United States and Britain, ratified in 1783, it recognized the United States as an independent nation; our borders at this time extended from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River, the northern border stopped at the Great Lakes and the southern border stopped at Florida which belonged to Spain.

Treaty of Paris

31

approved

ratified

32

leadership of washington, figting for their homes, skilled with individually owned weapons, knowledge of local geography, used guerilla warefare outside of major cities

Patriot Advantages

33

well trained troops, world's best navy, had the support of many loyalist-especially in the backcountry of the Southern Colonies

British Advantages

34

colonial forces were poorly organized and untrained, had few cannons and little gunpoweder, no navy, and many colonists did not want to fight far away from home

Patriot Disadvantages

35

its armies were 3,000 miles away from home, news and supplies took months to reach them, they risked attack everytime they marched outside of the cities

British Disadvantages

36

seized British forts for the Patriots on the southwestern frontier

Governor of Spanish Louisianna

37

his most crucial mistake was disregarding orders and retreating to Yorktown Peninsula, this is where he and the British were captured and finally surrendered

British General Cornwallis