Chapter 18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (70):
1

A tightly centralized Bantu kingdom and Congolese state that developed a central government and actively participated in trade networks.

The Kingdom of Congo

Steven Hutto

2

Known as the "lion prince", he created the Mali empire in the 13th century, created alliances with local rulers, became known for his courage in battle, and developed a large army consisting mostly of cavalry.

Sundiata

Steven Hutto

3

Grand-nephew to Sundiata and the ruler of Mali during its high point, this man cemented the importance of trade and Islam in west Africa through his pilgrimage to Mecca.

Mansa Musa

Steven Hutto

4

Khoi; increased agriculture production, rising population, pressure for migration resulted from this




Roberts

Cattle raising

Roberts

5

From South East Asia; entered Africa from Indian Ocean; Madagascar 300 to 500 CE; mainland; Bantu 500 CE; food supply, enriched diets, expansion.


Roberts

Bananas

Roberts

6

Early Bantu government; village council of men; chief; group of villages is a district




Roberts

Kinship society

Roberts

7

Represented settlement when it dealt with neighboring people.




Roberts

Village chiefs

Roberts

8

Main foundations for social and economic organization in small agricultural societies.




Roberts

Extended families

Roberts

9

Most people didn't recognize private land ownership in sub-Sahara led to_______________.




Roberts

Communal land rights

Roberts

10

Agriculture


Gurera

The advancement of this set the platform for urbanization and cities to grow

11

Salt


Gurera

Was as valuable as gold because it preserved meats while traveling across the sahara

12

mosques


Gurera

Muslim place of worship

13

Swahili


Gurera

City that thrived off trade and reflected Persian and Arab trade even devising a language with relatively similar to called bantu

14

Ethnic loyalties


Gurera

Often seen within Kinship groups where people of a certain kinship are loyal to their tribe and roots

15

Traditions in which people passed knowlege, songs, stories, etc on through to the next generation through only vocal transmission

Oral traditions


Oliver Hutchison

16

What technology was discovered and widely used, involving metal working and led to tools, building materials and weapons?

Iron metallurgy


Oliver Hutchison

17

What technology was helpful to travelers across the Sahara who used camels and needed a way to transport goods a long way?

Camel saddles


Oliver Hutchison

18

What material is common in elephants tusks and was a common trade item in Zimbabwe, controlled by the kings? P.s. Very valuable

Ivory


Oliver Hutchison

19

This was the control, ownership, or public service to one or more people in payment or caused by: captives of war; debt; criminals. Were sold or used in agricultural use. High in demand from Europe

Human slaves in Africa


Oliver Hutchison

20

The Kingdom of Ghana

principal state of west africa at the time of muslim arrival, notable for gold trade, capital at Koumbi-Saleh

Lennemann

21

Mali Empire

followed kingdom of ghana, built by Sundiata in 1253, encouraged islam, led by mansa musa during high point

Lennemann

22

Songhay Empire

followed mali empire, kept tradition of muslim centralized government

Lennemann

23

Koumbi-Saleh



McLeese

Wealthy Capital city of Ghana that supported a large number of Quadis and Muslim scholars

24

From 1200-1400 controlled and taxed almost all trade passing through west Africa

Mali empire



McLeese

25

One of the busiest city-states on the east African coast, and also grew rapidly with trade from other regions of Africa and even the Muslim world.

Kilwa



McLeese

26

Great Zimbabwe

interior of east africa, name refers to dwelling of a chief, city with stone walls, taxed trade in region

Lennemann

27

Kingdom of Axum

south of egypt in ethiopia, christian, royals converted around same time as constantine, managed to stay christian until 1974

Lennemann

28

Great Zimbabwe



McLeese

Situated between the Zambesi and Limpopo rivers, It boasted palaces and public buildings that helped it serve as the capital of the kingdom

29

Early Bantu city that developed as a center of iron production and trade and was the early crossroad for trade in Western Africa

Jenne-Jeno



McLeese

30

Swahili city-states

Chiefs gained power through taxing trade
Ports developed into city-states

Kaster

31

Kongo

Villages > Small States > Principalities > Kongo
Centralized government
reigned until 17th century

Kaster

32

Chiefdoms

Africans organized military and populations grew
Chiefs conquered outside of family groups
Ife and Benin

Kaster

33

Kinship groups

Communities claimed rights to land
Village split the land among its members

Kaster

34

Mali

Controlled most trade through west Africa
Lots of trade between Mali and north Africa
Capital in Niani
Declined from factions and nomadic raids

Kaster

35

A term referring to the trade in Africa that typically included long trips using camels to transport goods.

Trans-Saharan Trade


Landon Ginther

36

Society in which social status and rank is determined by your ancestors, typically used throughout early African societies.

Kin-Based Society


Landon Ginther

37

Small kingdoms throughout Africa that were ruled by a single man, these small kingdoms were usually found in conflict fighting over land rights.

Cheifdoms


Landon Ginther

38

A belief similar to modern Christianity were African tribes believed in a single deity responsible for creating everything around them.

Creator God


Landon Ginther

39

A religion found in Africa based in Ethiopia, this religion came down into Africa from Portuguese Mariners.

Ethiopian Christianity


Landon Ginther

40

A term used for black slaves from the Swahili coast who worked under extremely harsh conditions in southern Mesopotamia.

The Zanj

Steven Hutto

41

One of the first kingdoms in North Africa where Christianity established a foot hold.

The Kingdom of Axum

Steven Hutto

42

"Kebra Negast"

14th-century account written in Ge'ez about the origins of the Solomonic line of the Emperors of Ethiopia.

Henry Goeke

43

Malagasy

The language of Madagascar from the Austronesian family of languages.

Henry Goeke

44

Gender Roles

Specific tasks and duties that were assigned to the appropriate sex.

Henry Goeke

45

Zanj Revolts

ad (869-883) was a black slave revolt against the abbasid caliphate. Occurred mainly in southern Iraq.

Henry Goeke

46

lesser deities

often associated with the sun, wind, rain, trees,rivers, and other natural features. These Gods had the power to intervene in human life. Many different types of sacrifices and prayers went to these Gods.

Henry Goeke

47

The capitol of russia

Moscow
William Loper

48

Egypt

Country located on the mediterrain sea and that relied on the nile.
William Loper

49

Russia

Country located in Northern Europe and Asia and with the capitol of Moscow.
William Loper

50

Timbuktu

The cultural center of the Mali and Sanghay Empires


Charlie McClain

51

Cairo

Capitol city of Egypt
William Loper

52

Saleh

Ghana's capital and center of trade. Gave great power to the Kingdom of Ghana.

Charlie McClain

53

Red Sea

An inlet of the Indian Ocean that lies between Africa and Asia- used for trade and conquest.

Charlie McClain

54

Adulis

a port used for trade located on the Red Sea


Charlie McClain

55

Ethiopia

An area in northeast Africa that had much christianity.


Charlie McClain

56

Middle-eastern city and Muslim capitol

Baghdad
William Loper

57

What is the empire that was formed by Otto

Holy Roman Empire
Harrison Donnelly

58

What is the hanseatic league

An a assosiatiom of trading cities and states
Harrison Donnelly

59

What event occurred in 1060 in Spain

The reqonquista
Harrison Donnelly

60

Who called up knight for the crusades

Pope urban ll
Harrison donnelly

61

What event did leaf Ericsson make

The finding of Vinland and Americas
Harrison Donnelly

62

What served as principal centers of Islamic education and scholarship?

Mosques

Jake Sullivan

63

What did African religion originally worship as its one true deity?

Creator God

Jake Sullivan

64

What were recognized as being associated with the sun, wind, rain, trees, rivers, and other natural features in African religion?

Lesser Deities

Jake Sullivan

65

Who had the power to mediate between humanity and supernatural beings in African culture?

Diviners

Jake Sullivan

66

Sub-Saharan Africa

Private land did not exist. Social positions were determined by kinship, age groupings, sex, and gender expectations.

Rathmann

67

What fictional work traced back the lineage of African culture to David and Solomon?

Kebra Negast

Jake Sullivan

68

This Mali city linked the eastern and western parts of the trans-Saharan trade route.

Gao

Rathmann

69

In 869 what city did the rebellious slaves capture under the command of Ali bin Muhammad.

Basra

Rathmann

70

What city was the most important city for early Christian thought, located in Egypt and was home to st. Augustine.

Alexandria

Rathmann