Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (70):
A tightly centralized Bantu kingdom and Congolese state that developed a central government and actively participated in trade networks.
The Kingdom of Congo
Known as the "lion prince", he created the Mali empire in the 13th century, created alliances with local rulers, became known for his courage in battle, and developed a large army consisting mostly of cavalry.
Grand-nephew to Sundiata and the ruler of Mali during its high point, this man cemented the importance of trade and Islam in west Africa through his pilgrimage to Mecca.
Khoi; increased agriculture production, rising population, pressure for migration resulted from this
From South East Asia; entered Africa from Indian Ocean; Madagascar 300 to 500 CE; mainland; Bantu 500 CE; food supply, enriched diets, expansion.
Early Bantu government; village council of men; chief; group of villages is a district
Represented settlement when it dealt with neighboring people.
Main foundations for social and economic organization in small agricultural societies.
Most people didn't recognize private land ownership in sub-Sahara led to_______________.
Communal land rights
The advancement of this set the platform for urbanization and cities to grow
Was as valuable as gold because it preserved meats while traveling across the sahara
Muslim place of worship
City that thrived off trade and reflected Persian and Arab trade even devising a language with relatively similar to called bantu
Often seen within Kinship groups where people of a certain kinship are loyal to their tribe and roots
Traditions in which people passed knowlege, songs, stories, etc on through to the next generation through only vocal transmission
What technology was discovered and widely used, involving metal working and led to tools, building materials and weapons?
What technology was helpful to travelers across the Sahara who used camels and needed a way to transport goods a long way?
What material is common in elephants tusks and was a common trade item in Zimbabwe, controlled by the kings? P.s. Very valuable
This was the control, ownership, or public service to one or more people in payment or caused by: captives of war; debt; criminals. Were sold or used in agricultural use. High in demand from Europe
Human slaves in Africa
The Kingdom of Ghana
principal state of west africa at the time of muslim arrival, notable for gold trade, capital at Koumbi-Saleh
followed kingdom of ghana, built by Sundiata in 1253, encouraged islam, led by mansa musa during high point
followed mali empire, kept tradition of muslim centralized government
Wealthy Capital city of Ghana that supported a large number of Quadis and Muslim scholars
From 1200-1400 controlled and taxed almost all trade passing through west Africa
One of the busiest city-states on the east African coast, and also grew rapidly with trade from other regions of Africa and even the Muslim world.
interior of east africa, name refers to dwelling of a chief, city with stone walls, taxed trade in region
Kingdom of Axum
south of egypt in ethiopia, christian, royals converted around same time as constantine, managed to stay christian until 1974
Situated between the Zambesi and Limpopo rivers, It boasted palaces and public buildings that helped it serve as the capital of the kingdom
Early Bantu city that developed as a center of iron production and trade and was the early crossroad for trade in Western Africa
Chiefs gained power through taxing trade
Ports developed into city-states
Villages > Small States > Principalities > Kongo
reigned until 17th century
Africans organized military and populations grew
Chiefs conquered outside of family groups
Ife and Benin
Communities claimed rights to land
Village split the land among its members
Controlled most trade through west Africa
Lots of trade between Mali and north Africa
Capital in Niani
Declined from factions and nomadic raids
A term referring to the trade in Africa that typically included long trips using camels to transport goods.
Society in which social status and rank is determined by your ancestors, typically used throughout early African societies.
Small kingdoms throughout Africa that were ruled by a single man, these small kingdoms were usually found in conflict fighting over land rights.
A belief similar to modern Christianity were African tribes believed in a single deity responsible for creating everything around them.
A religion found in Africa based in Ethiopia, this religion came down into Africa from Portuguese Mariners.
A term used for black slaves from the Swahili coast who worked under extremely harsh conditions in southern Mesopotamia.
One of the first kingdoms in North Africa where Christianity established a foot hold.
The Kingdom of Axum
14th-century account written in Ge'ez about the origins of the Solomonic line of the Emperors of Ethiopia.
The language of Madagascar from the Austronesian family of languages.
Specific tasks and duties that were assigned to the appropriate sex.
ad (869-883) was a black slave revolt against the abbasid caliphate. Occurred mainly in southern Iraq.
often associated with the sun, wind, rain, trees,rivers, and other natural features. These Gods had the power to intervene in human life. Many different types of sacrifices and prayers went to these Gods.
The capitol of russia
Country located on the mediterrain sea and that relied on the nile.
Country located in Northern Europe and Asia and with the capitol of Moscow.
The cultural center of the Mali and Sanghay Empires
Capitol city of Egypt
Ghana's capital and center of trade. Gave great power to the Kingdom of Ghana.
An inlet of the Indian Ocean that lies between Africa and Asia- used for trade and conquest.
a port used for trade located on the Red Sea
An area in northeast Africa that had much christianity.
Middle-eastern city and Muslim capitol
What is the empire that was formed by Otto
Holy Roman Empire
What is the hanseatic league
An a assosiatiom of trading cities and states
What event occurred in 1060 in Spain
Who called up knight for the crusades
Pope urban ll
What event did leaf Ericsson make
The finding of Vinland and Americas
What served as principal centers of Islamic education and scholarship?
What did African religion originally worship as its one true deity?
What were recognized as being associated with the sun, wind, rain, trees, rivers, and other natural features in African religion?
Who had the power to mediate between humanity and supernatural beings in African culture?
Private land did not exist. Social positions were determined by kinship, age groupings, sex, and gender expectations.
What fictional work traced back the lineage of African culture to David and Solomon?
This Mali city linked the eastern and western parts of the trans-Saharan trade route.
In 869 what city did the rebellious slaves capture under the command of Ali bin Muhammad.